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War on Drugs

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georgia baker

on 30 July 2013

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Transcript of War on Drugs

The United State's War on Drugs:
Between 1980 and 2011, arrests for drug offenses more than tripled, rising from 581,000 arrests in 1980 to 1,531,251 arrests in 2011
Nationwide, black men are incarcerated at 9.6 times the rate of white men, some places its even 26 times greater

Fast Facts
Did You Know?
The white population in the US is about 6x larger than the black population, and the rate of drug use is roughly comparable between the two, which means the number of white drug users is actually significantly higher than the number who are black.
Who is being targeted?
One in every 20 black men over the age of 18 is in a state or federal prison, compared to one in every 180 white men
Who is not being targeted?
What does this mean for Americans?
Transformation seen in cities and their police force
In the 1990s many cities began to transform their image in order to attract consumers
In Conclusion
There is clearly discrimination and racial profiling happening when it comes to the war on drugs. If police were to target college communities they would find that the stereotype of blacks being the primary drug abusers is wrong. White college students are using and abusing drugs, and getting away with it, at a much higher rate than blacks; many white students even believe that they can get away with doing drugs without any severe judicial consequences because of the leniency at their college. If colleges were monitored closely, the statistics regarding drug offenses would produce different results and the stereotype for blacks regarding drug use may significantly change
Are we targeting the wrong group?
The highest rate of current illicit drug use was among 18 to 20 year olds (23.1 percent), with the next highest rate among 21 to 25 year olds (20.5 percent)
Figure 2.7 Past Month Use of Selected Illicit Drugs among Young Adults Aged 18 to 25: 2002-2010
Between the ages of 16-25 is when most first use an illicit drug
Mean Age at First Use for Specific Illicit and non-medical drugs among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 to 49: 2010
"In all corners of New York State, police are targeting people of color for marijuana possession arrests"
“Arresting and jailing thousands of people for possessing small amounts of marijuana does not make safer streets. It only needlessly disrupts people’s lives and fosters distrust between the police and the communities they are sworn to serve.”
- New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) Executive Director Donna Lieberman
"Even though whites comprise 71 percent of individuals reporting lifetime illicit drug use and 66 percent of individuals reporting illicit drug use in the past year, approximately two-thirds of all individuals in prison for drug law violations are minorities"
''white male undergraduates at highly competitive schools—especially in the Northeast—are the most frequent collegiate users of neuroenhancers. Users are also more likely to belong to a fraternity or a sorority, and to have a G.P.A. of 3.0 or lower. They are ten times as likely to report that they have smoked marijuana in the past year, and twenty times as likely to say that they have used cocaine. In other words, they are decent students at schools where, to be a great student, you have to give up a lot more partying than they’re willing to give up"
White students are twice as likely as other students to report past-year abuse of prescription opioids (8.2 percent vs. 4.4 percent of Hispanic, 3.4 percent of black and 2.5 percent of Asian students) and stimulants (4.9 percent vs. 1.6 percent of black and 1.3 percent of Asian students).
Colleges and their surrounding communities often create or enhance an environment that enables or even promotes substance use and abuse among students. …Alcohol, controlled prescription drugs, illicit drugs and tobacco are readily available to students within colleges and universities as well as in their surrounding communities
2.3 million people are behind bars in this country- triple the amount we had in 1987
The Hamilton College student handbook addresses illegal drug possession and criminal charges this way:

“The College will offer no protection or immunity from prosecution by police agencies.”

Vige Barrie, a spokesman for the college, said despite what its student handbook states, Hamilton College has “communicated many times “ to students, “at orientation and in emails”, that some form of amnesty from prosecution would be in effect in drug overdose cases like the one involving Bongiovi

