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The Scientific Revolution

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on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution
By: Kari Moyer & Brett LeClair
1535 CE: First anatomical text based on human dissections
1543 CE: Copernicus discovers the earth revolves around the sun
1632 CE: Galileo proposes the concept of inertia
1609 CE: Creation of first telescope
1590 CE: Creation of first compound microscope
1665 CE: Calculus is developed
1687 CE: Newton's Laws of Motion are published
Timeline
Causes of the Scientific Revolution:

Renaissance
Monarchs funded scientific research

The Renaissance
The renaissance triggered the start of the scientific revolution because of the renewed interest in philosophy, science, and mathematics in that era.
Monarchs
The monarchs of the 14th-15th century contributed by funding the research of many famous renaissance mathematicians, philosophers, and scientists. They believed that these scientific breakthroughs could:
Promote trade
Centralize government
Influence religion
Essential Content
The discoveries of the Scientific Revolution were broken up into 3 main categories:

Anatomy

Astronomy

Physics

Astronomy
Belgian anatomist
Social Impact
-Roman Catholic Church opposed views of many scientists
-scientists did not want to challenge role of Christianity
-science explained the world through logical reasoning whereas church explained it through inspiration
-church feared reason as an enemy of faith, but eventually accepted some of the achievements
-This disagreement lead to the creation of the Illuminati
Political Impact
-Galileo said mathematics were needed in order to understand the universe
-was tried & imprisoned for theories
-punished by members of Roman Catholic Church
-no separation of church & state
-Galileo's theories contradicted the Catholic interpretation of Christian scriptures
-was not denying God's perfection/ role of creator
-unable to convince church
-Galileo & other scientists argued that religious revelation was needed in order to understand meaning of things
Andreas Vesalius
Discovered:
Skeletal and muscular systems
Vascular and circulatory systems
Nervous system
Heart
Published De
Humani Corporis Fabrica
Anatomy
Galileo Galilei
Italian physicist and astronomer
Discovered:
Mountains on the moon
Milky Way has innumerable stars
Jupiter's 4 largest moons
Phases of Venus
Sunspots
Created the first telescope
Discovered that the oscillations of a swinging pendulum take the same amount of time, regardless of amplitude
Proposed the concept of inertia
Remake/interpretation of Galileo's first
telescope.
Physics
Isaac Newton
English physicist and mathematician
Developed Calculus with Gottfried Leibniz
Published
Principia
, which states Newton's laws of motion and law of universal gravitation
Apple representing the apple falling on Newton's head
Discussion Questions
Artistic interpretation of Renaissance Italy
Map of Renaissance Europe depicting where the Scientific Revolution was occurring
Newton's book
Principia
Isaac Newton
De Humani Corporis Fabrica; Recorded observations from dissections (skeletal & muscular)
Andreas Vesalius
Galileo Galilei
Illuminati
Secret society organized in Bavaria
Illuminati means "The Enlightened"
Opposed prejudice, superstition,
religious influence over the public
, and abusing of state power
Supported women's rights and gender equality
Owl of Minerva perched on a book, representing the Illuminati
Economic Impact
Scientific Revolution led to the Enlightenment
Enlightenment thinkers contributed to advancements in society
Adam Smith, a scottish Enlightenment thinker, created capitalism, which paved the road for our present-day economy
Works Cited
“Astronomy.”
Marshall Cavendish
. Marshall Cavendish Corporation, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
Cherubin, Rose. “The Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century and the Political Revolutions of the 18th Century.”
Classweb.gmu.edu
. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.
“Historical Anatomies on the Web.”
Nlm.nih.gov
. USA.gov, 6 May 2003. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

Perucsd.org
. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013. <http://www.perucsd.org/kroach/Homework%20pdf/How%20the%20Scientific%20Revolution%20changed%20society.pdf>.
Science
. New rev. ed. New York: DK, 1998. Print.
Vesalius, Andreas.
De Humani Corporis Fabrica
. Basileae: Joannis Oporini, 1543. Print.
"Adam Smith." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 2 Dec. 2013.


Provided hundreds of technological, astronomical, and anatomical advancements in a span of 200 years
Led to more diligent workers and innovative thinkers
Sparked the exponential growth of inventions through the next few centuries
Effects and Impacts
Full transcript