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Travel through language!

tour from the beginning of written communication through the development of printing.
by

Michael Sparks

on 17 February 2011

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Transcript of Travel through language!

History
Of Symbols Cave
Paintings
Cave
Paintings Petroglyphs Language is complex.
Philosophers and Linguists
have tried to understand how
humans learn and comprehend language.
Some try and say it’s an innate ‘grammar’
that we are capable of picking up a language
before we turn 5 years old. It’s part
of our language instinct. If we were to condense
the time from when humans
appeared to now into a year,
language would not even be on the
map until about December. Ideogramatic
Writing GEOGLYPHS Cuneiforms Hieroglyphics The Greeks Phoenician
Alphabet 40,000 - 10,000 BC Petroglyphs Cave paintings are a bit of a mystery as to their purpose, but it is believe that they were not made simply for decoration. The location of these paintings were not in easily accessed or highly traveled areas.
They found many paintings, small female figures and decorated objects such as weapons. There are said to be savages in the caves, but for savages they held an innate instinct for what was beautiful, and made sense. Cave painting freed language from the single moment of interaction. In doing so, they bound language to the physical limitations of the picture surface. It was not very portable. Some of the materials used in cave paintings were red and yellow ochre, hematite, manganese oxide and charcoal. Petroglyphs are created by removing part of a rock surface by incising, picking, carving, and abrading.
Petroglyphs are powerful cultural symbols that reflect the societies and religions of tribes. They are used to symbolize where traditional ceremonies still take place. Each petroglyph's orientation to the horizon and surrounding images, as well as the landscape in which it sits are not done by accident. Some petroglyphs have meanings that are only known to the individuals who made them. Others represent tribal markers and location.
10,000 B.C. - Current Cave Paintings Petroglyphs Geoglyphs Geoglyphs are drawings on the ground, or a large motif. They are generally done in size greater than 4 metres. They are designs produced on the ground by either arranging clasts stones of varying size to create a positive geoglyph or by removing patinated clasts to expose unpatinated ground. Geoglyphs Pictograms A pictogram or pictograph is a symbol representing a concept, object, activity, place or event by illustration. Pictography is a form of writing whereby ideas are transmitted through drawing. It transcended languages so they could communicate to different people groups without a language barrier. The pictorial representations became simplified and more abstract as the number of characters in use also grew gradually smaller
Pictograms Cuneiforms 34th - 1st Century B.C. 10,000 - 5,000 B.C. 3,000 - 2,000 B.C. The Sumerians, invented one of the world's earliest systems of writing. They invented writing because they needed a means of accounting for the receipt and distribution of resources. The writing system employed signs to represent numbers, things, words, and the sounds of words. All of the signs were originally pictograms. Chose clay tablets because it was readily available, and reeds were used as the styli. The last known cuneiform inscription, an astronomical text, was written in AD 75. Cunieforms Hieroglyphics 34th - 1st C. B.C. Hieroglyphs was a writing system used by the Ancient Egyptians, that contained a combination of logographic, alphabetic, and ideographic elements. Hieroglyphs emerged from the preliterate artistic traditions of Egypt. As writing developed and became more widespread among the Egyptian people, simplified glyph forms developed, resulting in the hieratic (priestly) and demotic (popular) scripts, which eventually formed the basis on which the Phoenicians structured the modern alphabetic system. Hieroglyphics The Alphabet 2,000 B.C. - Current he history of the alphabet: Starts in Egypt around 2000BC. This was considered the prototype. From this springs, the phoenician alphabet. The Phoenician alphabet then gave rise to the Greek and Berber alphabets. Whereas separate letters for vowels would have actually hindered the legibility of Egyptian, Berber, or Semitic, their absence was problematic for Greek, which had a very different morphological structure.



The Greek alphabet is the source for all the modern scripts of Europe. Several hundred years later, the Romans used the Greek alphabet as the basis for the uppercase alphabet that we know today. They refined the art of handwriting, fashioning several distinctive styles of lettering which they used for different purposes. They scribed a rigid, formal script for important manuscripts and official documents and a quicker, more informal style for letters and routine types of writing. The Alphabet In Conclusion Written Communication gave us a way to record our thoughts and lives. It is the only way we would have record of any historical event. Also Communicating with other people groups, is vital to the progression of technology. Technology like the pictogram, and the alphabet are still being used today. It's a pivotal role in every designers work. It's impossible say that there is one writing system that is more important than the other. Without all of them, from the cave paintings to the Roman alphabet, we wouldn't be where we are today. Created By: Cody
Sparks Amber
Pope
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