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Transcript of HILIGAYNON
The term "Hiligaynon" is derived from the Spanish term "Yliguenes", which is then derived from the Hiligaynon word "Iligan" or "Iliganon". From here are two divergent proposals of origin for the word. The first proposal puts forth that Iligan or "Iliganon" refers to a river, or literally "where the water flows down", and the Spanish were likely to have made this connection to the indigenous residents of Panay, who resided at the river mouth and were thus discovered easily by the Spanish. The second proposal puts forth that "Iligan" or "Iliganon" is derived from "manog-ilig sang kawayan", a phrase that describes bamboo poles that Panay men would float downriver in order to sell the poles.
According to a 2000 census, 7.5% of the national population is Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, compared to 28.1% Tagalog (the majority group).
Most Hiligaynon are Christians, with a majority of these Christians being Roman Catholics. There are also smaller populations of Hiligaynon who are Aglipayan, Protestant, and Muslim
Until the second half of the 20th century, Hiligaynon was widely written based on Spanish orthography consisting of 32 letters called ABECEDARIO:
A B C Ch D E F G H I J K L Ll M N Ng Ñ N͠g/Ng̃/Ñg O P Q R Rr S T U V W X Y Z
The core alphabet consists of 20 letters used for expressing consonants and vowels in Hiligaynon, each of which comes in an upper case and lower case variety.
The local economy of the Hiligaynon is mostly based on agriculture and fishing, as well as the production of woven cloths and crafts.
a. Rice and sugarcane are significant agricultural products that are produced in great volume.
Fishing has also been pursued since before the arrival of the Spanish, and has contributed to the native Hiligaynon cuisine and diet. Coastal towns in Iloilo have a strong fishing tradition, with sources of fish present in the Guimaras Strait.
In Iloilo, weaving based on local fibers is also a source of income, but to a lesser extent. Hand-loom weaving practices began historically among the Hiligaynon after trade with the Chinese introduced weaving materials.
Hiligaynon, often referred to as Ilonggo, is an Austronesian language spoken in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. Hiligaynon is concentrated in the provinces of Iloilo, Negros Occidental,Guimaras and Capiz,
Hiligaynon culture is part of the culture of the wider Visayan ethnic group, who constitute one of the largest Filipino ethnic groups.
The Dinagyang festival is celebrated every fourth Sunday of January in Iloilo City. The festival name is derived from the word dagyang meaning "merry-making". Modeled after Ati-atihan in Kalibo, Aklan, Dinagyang venerates the Santo Niño, and specifically commemorates the purchase of Panay Island from the indigenous Ati by 10 fleeing Bornean datus (chiefs). The Iloilo Paraw Regatta, held each year in February, also has goals for cultural preservation: the ships used in the regatta, the paraw, are traditional sailboats that have long been used by the Hiligaynon. Competitors in the Paraw Regatta are local fishermen, who compete in a week-long competition at sea, accompanied by a festival on land
Hiligaynon style Guinomis (sago in coconut syrup with toasted rice)
Common meals have fish and other seafood as a main component.
Several dishes of the Hiligaynon are well known to many Filipinos, and contribute to the local food culture of Iloilo City. La Paz batchoy is one such dish, composed of pork innards, liver, and heart in a broth with noodles and trimmings such as chicharon and garlic. Pancit molo is also a popular dish, a wonton soup with dumplings filled with pork, chicken, and shrimp, as well as trimmings of green onions and garlic.
Mernita I. Cristobal Dr. Epifania Goshioco
Ed. D Student Professor