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Art During The American Revolution

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Sam H

on 25 November 2015

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Transcript of Art During The American Revolution

Art During The American Revolution
By Samantha Hano and Emily Bucco
Artwork in America
Artwork in America
Battle of Bunkers Hill [6]
Bust of George Washington [7]
Thomas Jefferson, 1786 [8]
The Defeat of the Floating Batteries at Gibraltar [9]
Artwork From the British Perspective
Examples of Artwork during the Revolution...
Artwork in America
This painting was created by John Trumball in 1786
What the Artwork Represents
Commonly depicted Ideologies
It represents the exact moment when the American colonists ran out of ammunition during the battle
At this moment the British were prevailing as General Warren of the colonists is shot in the head
Soldiers continue to fight while many others support the fallen general
Revolutionary War veteran and founder of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, William Rush, modeled this bust of George Washington for the Academys 6th annual exhibit
Portraits were the most common forms of artwork during this time as this portrait of Thomas Jefferson was painted by Mather Brown
This is the earliest known portrait of Thomas Jefferson, who contributed to the authorship of the Declaration of Independence, and was the third president of the United States
Brown painted the portrit in London during the spring of 1786. Jefferson paid 10 pounds for the painting, which he recieved in 1788.
Under Jefferson's presidency, the teritorial aquisition of the Louisiana Purchase also took place
This painting by John Singleton Copley depicts the defeat of the floating batteries at Gibraltar during the Great Siege of Gibraltar in 1782.
Much of the artwork created during the American revolution depicted battle scenes, including deaths of great generals, or portraits and sculptures of wealthy families and famous historical figures
Some paintings never actually took place but were the artists perception of important historical events
A lot of artwork was created or researched at the time of the events being depicted, as many artists were at the scene of the battle taking place, or part of the military themselves
Copley was commissioned by the City of London in 1783 to depict the victory of the Great Siege.
The painting was originally hung in the Common Council Chamber at Guildhall before being transferred to the original Guildhall Art Gallery in 1886.
Artwork created during the revolution, specifically that of certain events that occured, was a way for artists to express the rebellion happening all around them
Most artwork was meant to display the great leadership, luck, and sacfrafice of leaders and entire troops during the battles of the revolution
Since Rush had a familiarity with Washington, this likeness is said to be the most accurate in existence
There were many contradicting ideologies that were depicted through the artwork created as some artists supported war while others did not
Common ideaoloiges included:
Pragmatism- a practical way of approaching solutions and solving problems
Artwork painted by the American colonists and the British also could show the same scene, but from the two different points of view
Utilitarianism- the belief that the value of an action or thing is determined by how useful it is
Materialism- the belief that any physical object is the only reality, in which everything can be explained in physical terms
Egalitarianism- the belief in equal political, social, economic, and civil rights for everyone
Moderation- opposing extreme views and measures in relation to politics and religion
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