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Editing in TV Drama
Transcript of Editing in TV Drama
When watching, the audience shouldn't have any awareness of the editing: it should be seamless
In the following clip, how much awareness of the editing do you have when watching? Shot / Reverse Shot Often used during conversations, shots are edited to alternate between two different people as they talk. The camera shot is often an over-the-shoulder shot and the pace of the editing often helps build up a momentum between the participants. Watch this example from friends to see the technique in action Cross Cutting Alternating between two scenes to show the action is happening at the same time. Causes the viewer to see links & connections between the two scenes. Action Match Action in one shot is continued in the next one. A smooth transition is very important and can only be achieved by cutting at precisely the right time Eyeline Match A character looks off-camera in one shot and the following shot shows what they were looking at. Helps build tension and intrigue. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FV7O9kOi6q Graphic Match Where two shots are linked by an object's shape or colour.
Remember the example from 2001: A Space Odyssey where the ape throws the bone into the air and then we see the spaceship falling down the screen to help indicate the journey man has undertaken?
In the clip this section is about 1:36 in Jump Cut Where one shot cuts to the next abruptly, seeming to "jump". You can see this in the following clip from Erin Brokovich: as the man throws stones there's an abrupt transition to show his anger, rage and despair and perhaps to illustrate that he's been there longer than we see on-screen Insert / cut-in and Cutaway The following video explains this technique in detail Fade in / out A scene starts with a black screen and then fades into a the first shot (fade in). The final shot of a scene fades into a black screen (fade out).
Often used to show something beginning or ending. Dissolve A transition between two shots where the second shot appears as the first one disappears, briefly melting the two together Long Take In a long take, the same shot will be used for a longer-than average amount of time, often to make the audience feel they're following a character on a journey Short Take A shot lasts for only a brief period before cutting to the next one. Used to increase the pace and therefore create drama, tension or excitement in a scene. Watch this clip from when James Bond gets into the car. Ellipsis Removing a section of the story to make the storytelling process quicker. E.g. a character makes a Doctor's appointment in scene A, in scene B something happens to another character, then in scene C the character returns with a diagnosis. The process of visiting the Doctor is taken away from the story. Superimposition An object or background is added to a scene digitally during the editing process. Editing Techniques