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History Of Football
Transcript of History Of Football
through its roots in folk games, the Industrial Revolution and into the modern game we know today.
2500 - BC
Tsu chu- Played in China as a celebration of the Emperors Birthday.
Kamari -Japanese form of “Keepy Uppy.”
300 – 100 BC
Ancient forms of the game played in Rome and Greece.
Episkryos Harpastum mix of football and wrestling.
600 – 1600
Azteca's game, Tiachli ,Captain of the losing team sacrificed
More and more men in power growing concerned over the pull of football and the unrest it could create
Pok -a- Tok
Maya game where competitors could lose their head!!!!!
1890 – Physical Education (PE) was introduced and encouraged within schools, due to success of football. 1895 – C.B Fry (footballer and cricketer)‘The great and widespread interest in football is a manifest fact. So much so that now a days it is frequently urged that cricket can no longer be regarded as our national game in the true sense of the word. Football is it claimed, has now first place in the popular heart’ (Walvin, J. 1994)
1900's - 21st Century
The formation of today's teams lead to a growing concern in violence.
Violence in Sport - growing concern with violence at an official level became evident in the late 1960s
21st Century - Present Day
Is Football more civilized today?
The Civilizing Process
Eric Dunning (1979) attributed "the rise in violence to the failure of the civilizing process" (Dunning et al, 1989).
Based on what you have heard so far modern day football within society has changed dramatically.
The rules in and around the sport have developed in order to make the sport safe for everyone involved.
Football as a sport as became more commercialized up to the present day.
2000- Present day
“Kick It Out works throughout the football, educational and community sectors to challenge discrimination, encourage inclusive practices and work for positive change” (Kickitout, 2013).
Racism in football is a big issue in today's society.
There is no place for racist abuse in modern football.
Example: Kevin-Prince Boateng walked of the pitch in protest against being racially abused (Skysports, 2013).
Aspects of the civilising process are shown through the rules of modern day football.
These have been developed to ensure the safety of both participants and spectators.
For example: no two footed challenges, no challenging with intent to harm others, no high feet.
Game must stop for head injuries, no blood on kits etc.
(The FA online, 2013)
Football is more broadcasted across a wide variety over media channels.
Media coverage of incidents are more widely reported, for example incidents of racism in football are reported as they happen (Skysports, 2013).
The media has a large influence on peoples perception of the sport and the incidents that happen to occur.
English ‘Mob’ game, banned in 1314 by King Edward II
Haxey Hood played during Ephinany
Ashbourne played at Shrovetide
Calcio still played today in Italy
Winner, D (2005) Those Feet: A Sensual History of English Football. London. Bloomsbury.
Walvin, J. (1994) The Peoples Game: The History of Football Revisited. London. Mainstream.
Marindin GE. The Game of ‘Harpastum’ or ‘Pheninda’. Classical Rev 1890. 4 145-149 available at http://links.jstor.org/sici.
Yiannis, G. Aristomenis, S.Athanasios, S. Dafopoulou,G (2011) Reconsidering on the Early Types of Football. Baltic Journal Of Health And Physical Activity. 3. 129-134.
Fox, J.G. Ashmore, W. Blitz, J.H. (1996) Playing with power: ballcourts and political ritual in Southern Mesoamerica. Current Anthropology .37. 483-509.
Harrington, J. (1969) Soccer hooliganism: Report of the working party on crowd behavior at football matches. John Wright and Sons, 1968; London, Ministry of Housing and Local Government.
Dunning, E., Murphy, P., & Williams, J. (1989). The roots of football hooliganism : an historical and sociological study, London, Routledge, p. 230.
Elias, N. & Dunning, E. (1986). Quest for excitement: Sport and leisure in the civilising process, Oxford, Blackwell.
Hay, R. (1998) ‘A new look at soccer violence’, in Denis Hemphill, All part of the game: Violence and Australian Sport, Sydney, Walla Walla Press, pp. 41-62.
The Football Association (The FA). (2013). Competitions. Available at: http://www.thefa.com/Competitions/FACompetitions/TheFACup/History/historyofthefacup Accessed [10/1/13].
1800’s - 1900's
Professionalism in Football grew
1840 – Schools were allowed to play matches against eachother
In 1850, workers were granted time off on Saturday afternoons, this allowed them to play football.
The game evolved from this point
1873 The Scottish Cup was formed, which allowed local Scottish footballers to concentrate on football, which helped with the growth of the Scottish game.
The first 11 years of the FA cup were won by amateur teams, 1882 was the last year an amateur team won the FA cup.
The growing popularity of football was clear for all to see as in 1864 an advertisement in the Leeds Mercury stated “Football. Wanted a number of persons to form a football club for playing on Woodhouse Moore for a few days a week from 7 to 8-o-clock a.m.”
(Walvin, J. 1994)
500 men turned up after seeing the advertisement
On 26th of October 1863, The Football Association (The FA) was formed by a group of football team captains who met at the Freemason’s Tavern in Lincoln’s Inn Field.
The original aim of the meeting was too
“modify rules for the regulation of the game of football”
(Walvin, J. 1994)
“At a meeting held in the offices of The Sportsman in London on 20th July 1871, a proposal by FA Honorary Secretary Charles Alcock "that it is desirable that a Challenge Cup should be established in connection with the Association, for which all clubs belonging to the Association should be invited to compete”
(The FA, 2013)
In 1871/72 the first FA Cup was competed with the Wanderers winning the cup.
Only 15 teams competed in the Cup.
Aston Villa (1874)
Birmingham City (1875)
Sheffield Wednesday (1867)
Sheffield United (1889)
Tottenham Hotspurs (1882)
1880’s – teams, leagues and competitions were formed.
- custom made football’s could be purchased
- newspapers began to report about football
An example of Violence
The Hillsborough Disaster
"During the late 1900's and even today, they are, instead, about capital. For example, The FA Premier League Football, talk about income from television, corporate sponsors, and prospects of takeover of top clubs by major media players" (Hay, 1998).
"Business firms from the start of the professional game in the 1880s understood there had been plenty of violence in the nineteenth century, and the theoretical underpinnings were acknowledged. "
The Sport as a Business
old footballs were made form pigs bladders. soon leather a rubber 'bladder' war produced this was then wrapped with leather