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14.06.13-Importan Events in the Development of English Language
Transcript of 14.06.13-Importan Events in the Development of English Language
Dr. Lang-Ching WANG
In the Development of the English Language
Sir William Jones
c. 5000 BC
c. 500 BC
Settled in British Isles
The History of Englishes
The Hundred Years War
The Canterbury Tales
The Printing Press
The English Renaissance
The Authorized Bible
King James Bible
William Shakespeare's Contribution
British Empire Colonization And International Trade
Publication of First English Newspaper
Industrial and Scientific
Publication of Dictionaries
Invention of Telephone
The 1st Radio Transmission
From England to America
WWI & WWII
BBC Started to Broadcast
Invention of World Wide Web
In 1066, William the Conqueror from Normandy invaded the island of Britain, bringing great influences on the development of English.
English the language of the lower classes including peasants and slaves,
an estimated 95% of population in Britain.
Norman French the language of the court, church, and upper classes.
Norman Invasion had made
It seems like there were 2 different groups of people
speaking 2 different languages without connections;
King John's loss of the French territory of Normandy in 1204 had made the Normans start to see themselves as English.
With more and more intermarriages between Normans and Anglo-Saxons, Norman French & Old English gradually
The Major French influences on English
10,000 new words
had brought to English by Normans.
Some French words replaced
Old English words or combine
English words to form
2. More people adopted French names
The Hundred Years War (1337-1454) and The Black Death (1349-1350)
had caused a great number of deaths, which helped the rise of English speaking working man due to labour shortages.
After The Black Death,
English had Become Stronger!
In 1362, English became official language of the law courts.
In 1385, English replaced Latin as main language in most schools.
In 1399, Henry IV became the first English-speaking monarch since before the Invasion.
English had gradually been used in every level of society:
In the early 1380s, Geoffrey Chaucer began writing "Canterbury Tales” in English, which is considered the first great work of English literature.
Influences on English
1. Chaucer introduced nearly
2000 new words
into English, and 20-25% of Chaucer’s vocabulary is originated from French.
2. The London dialect began to be recognized as the "
In 1474, William Caxton brought a printing press to England. He published the first printed books in England including "Canterbury Tales”. The printers began to standardise English spelling.
The English Renaissance (16th & 17th century) had urged people's enthusiasm for classical language: Latin and Greek, bringing
thousands of new words
The “King James Bible” was compiled by a committee of 54 scholars and clerics, and published in 1611, in an attempt to standardize the new Bibles.
It had greatly influenced the development of the written language.
From 1590-1611, William Shakespeare wrote
his Sonnets and the majority of his plays.
He contributed an estimated
2000 new words
in many of his works, and he played
with grammatical rules,
e.g. He could use nouns as verbs, adverbs, adjectives.
During the 1500’s-1800’s, English language was introduced to the world and many foreign words were introduced into English.
Sailors and merchants began to explore the world and establish colonies in India, Africa, North America, the Caribbean and Australia.
The first newspaper in English was the London Gazette. First published in Oxford in 1665 as the Oxford Gazette.
From 1750-1900, new words were needed to describe the new creations and discoveries.
In 1755, Samuel Johnson’s “A Dictionary of the English Language” set new standards for the writing of English prose.
In 1828, Noah Webster’s “An American Dictionary” organized and set standards for the American English.
In 1928, “Oxford English Dictionary” unified and gave definitions to new words in English.
In 1876, Alexander Graham Bell who invented the telephone initiated a major stage in worldwide communication.
In 1901, Guglielmo Marconi sent the first radio transmission to St. John's, Newfoundland. American and British English began to connect again after 300 years of separation.
The USA replaced Britain as the world's major economic and political power - English remained an important world language. Lots of English military slang and terms became standard English.
In 1922, the British Broadcasting Company (BBC) began transmission, influencing dramatically the way English language is used and spoken.
In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web. English became the dominant language of the internet, and the net is a major factor in the globalization of English.
1914 & 1944AD
c. 55 BC
Troops of Julius Caesar arrived, leaving place name related to military
Records in Germania
The 7 Tribes:
Anglii, Saxon, Jutes, Frisii
7 Tribes became 7 Kingdoms
Celtic became "Wealas"
Northumbria, Mercia, Kent, East Anglia, Essex, Sussex, Wessex
St. Augustine's Mission in Kent
Christianity spread to England
King Alfred the Great
Sense of Englishness
Bede's Translated Bible from Latin to English
Withdrawal in 410-436 AD
Enthroned in 871 AD
What we have learnt
After learning this course, I realize English is not just a tool for us to communicate with the people from English speaking countries, it also has its origin and histories.
There are so many important events and people that have greatly effected the language, making it the way it is today! In the future, English for me is no longer merely a tool, there are more of it!
To learn the development of Englishes, it took time to understand the history of English. I was glad to search for the connection between how Englishes were and what had happened. It was like reading a literary work, a wonderful work.
It was a good time to take this course, listening to the past of Englishes. Thank you very much.
Thank You very Much
1. American English was mainly originated from Eastern and Western part of England, that’s why its accent is different from British English (Standardized from the South-Eastern Britain).
2. also, I learned many interesting stories, such as Alfred the Great, William Caxton, John Bois, Sir Walter Ralegh, Queen Elizabeth I, these really helped me remember and understand how English language has developed into the form as it is today.
1. when the professor used many video clips and pictures to illustrate the stories.
2. the way the professor carried out the course using interesting stories and examples.
In this course, I have learned