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Decolonization of Kenya

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James Brown

on 3 October 2012

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Transcript of Decolonization of Kenya

1963 DECOLONIZATION OF KENYA MAU MAU UPRISING: 1952-1960, involving an anti-colonial Mau Mau group, challenging the colonial powers.
The movement was violently repressed by the British Army and anti-Mau Mau Kikuyu.
The conflict created a rift between the European colonial community in Kenya and the Home Office, and as such it set the stage for Kenyan independence. Background: British interest was land 1895/1920
Kikuyu opposition (1880-1900), Nandi Revolt, Giriama uprising
Uganda railway
7,000,000 acres expropriated for white farmers
Kikuyu forced into labour Chronology of Mau Mau uprising: 20 October 1952- State of emergency declared...may Mau Mau fled to to forests
25 March 1953- Lari massacre
January 1954- General China captured
April 1954- Operation Anvil (Nairobi)
18 January 1955- an amnesty offered (revoked later)
June 1956- Land reforms
21 October 1956- Dedan Kimathi captured Independence: The first direct elections for Africans to the Legislative Council took place in 1957
First Lancaster House Conference 1960
1963 KANU of Jomo Kenyatta formed a government
12 December 1963- Independence
12 December 1964- Republic of Kenya
British government bought out most white settlers Constitution: 1962 constitution established a 117-member house of representatives and a 41-member state
Quota system (for non-Africans) was abandoned
1964 (Republic), government was further centralised
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