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Transcript of Differentiated Instruction
Megan Hake Behavior Management
Differentiated Instruction Who is Howard Gardner?
Howard Gardner, Ph.D. is a professor at Harvard University and the author of many books and articles. His theory of multiple intelligences has challenged long-held assumptions about intelligence -- especially about a single measure of intelligence. Dr. Gardner also co-directs Harvard's Project Zero. References: One Size Does Not Fit All Differentiated Instruction is...
"Being sensitive to the needs of your students and finding ways to help students make the necessary connections for learning to occur in the best possible way" Standardized Howard Gardner According to Dr. Susan Allan: Differentiated Instruction is... -Providing different assessment opportunities within each unit, tailored for each student
-Allowing students to choose how they will learn
-Having high expectations for each student
-Creating learning centers with activities geared to different learning styles, readiness and levels of interest.
-Providing students with opportunities to explore topics in which they have strong interest and find personal meaning Differentiated Instruction isn't... -Assigning more work to the high-achieving students
-Giving all the students the same work
-Focusing on a student's weakness instead of strengths
-Using only the differences in the responses on an assignment to provide differentiation
-Grouping students into cooperative learning groups that do not provide for individual accountability or do not focus on work that is new to all students. “Perhaps the country’s
most outspoken critic
of education’s fixation on
grades and test scores.” Alfie lectures on education, parenting, and human behavior
He is featured on hundreds of TV and radio programs
His books have been translated into numerous languages Getting To Know Alfie Alfie challenges the views of educators and parents
on several controversial subjects,
such as homework and testing. Alfie's Views on
Differentiated Instruction Rethink standardized “homework policies”
Allow students to give their input
Differentiate the homework given to the individual There is no perfect assignment because one size simply does not fit all! “Perhaps the country’s
most outspoken critic of
education’s fixation on
grades and test scores.” Use testing that will Rate rather than Rank
Students may not test well under pressure or find
An adaptive, multiple choice test will not provide
sufficient data What is the theory of multiple intelligences?
" An intelligence is the ability to solve problems,
or to create products, that are valued within one or more cultural settings."
FRAMES OF MIND (1983)
Howard Gardner believes that all human beings have
multiple intelligences that can be nurtured and
strengthened . He believes that each individual has
nine intelligences. What are the nine intelligences? Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence Mathematical-Logical Intelligence
Visual-Spatial Intelligence How do multiple intelligences apply to my classroom ? Research behind differentiated instruction Brain based research -Learn how the student learns so the best possible outcomes can occur Learning Styles -Understand learning preferences for each student between visual, auditory, and kinesthetic Multiple Intelligence -Focusing on a certain intelligence each child excels at and designing instruction off of that intelligence Assessment -Assessing students within real life situations rather than typical standardized testing with the hopes to measure up to the curriculum So, where do you go from here...? 1. Know your student -determine the learning ability for all your student -get to know your students informally -know about behavior management problems 2. Have a selection of teaching strategies available -direct instruction -inquiry-based -group work -information processing strategies 3. and finally.... be positive be flexible take risks make adjustments if necessary manage your instruction time http://differentiatedinstructionresources.org/ ** Standardized Alayna's References: 1. Allan , D. S. (2012). Differentiated instruction, curriculum, and assessment. Retrieved from http://www.differentiatedinstruction.net/index.html
2. Teachnology. (1999-2012). How brain based learning is changing the face of education, What is multiple intelligence theory? Instruction models, What is inquiry based learning?, Cooperative learning instruction strategies, How does the brain process information?. Retrieved from http://www.teach-nology.com/
3. Differentiated instruction teaching resources. (2008-2012). Retrieved from http://differentiatedinstructionresources.org/ Megan's References: 1. Biography. (n.d.). Retrieved September 14, 2012, from Alfie Kohn: http://www.alfiekohn.org/bio.htm
2. Kohn, A. (2011). "Well, Duh!" -- Ten Obvious Truths That We Shouldn't Be Ignoring. American School Board Journal , 1-7.
3. Kohn, A. (2007). Rethinking Homework. NAESP Principal , 1-4. What Can Teachers Do? With guidance, allow children to chose ways to learn and demonstrate what they have learned.
Structure class assignments so they require high levels of critical thinking but permit a range of responses.
Create learning centers with activities geared to different learning styles, readiness, and levels of interest.
Provide students with opportunities to explore topics in which they have strong interest and find personal meaning. Shauna's References: 1. Brown, J., & Liepolt, W. (2004). Workshop: tapping into multiple intelligences . Retrieved from http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/index.html
2. Guigon, A. (2011, June 06). Howard gardner's multiple intelligences: a theory for everyone. Retrieved from http://www.educationworld.com/a_curr/curr054.shtml
3. Seider, S., & Geiger, R. (2009, April 01). Teachers are taking multiple-intelligence theory to heart. Retrieved from http://www.edutopia.org/multiple-intelligences-schools-strategies Something to Reflect On: As a teacher, what steps would you take to incorporate differentiated instruction if you had a future J.K. Rowling, Mia Hamm, and Jane Goodall? Talk in your groups and decide the best way to include each student in a multiplication lesson while gearing to their personal interests?