Amnesty or Good Samaritan Programs
Hobart and William Smith Colleges
When students make choices that violate the Colleges’ policies, an educational response is the ideal
approach to help students to think about their options and the decision-making process. However, when
there have been incidents that place the student and/or others at the risk of harm, or when there have been
repeated offenses, other steps, such as a referral to the Health Promotions Administrator and/or the Center for Counseling and Student Wellness, might be necessary.
Cornell University
It is imperative someone call for medical assistance when individual experiences severe intoxication or a serious injury after consuming alcohol or other drugs (AOD). Because these emergencies are potentially life-threatening, Cornell seeks to reduce barriers to seeking assistance. To this end, the Good Samaritan Protocol has been developed.
eliminates judicial consequences for students and/or organizations seeking assistance, the assisted individual, others involved.
applies when the allegations under the Campus Code of Conduct or organization’s policies involve: underage consumption of alcohol, use of drugs, disorderly conduct
Short list of other institutions
•Boston University
•Brown University
•Carnegie Mellon
•Clemson University
•Dartmouth College
•Florida State University
•Franklin & Marshall College
•George Washington University
•Harvard University
•Lehigh University
•Massachusetts Institute of Technology

•Northeastern University
•New York University
•Princeton University
•Southern Methodist University
•Union College
•University of Connecticut
•University of Georgia
•University of Texas
•Vanderbilt University
•Vassar College
•Washington College
•Wellesley College
•Yale University
The United States has less than 5 percent of the world's population. But it has almost a quarter of the world's prisoners.
There are 751 people in prison or jail for every 100,000 in population. (If you count only adults, one in 100 Americans is locked up)
During 2002-2006, an estimated 500,000 men and women entered prison on drug charges. Yet during that period, the proportion of persons age 12 and older who used illicit drugs remained essentially unchanged.
The U.S. spends an average of $30,000 a year to incarcerate an inmate, but the nation spends only an average $11,665 per public school student
Although Blacks comprise only 13% of the general population, 33% of all drug arrests are of Blacks, and they are more likely to be incarcerated upon conviction for drug offenses
To attract consumers, cities must adopt and enforce harsh policies in order to make a place more desirable
"Each of the techniques used to banish people in certain zones in Seattle enhances the territorial power of the police, heightens the use of status as a marker of criminality and combines forms of law in a hybrid fashion"
“broken window politics”: targeting disorder rather than crime
policies like "stop and frisk" disproportionately target blacks
To avoid getting stopped by the police, Mr. Carrasquillo does not walk through public housing complexes, even if it is the shortest route. He wears button-up shirts as often as possible. And he always carries his identification.
The use of racial profiling can erode trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve, which in turn can disrupt crime reporting and solving capabilities
http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/ucr/crime-in-the-u.s/2011/crime-in-the-u.s.-2011/persons-arrested/persons-arrested
http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=datool&surl=/arrests/index.cfm#
http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p11.pdf

page 8
http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/us0508_1.pdf
50.6 % white, 3.2% black students, student body: 18,306
44.2% white, 5.4% black students, student body: 8,885
38.2% white, 4.8% black students, student body: 5,998
84% white, 6% black students, student body: 16,562
55% white, 7.9% black students, student body: 4,147
68.4% white, 6.1% black students, student body: 2,324
62% white, 7% black students, student body: 9,500
45% white, 7% black students, student body: 6,658
70% white, 6% black students, student body: 4,883
37% white, 6% black students, student body: 4,503
52% white, 3% black students, student body: 16,685
40% white, 5% black students, student body: 22,498
49% white, 7% black students, student body: 5,336
75% white, 4% black students, student body: 2,241
63% white, 8% black students, student body: 6,796
62% white, 6% black students, student body: 2,406
82% white, 3% black, student body: 1,512
44% white, 6% black students, student body: 2,481
47% white, 7% black, student body: 5,405
http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/us0508_1.pdf

page 43
http://www.samhsa.gov/data/nsduh/2k10nsduh/2k10results.htm#Ch2
http://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/usa/Rcedrg00-01.htm#P179_32170
http://www.drugpolicy.org/sites/default/files/DPA_Exit%20Strategy_Federal%20Legislative%20Guide.pdf

page 16
http://www.aclu.org/files/assets/aclu-thewaronmarijuana-rel2.pdf

page 48
None of the Historically Black Colleges and Universities have Good Samaritan or Amnesty programs
66% white, 6% black, student body: 6,249
68% white, 9% black, student body: 32,171
74% White, 7% black, student body: 25,249
65% white, 6% black, student body: 17,528
49% white, 4% black, student body: 39,955
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