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Vaccination Prezi

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Sam Schlager

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Vaccination Prezi

Vaccination: Possibility of Autism? Sam Schlager and Alec Flood Controversy Research and... What we Found Conclusion Questions? Impact on Society Impact on Society (continued) Possibility of Autism What is a Vaccine? Vaccines What is the Point? What to know... Directly from the merriam-webster dictionary, a vaccine is: the preparation of killed microorganisms, living attenuated organisms, or living fully virulent organisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease. When children reach one year of age, it is recommended that they are given the MMR vaccination (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella). A vaccine consisting of attenuated Measles and Mumps, as well as a live strain of Rubella.

Upon injection, children's immune systems are activated and proceed to fight and adapt to the diseases, through the development of antibodies. In 1998, The Lancet (medical journal) reported apparent evidence that use of the MMR vaccination could lead to the development of autism spectrum disorders in children.

According to Andrew Wakefield (author) and others, there was a connection between measles and the development of Crohn's disease (inflammatory bowel disease). Additionally, there is a correlation between Crohn's disease and autism. In two separate articles by Madsen et al. and Mäkelä et al. extensive research in both Denmark and Norway, respectively, found no evidence to support the notion of a connection between the MMR vaccine and autism spectrum disorders. Ultimately, the findings by Wakefield were unfounded and manipulated for his own benefit. Further experimenting concluded that there was in fact, no correlation between the MMR vaccine and autism. Whilst there is no connection between the MMR vaccine and autsim, bombarding a child's immune system with three attenuated diseases does have physiological consequences.
In your opinion, even though it is not economical, does it make more sense to subject a developing child to each diseases individually rather than all three at once? Upon publishing of the article, the number of children being annually vaccinated with the MMR vaccine declined sharply within the span of only a few years. With the decline in MMR vaccines came several outbreaks in both measles and mumps in the following years. Later it was found that Wakefield et al. had manipulated data in the interest of protecting funding from solicitors who were looking for a reason to go after vaccine manufacturers

Additionally it was found that gastrointestinal symptoms were unrelated to the onset of autism. The Truth Work Cited: Madsen, K. M., M.D., Hviid, A., M.Sc., Vestergaard, M., M.D., Schendel, D., Ph.D., Wohlfahrt, J., M.Sc., Thorsen, P., M.D., ... Melbye, M., M.D. (2002). A Population-Based Study of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccination and Autism. A Population-Based Study of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella Vaccination and Autism. Retrieved January 28, 2012, from http://www.nejm.org.proxy.library.emory.edu/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa021134#t=articleTop

Eurosurveillance - View Article. (n.d.). Eurosurveillance - View Article. Retrieved from http://www.eurosurveillance.org/ViewArticle.aspx?ArticleId=18919
Neurologic Disorders After Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination. (2002). 110, 957-963. Retrieved from http://www.pediatricsdigest.mobi/content/110/5/957.short
R. (2010, November 16). Immunize For Good - How Vaccines Work. YouTube. Retrieved from Wakefield, A., Et al. (2000, April 01). Detection and Sequencing of Measles Virus from Peripheral Mononuclear Cells from Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Autism - Springer. Detection and Sequencing... Autism. Retrieved February 2, 2012, from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1005443726670?LI=true

Lee, J., Melgaard, B., Clements, C., Mulholland, E., Kane, M., & Olive, J. (1998, March 21). The Lancet : Articles in a new light. Autism, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and MMR Vaccine : The Lancet. Retrieved February 2, 2012, from http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(98)26012-0/fulltext

Neurologic Disorders After Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccination. (2002). 110, 957-963. Retrieved from http://www.pediatricsdigest.mobi/content/110/5/957.short Work Cited (continued): Fraud Revealed Work Cited (pictures): Deer, B. (2004, February 22). Exposed: Andrew Wakefield and the MMR-autism fraud. Andrew Wakefield. Retrieved from http://briandeer.com/mmr/lancet-summary.htm

Hughes, A. (2011, January 6). What can public health communicators learn from the autism/vaccine debate? Social Marketing ExChange. Retrieved from http://smexchange.ogilvypr.com/2011/01/what-can-public-health-communicators-learn-from-the-autismvaccine-debate/ Andrew Wakefield The Truth
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