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Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre
Transcript of Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre
Examples of Theatre
Spaces and Stages
Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre
* Began on February 1st 1603 (This was the first kabuki performance
* On February 13th 1629 Woman are banned from Kabuki
* On February 13th 1648 no silk costumes are used.
* On July 13th 1652, young boys are forbidden from doing Kabuki theater.
* On October 19th 1670 the number of kabuki theaters in the city of Edo is set to four by authorities.
* The four theaters had their own separate names: Nakamura-za, Ichimura-za, Morita-za, and the Yamamura-za
*All these theaters are also known as –za theaters because of the –za they end with
* February 19th 1673 marked
the start of kumadori make up
* Kumadori is still used even in the show
One Piece, which is a popular anime in Japan
* In 1742, a typhoon hits Edo Ich. And Naka.
Have to stop their performances and evacuate everyone
Since this time, plenty of theatres are used for Kabuki
* The difference between noh and kabuki is that kabuki is mostly dance drama, and Noh stresses the elements of Japanese art and culture. It’s very interesting. Many of the same aspects
* Actors ALWAYS wore masks in Noh theater
* Noh originated in the 14th century
* Developed with Kyogen which is a comical performance done during the interludes of a main noh performance
* Noh and Kabuki are still relevant to the theater community today, and are great works of art.
* Noh and Kabuki also have very cool, and almost unusual seeming art styles to the average American’s eye. It is very interesting to see a show of either of these styles of plays
*Noh and Kabuki are performed all over the world and all of the shows are just fantastic no matter what culture you come from! It is a great looking experience.
Are these forms of theater still relevant and popular?
*Avant- grande style
*Schiku Costume-1895/ Otani brothers
*Costumes tend to be extravagant, sumptuous and colorful.
*The contemporary nature
*Costumes may include:
Womans ceremonial costume
Mans ceremonial costume
*The Fondation Pierre Berge- Yves Saint Laurent
Pure white: main characters
Mie pose: intense emotion
Do not wear masks
Elevating a character to mythic status
Defining the actions of a character
Reveal invisible qualities about themselves
Karaori- womans kimono
Kannami/ Zeami- modest
Azuchi Momoyama period- 1558-1600- higher standard
Kahatsu- kazura (wig)
Kaburi- eboshi (hat), tengan (headdress)
Uwagi- worn over kimono; nosh(imperial robe), happi (festival coat), maiginu (dancing shawl)
Kitsuke- (short sleeve kimono) surihaku
Uwagi/ Kitsuke: (outer kimono) Karaori (womans kimono)
Hakama: (Trausers) okuchi
Small items used for tying things on: Kazura-obi
13th century, used to be strictly religious
“Field- music performance”
14th century, opera
1645- military ruler Tokugawa lemitsu; ordered no variations
Bamboo- country life
Expensive costumes- gifts
Mask were only worn by the main character
Up to the actors to bring it to life.
The Pitt Rivers Museum- 54 Noh Masks
Style of masks have barely changed
Kabuki Stage Continued
Noh Stage Continued
* Elizabeth England
*Okuni- 17th Century
*Prostitutes- Tokugawa Shogunate
*Hanamichi- cat walk
*Chikamatsu Monzaeon (1653-1724)- bunkranu puppet plays
*Ichikawa Danjuro- Continues to this day
*Oyama- female roles (Yoshizawa Ayame I)
*Meji Restoration of 1868- abolished feminine persona even in the private l
*Kamite- high ranking
*Shimote- low ranking
*Arrogato- rough style
*Shin- Kabukiza- Theater in Tokyo
*Hakataza theater: 2 runs per year Feb. and June
*2 or 3 segments (afternoon and evening)
*Oldest existing form of theater.
*Izumi Motoya: first female
*Commoners were prohibited to learn the music and dances.
*Nobility assumed the role of sponsor.
*Song, dialogue, music and dance
*Kyogen- comic relief
5 types of Noh plays:
*Cushion on floor
*Square stage with roof supported by pillars
*National Noh Theater
*2 or 3 segments
*Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine- outdoors