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Human Cloning Presentation
Transcript of Human Cloning Presentation
Society How it Works In the most basic terms cloning is copying biological material. The word "cloning" today is most likely related to the idea of artificially creating an organism that is identically genetically identical to another organism. There are three different technologies associated with cloning:
1. Reproductive- making animal or plants with same nuclear DNA.
2. Therapeutic- making reserve cells
3. Recombinant DNA cloning-making any copies of a gene. Quick Facts Donor Risk Pro #1 Human Cloning In order to perform human cloning that means that it would
have to be tested on a human. Genetic tailoring of the
offspring would occur if human's were to be cloned. Ethical debates arise from this due to the fact that tampering with these genes tamper with "Mother Nature." Con #2 Emotional
Effects Pro #2 Cloning is an expensive process. Large amounts of money and biologically expert are need to research and perform cloning experiments. Even with the expensive technology the success rate is still very low, 2-3% in some cases. Con #1 Definition of human cloning: copy of another human without reproduction.
It is not an exact copy of the genetic material of the donor of the original genetic material.
A clone would not have a biological mother and father.
In Great Britain it is legal to use cloning for therapeutic purposes. Reasons for human cloning:
Medical breakthroughs- for example finding cures for cancer and heart attacks.
Medical tragedies- for burn victims for those who many need organ transplants.
To cure infertility
Reproductive cloning can allow sterile individuals with genetically related children who would otherwise not be able to have children. As result of cloning there has been a breakthrough in the creation of human stem cells. These cells can be used to produce organs and tissues. Also diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's can be benefited from the use of embryonic stem cells. Cloning would take emotional toll on society in many ways. Cloning would take away our desire for uniqueness and individuality. The clones themselves would be without birth parents which could create psychological problems. If cloning is used in medical settings to produce effective cures and treatments for diseases and ailments that would otherwise result in death would allow people to live longer lives. This would pose a problem in society because overpopulation would occur and resources would be depleted at a faster rate. Experimenting with living humans can result in negative health problems in the donor of the cloning material. The surgery to donate eggs is considered a high risk surgery. Hormones and medications are used prior to donating that can increase the negative health effects.