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The 17th Amendment

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Gabi Farley

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of The 17th Amendment

Let's brainstorm Research The 17th Amendment Notes When? The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. What is it? Critics of the 17th Amendment claim that by altering the way senators are elected, the states lost any representation they had in the federal government, as well as an over extension of federal power and the rise of special interest groups to fill the power vacuum previously occupied by state legislatures. Until 1913 state legislatures had elected U.S. senators. The 17th Amendment was drafted in 1913 in response to progressive initiatives that challenged the current practice of choosing senators by state legislature, in hopes of curtailing state-level political corruption and elitist agendas threatening the national welfare. From 1895 to 1911 a total of thirty-one states addressed seventy-five
petitions to Congress. The proposed Direct Election Amendment passed
the House several times-in 1900 by a vote of 240 to 15-but, not surprisingly,
the Senate refused to pass an amendment that directly involved the
fortunes of its own members. The 17th Amendment was pushed very heavily by the states themselves, and is one of the issues that came the closest to being pushed to the proposal stage via a called convention. Other
Facts When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution. Passed May 13th, 1912 Apparently the number of petitions for a convention came within one of the required two-thirds before the Senate
finally acted in 1912, when Congress proposed what became the Seventeenth Amendment Ratified April 8th, 1913 basically it established direct election of US Senators by popular vote. public figures have expressed a desire to reform or even repeal the Seventeenth Amendment. the text book
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventeenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution
http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxvii
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