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Endangered Species

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by

Jose Garcia

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of Endangered Species

Endangered European Species
Natterjack Toads
Iberian Lynx
Madeira Pipistrelles
Heathlands
Marshes
Vernal pools
HABITATS
lowland heath occur mainly in northwest Europe.
Sand dunes & salty marshes
waterlogged environment; stays soggy even if no pools of standing water
remain dry part of year; fill with rainfall or snow melt.
Provide unique habitat for a number of rare invertebrates & amphibians.
Four Endangered Species of Europe
*Today, around 15 percent of Europe's animal species are endangered by habitat loss, pollution, over-exploitation, and competition from invasive species (National Geographic-education).
Coastlines
Characteristics:
loudest amphibian in Europe!
yellow line down back
short legs; can't swim well or hop
burrow & hibernate from Nov-May
Found:
Western Europe along coast; very rare in UK, Ireland & Scotland
Coastal dunes, marshes, heathlands, vernal pools.
Threatened By....
Human impact
Drained wetlands
Global warming
Pollution
light, sandy soils
References
http://www.wildlifetrusts.org/species/natterjack-toad
http://www.snh.org.uk/pdfs/education/natterjacktoad.pdf
http://pic1.gophoto.us/key/mediterranean%20monk%20seal%20pup
http://www.monachus-guardian.org/mguard25/2514mednew.htm
http://www.monachus-guardian.org/factfiles/medit01.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_monk_seal#mediaviewer/File:9096_-_Milano_-_Museo_storia_naturale_-_Diorama_-_Foca_Monaca_-_Foto_Giovanni_Dall%27Orto_22-Apr-2007.jpg
http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=27
http://www.arkive.org/mediterranean-monk-seal/monachus-monachus/
http://www.pbs.org/odyssey/odyssey/20040707_log_transcript.html
http://www.bagheera.com/inthewild/van_anim_monkseal.htm
http://www.monachus-guardian.org/factfiles/medit01.htm
http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=27
http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/species/profiles/mammals/iberian_lynx/
http://www.arkive.org/iberian-lynx/lynx-pardinus/
http://www.arkive.org/madeira-pipistrelle/pipistrellus-maderensis/
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/17315/0



Questions

Small bat characterized with short, broad ears. Uniformed brownish coat.
Fewer that 1000 left!

#1
#3
#4
Castlemaine Harbour, Ireland
Mediterranean Monk Seals
Restricted to the island of
Madeira, Portugal
& the island of Tenerife
of the Canary Islands.
Preferred Habitats
These mammals forage over
aquatic habitats.
Lakes
Ponds
Wetlands
Sea-Cliff
Crevices

Historical Location
Present Location
Status:
ls considered one of the most endangered mammals in the world.
400 left in the wild!
Once widespread throughout the Mediterranean and the Black Sea coastline.
Past Habitat: The Beach
Scattered along islands in the Aegean Sea and also found on the southern coast of Turkey and Greece.
Habitat: Cliff-Bound Coasts
Habitat: Sea Caves
Sea Caves
Hunting
Pollution
Disturbance by Humans/Tourism
Is particularly sensitive to human disturbance.
Lost its beach habitat to human development and tourism.
Tourism brings increased beach use, boat traffic, and overfishing.
Why Are They Endangered?
Fisherman perceive the species as a pest and competitor for fish.
Fishing Nets
Oil spills.
Human waste and trash.
Industrial and agricultural pollution flows into the Mediterranean.
Which of the following is NOT a contributing factor that caused the decline of the Mediterranean Monk Seal?

a. Pollution
b. Hunting
c. Climate Change
d. Human Disturbance/Tourism
open with low shrubs
#2
A geographical habitat where you could find a Natter jack toad?
a. Deciduous forest
b. Maqui terrain
c. Vernal pool
d. Moorlands


Specimen Profile
Habitat
Why Should We Care??
Scientific Name: Lynx Pardinus
Can live up to 13 years in the wild
Prefer solitary hunting
Mostly depend on rabbits for survival
Mediterranean Forests
Woodlands
Scrubs
Threat Factors
Found all over Spain with a population of more than 5000 individuals recorded in 1950
Provide excellent cover since Lynx hunt alone
When they're in bigger numbers, they gather by bodies of water.
The Iberian Lynx is a keystone species
Regulates populations of other species
Would be the first cat to go extinct in over 2000 years
Intervention
Captive breeding program
Lobbying for habitat protection
Decreasing
Food Base
Habitat loss and Degradation
Hunting
Car hits
Account for 5% loss
Hunted for its fur
Trophy prize
80% loss since 1950 due to
dams
roads
rail-roads
Favorite meal loss due to disease
Cannes, France
Major Threats
Loss of natural Habitats
Agricultural Pesticides
True or false: Some animal species are threatened due to isolation.
True/False
There are many different types of endangered animals, spread throughout Europe.
Many geographical factors contribute to the success of European wildlife species.
Continual geographic changes and other negative influences are threatening their survival.
Conservation and protective measures will determine outcomes.
Tourism
The pipistrelle are endangered due to isolation. These animals are restricted to islands. As Tenerife and Madeira undergo changes to better the community, it threatens the wildlifes habitats.



Island species are especially vulnerable to extinction because they have a small geographic range. They are limited to the island or a particular part of the island, and they usually have low population numbers. These factors make them more likely to become extinct as a result of natural factors such as disease, fire, and normal population fluctuations.
Island Biogeography
Conservation
What is the primary meal of the Iberian Lynx?
A. Alligators
B. Rabbits
C. cattle
Breeding Boxes
Protected by law
$ incentives
-Urban sprawl, Ag, tourism, etc.
http://www.google.com/earth/explore/products/plugin.
Full transcript