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History of Swimming

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Marie Docken

on 30 August 2015

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Transcript of History of Swimming

Marie Docken
History and Impact of Swimming

Olympics
Athens 1896
(First Modern Olympics)- Swimming was one of four sports available, with only four events in total.
Fun Fact: Alfred Hajos won both 100m and 1200m (not even in an indoor pool-in the sea), a feat that is very unlikely now
Paris 1900
- Backstroke added and events slightly changed- 4000m offered
St. Louis 1904-
First Olympics where breaststroke and freestyle were differentiated
Stockholm

1912
- Women's events added
Melbourne 1956
- Butterfly added
Turning Points
Johnny Weissmuller (USA)
- In 1922, was the
first man to go under one minute in 100 free and eventually lowered world record to 51 seconds.
Sybil Bauer (USA)-
Went faster than men’s world record in 440m backstroke in 1922 and 1924
Michael Phelps (USA)-
Known to be most decorated Olympian of all time with 22 medals and has broken 39 world records
Stats and Impact
In 2014, only about 0.1% of the US population swam year-round
Although the US is one of the world's top leaders in swimming, in 2010, only around 0.3% of the US's kids, teens, and young adults swam year-round
Over 3 million children around the nation have recieved swim lessons through the USA Swimming Make a Splash Tour, who's goal is to help reduce the risk of drowning in America
Stats and Impact cont.
In the year and season that follow the Olympics, the overall percentage of swimmers generally increases. For example:
In both 2009 and 2013, the average percentage of year-round swimmers grew by over 10%
In the season following the 2008 Olympics- when Michael Phelps earned 8 gold medals- the number of high school swimmers grew by 16% for boys and 7% for girls, with no other recent season seeing such an increase (average growth is 1-2%)
Stats and Impact cont.
On average, about 70% of year-round swimmers are white, with next highest ethnicity group being Asian with 11%.
Michael Phelps earns around 7-10 million dollars a year from prize money and endorsements. In comparison, this season Kobe Bryant will be paid 25 million dollars from the NBA alone.
Most major swimming competitions, like the NCAA Div 1 Championships, are shown live online on ESPN and are aired occasionally on TV; however, no competition is advertised for or shown more than the Olymics
Resources
http://www.athleticscholarships.net/swimming-history.htm
http://www.olympic.org/athens-1896-summer-olympics
http://nbcolympics.com/sport/swimming/
http://www.usaswimming.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?TabId=1521
http://www.olympic.org/Assets/OSC%20Section/pdf/QR_sports_summer/Sports_Olympiques_natation_eng.pdf
http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-03.pdf
http://swimswam.com/the-michael-phelps-effect-high-school-swimming-and-diving-continues-to-grow/
http://espn.go.com/nba/salaries
http://www.usaswimming.org/DesktopDefault.aspx?TabId=2092&Alias=Rainbow&Lang=en



Early Beginnings
Swimming has been played for fun or as a game since ancient times, but the fine-tuning of swimming as a sport began in the early 1800s with the formation of the National Swimming Society of England. After a few other associations and small meets formed in England and Australia, the US came into play in 1833 with the first major meet by the New York Athletic Club.
1908-FINA established
- decides and interprets rules and regulations
Order of the Strokes
1. Breastsroke-
Adopted early in England because it offered little splash, making it appear more mannerly

2. Freestyle
- Addition of a second stroke made the competition more entertaining for viewers, thus drawing more people to the sport.
3. Backstroke-
1900
4. Butterfly-
1956
Men's race in 1896 Olympics
Men's race in 1900 Olympics
All of these events resulted in a growing popularity and interest in the sport of swimming from the general public.
Men get ready to swim in 1900 Olympics in Paris
Michael Phelps after 200m free in Beijing '08
Local kids benefit from the Make a Splash Tour
The Olympic Effect
Overview
Overall, although swimming is not the most popular or highly-anticipated sport, it still has a lasting impact on society, whether it be teaching kids how to swim and stay safe or promoting the newest sandwich from Subway. On the surface, swimming's greatest effect on society would appear to be adding a small boost in the economy; however, through looking a little deeper it is easy to see that swimming not only aids society as a whole, but also the individual people involved in the sport, often creating a better person coming out than what began, thus making its mark on society.
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