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Madison Maxwell

on 29 August 2015

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Transcript of Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia River Valley
Mesopotamia Geography

-Between the Tigris and the Euphrates.
-Made up of different regions (each have own geography)
-The geography and natural resources in each region have affected the way that people live.
-Northern Mesopotamia is made up of hills and plains.
-Land is quite fertile due to seasonal rains and the rivers and streams flowing from the mountains.
-Early settlers farmed the land, used timber, iron, and stone from nearby mountains.
-Southern Mesopotamia is made up of marshy areas and wide, flat, barren plains.
-Cities developed along river that flowed through the region.
-Early settlers had to irrigate the land. (deliver water to the land for farming, using canals or ditches.)
-They had to do this in order for crops to grow.
-They did not have many natural resources so contact with neighbouring lands was important.
Mesopotamia Location
The Mesopotamia River Valley's exact location is 33.7000° N, 43.5000° E.
Timeline Continued
1750 B.C: The Babylonians lose their power (king died, land fell apart., taken over by the Kassites in 1595.)
1250 B.C: Assyrians took over again, they began using iron in their inventions.
705 B.C: capital city named (Nineveh)
668 B.C: the great library is built
550 B.C: The Persians take over Mesopotamia
522 B.C: land divided into states called satraps
490 B.C: Greeks took control
333 B.C: Alexander the Great is leader (It was the end of Mesopotamia's seat as the world's powers.)
By: Madison Maxwell
August 18, 2015
Birth: a little before 3100 B.C.
5000 B.C: people called Sumer move in
4000 B.C: The Sumer build temples to their gods called ziggurats.
3300 B.C: The written language is invented.
3200 B.C: the wheel was invented.
2330 B.C: Mesopotamia gets new leaders. (Sumerian taken over by Akkadians) (Akkadians established the Akkadian Empire)
1900 B.C: Another change of power (Assyrians defeated rulers and became new rulers)
1792 B.C: Babylon moves into power (Hammurabi, the Babylonian king, took power of Mesopotamia.)

Mesopotamia Religion
The Mesopotamia developed their religious practices and rituals for worshiping powerful deities. In Mesopotamia, each city had its own patron deity. Some of these were connected to particular jobs. Gods and goddesses received more attention from the worshipers. In order to worship the gods and goddesses, they built temples called ziggurats. The Mesopotamia has a polytheistic belief system. This means that the people believed in multiple gods instead of just one. The people also believed in demons created by the gods which could be good or evil. They worshiped these to keep them happy. They believed that when something bad happened it was that the god was angry at them.
Mesopotamia Achievements
Mesopotamia has had many achievements in history and these are just some of the many things they achieved.
The Sumerians invented the first system of writing called cuneiform.
They also invented the wheel.
Another invention was the plow which is used for farming.
The number system was also invented.
They also used pictographs. (pictures that stand for words or ideas.)
The lyre was also invented.(one of the most ancient stringed instruments of the harp class.)
Mesopotamia: Political system
They had kings that ruled each city-state.
The Mesopotamia also has kind of a theocratic socialist society. This means that the gods and deities that they worship have the power over the land.

Mesopotamia Economics
Mesopotamia is a Greek word that means between the rivers. This civilization today is modern Iraq and much of Syria.
-The civilization used their fertile land to harvest crops in order to thrive and grow as a civilization.
-Instead of buying and selling, the people of Mesopotamia mostly traded with other civilizations.
-The people there used the water to help trade.
-The system of trade developed from the people's needs.
-They mainly traded because the Mesopotamia did not have many natural rescourses that were in demand.
Mesopotamia: social structure
Mesopotamia social structure had high class gentry, the middle
class and the lowest class. They also had a social pyramid. The
Mesopotamian hierarchy is also
a system of three classes. One is
nobility, free citizens, and slaves.
Ancient and modern Mesopotamia
Ancient Mesopotamia is now modern Iraq.
"Mesopotamia Timeline." Mesopotamia Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2015. <http://www.softschools.com/timelines/mesopotamia_timeline/86/>.
"Mesopotamian Civilization | Ancient History | History of Mesopotamia." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2015. <
N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2015.
"Redirect Notice." Redirect Notice. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug. 2015. <https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=0CAcQjRxqFQoTCMqHqJD_vMcCFcVaPgodMWYGdQ&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pbase.com%2Fimage%2F36176870&ei=lpPYVcrkOcW1-QGxzJmoBw&psig=AFQjCNGoJdWSf3EdNI4Xw16tC16fcBQQ&ust=144034329790553>.
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