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HOSPITAL + PHARMACY

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song xiong

on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of HOSPITAL + PHARMACY

Hospital pharmacists no longer are located in the basement of the hospital with their mortar and pestles. They are now on patient floors, working along with physicians and nurses to deliver pharmaceutical care.
- Experienced hospital pharmacists
who have met the
criteria are recognized
as consultant
pharmacists.
These expert
practitioners
work in regional
or national roles,
as well as their roles
in patient care.
HOSPITAL
What is a Hospital Pharmacy?
+
PHARMACY
- A hospital pharmacy are
pharmacies that are usually
found within a hospital. Its a
department under the direction
of professionally competent,
legally qualified pharmacists,
and where special prescriptions
are made for hospital patients,
ambulatory patients, and
out-patients. They usually have a
larger variety of medications,
which includes more
specialized medications.
Hospital pharmacies provide
help to patients with
complicated conditions.
IV room->
Who works within a
Hospital Pharmacy?
What does a hospital pharmacist do?
- Hospital pharmacists are the experts in the field of medicines.
- They work closely with medical and nursing staff to help ensure patients receive the most appropriate treatments.
- They are responsible for purchase, manufacture, dispensing, quality testing, and supply of all medicines used within the hospital.
What does a hospital pharmacist assistant do ?
- A Pharmacist assistant's main role is to assist pharmacists in administrative and customer service roles.
- They are called on to answer calls, accept payments, price stock, stock shelves, and prepare and reconcile third party insurance claims and record.
- Assistants and technicians
may have overlapping duties,
but assistants does the
clerical work.
- When it comes to answering
patients direct questions,
anything concerning
prescriptions or drug-related
most be reported to the
pharmacist first.
What does a hospital technician do ?
- Hospital technicians main role is dispensing, manufacture, procurement, and make sure there is safe administration of medicines.
- Manufacturers supply medicines that in a form that is ready, but in hospitals, technicians are trained to make these medicinal products.
- Some medicines, like injections, needs to be specifically made for a specific patients are made by hospital techs in room called
isolators.

- Techs monitor medicine
stocks on hospital wards and
make sure they are always in
correct order. They advise
nurses on correct medication
storage, check expiration
dates, and changes in the
hospital wards.
Locations of the pharmacies
within the hospital
Pharmacies locations and the layout within hospital are usually allocated to the wards and intensive care units, but varies differently with each hospital. There are centralized and
decentralized
pharmacies.
A pharmacy which all pharmacy staff and equipment are located in a single area of the hospital, usually the lower levels.
Since centralized pharmacies have mainly
one location within the hospital, they have systems that help them connect throughout the whole hospital. One of their mainly use systems is the computerized system.
It helps pharmacist get easier access to important information of the patient during their stay because it's connected to all departments within the hospital. After a pharmacist has filled an order, it can be delivered by and internal tube system, or the "runner method", where person picks it up.
- DECENTRALIZED: The main pharmacy is in a central location. But there are also satellites, also known as "mini pharmacies" located throughout
the pharmacy at key patient care units. It it structured with maily four satellites and a central
pharmacy unit to provide care to all areas of the hospital. The social director and assistant director maintains controls, coordination, and quality assurance of all departments. Staff pharmacists are the team leaders in their satellites.
Purpose of
Hospital Pharmacy
- Provide help to patients, health care
institutions, allied health professions, profession of pharmacy.

- Provide adequate supply of medication

- Assure a high quality of patient care and patient safety.

- Inform health professionals and nurses of correct medication use and dosage.
Departmental organization : small hospital
Advantages:
- Can bring in much-needed revenues while improving patient care.

- Patient convenience and faster service.

- Able to work closely with health
professional and nurses.

- Reduces medical errors and improves outcomes.
- Most workers within the pharmacy have limited direct patient contact.

- Changes in procedures and physical space adds cost to hospital pharmacies.

- Changes in regulations and accreditations also adds cost and complications in managing hospital pharmacies.
Departmental Organization: Large hospital
Disadvantages:
CENTRALIZED PHARMACIES:
DECENTRALIZED PHARMACIES:
A hospital pharmacy consists of many staffs. From the top there are there are the pharmacy directors and assistant directors. There are also secretaries, out-in patient staffs, supervisors and more. But when walking into a pharmacy, the main staff members you will mainly see are the pharmacists, assistant pharmacist, and pharmacy technicians.
A little bit of history:
The first hospital in the
United States was the Pennsylvania
Hospital in Philadelphia established in 1751. They opened up their hospital pharmacy in 1752, when Jonathan Roberts was hired as a pharmacist.
1811:
In 1811, New york established a hospital that had a full time pharmaceutical practitioner. This hospital was called the Massachusetts General Hospital.
THE CIVIL WAR
During the civil war, hospital pharmacists were sent out to help aid for the soldiers. They were sent out because of the experience in manufacturing drug preparations.
Philadelphia's Pennsylvania Hospital
Back then...
and now.
In the 1920's, hospital pharmacy was not a strong, well-organized component of the profession.

By 1936, a subsection of hospital pharmacists was formed in the American Pharmaceutical Association (APHA)

In 1942, hospital pharmacists established the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists.

HOSPITALS THEN...
Minnesota.....
In 1936, the "hospital Pharmacists of Minnesota(HPM)" was founded as the state organization of pharmacists and organized health care settings.

In 1954, HPM changed their name to the "Minnesota Society of Hospital Pharmacists(MSHP)" and became affiliated to the ASHP.
HOSPITAL PHARMACY
BY SONG XIONG
Minnesota hospitals in 2003
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Full transcript