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Valuing Landforms and Landscapes
Transcript of Valuing Landforms and Landscapes
Landforms and landscapes around the world are valued by many different people for many different reasons
Some people may feel a deep personal connection to a particular landscape, while others are more interested in the money that can be earned from it.
The value often depends on factors such as their age, occupation, education, cultural background and experiences
In general, geographers divide the ways in which people value landforms and landscapes into four categories:
- cultural value
- spiritual value
- aesthetic value
- economic value
Linked to the importance of landforms and landscapes as expressed by people through creative means such as poetry, literature, art and films.
The film Australia was a hit in Australia.
Set in northern Australia at the start of WWII.
Features the vast, unforgiving landscapes of the outback, as well as the tropical landscape of the Far North.
Both of these landscapes have an effect on the main character, and she feels Australian by the end of the film.
Indigenous Australians express the importance of the land to them through Dreamtime stories, song and dance, and their art.
Nearly all Aboriginal art relates to the landscape and maps the landscape and the landforms of importance to the Indigenous community.
The poster reflects the colours of the Australian outback.
For Indigenous Australians the spiritual value of land is expressed through the concept of 'Country'
Indigenous peoples believe that the myths of their Dreamtime bind them to the land.
They also believe that their ancestors live on through the land and ensure continued connection with it.
Landscapes contain many sacred sites of spiritual importance.
Uluru is a sacred place to the Anangu people who live in the area. They believe that in the Dreamtime, a great sand hill was transformed into this rock along with the Kunia people who live there.
The aesthetic value of a landscape is closely linked to its beauty and uniqueness.
The aesthetic value attached to a place is always subjective (personal).
Being surrounded by the beauty of a landscape may give someone a sense of freedom, stability and wellbeing.
An individual might be drawn to a particular landform because of its overwhelming majesty, creating a personal connection to that place.
The aesthetic value of the landscape to the community has been recognised through the creation of national parks, where land has been set aside for the public's use and enjoyment.
The first national park in Australian was the Royal National Park (Sydney) established in 1879.
There are now 516 national parks.
Economic Value is a measurement of how financially important landscapes and landforms are.
Economic value is particularly relevant to the tourism and mining industries in Australia.
Tourism Victoria wants regular visitors to its state because people who travel spend money on accommodation, transport, food, souvenirs and activities.
The money provides income for the tourism and hospitality industries and the State of Victoria.
The Great Ocean Road is a landscape in Victoria with a high economic value due to its popularity with tourists.
Mining is the process of extracting natural resources from within the earth.
These resources are sold, processed and used to manufacture a variety of goods - from jewellery to toys, to construction materials.
The mining industry attaches economic value to landscapes that contain sought-after metals and minerals like coal and gold.
The same landscapes can be valued by different people for different reasons.
To a mining corporation, the economic value of a landscape might be most important.
To an Indigenous Australian community, however, the spiritual value may be most important.
Then again, an artist might appreciate the aesthetic value of a landform.
These values are important to consider when deciding on how a landscape is best put to use.