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Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre

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by

Kaila Mohr

on 22 November 2016

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Transcript of Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre

Kabuki
Stagecraft
History
Noh
Examples of Theatre
Spaces and Stages
Compare and Contrast Noh and Kabuki Theatre
* Kōken
* Kuroko
* Began on February 1st 1603 (This was the first kabuki performance


* On February 13th 1629 Woman are banned from Kabuki


* On February 13th 1648 no silk costumes are used.
* On July 13th 1652, young boys are forbidden from doing Kabuki theater.

* On October 19th 1670 the number of kabuki theaters in the city of Edo is set to four by authorities.

* The four theaters had their own separate names: Nakamura-za, Ichimura-za, Morita-za, and the Yamamura-za

*All these theaters are also known as –za theaters because of the –za they end with

* February 19th 1673 marked
the start of kumadori make up
Nakamuraza
Ichimuraza Theater
Moritaza
Yamamura-za
Kumadori
* Kumadori is still used even in the show
One Piece, which is a popular anime in Japan
* In 1742, a typhoon hits Edo Ich. And Naka.
Have to stop their performances and evacuate everyone
Since this time, plenty of theatres are used for Kabuki

* The difference between noh and kabuki is that kabuki is mostly dance drama, and Noh stresses the elements of Japanese art and culture. It’s very interesting. Many of the same aspects

* Actors ALWAYS wore masks in Noh theater

* Noh originated in the 14th century

* Developed with Kyogen which is a comical performance done during the interludes of a main noh performance
History Continued
* Noh and Kabuki are still relevant to the theater community today, and are great works of art.

* Noh and Kabuki also have very cool, and almost unusual seeming art styles to the average American’s eye. It is very interesting to see a show of either of these styles of plays

*Noh and Kabuki are performed all over the world and all of the shows are just fantastic no matter what culture you come from! It is a great looking experience.
Are these forms of theater still relevant and popular?
Kabuki Costumes
*Avant- grande style​

*Schiku Costume-1895/ Otani brothers​

*Costumes tend to be extravagant, sumptuous and colorful.​

*The contemporary nature​

*Costumes may include:​
Kimono​
Womans ceremonial costume​
Mans ceremonial costume​
Samuri Costumes​

*The Fondation Pierre Berge- Yves Saint Laurent​
Make-Up
Kesho:​
Pure white: main characters​
Brown:Servants​
Kumadori:​
Red: good​
Blue: bad​
Mie pose: intense emotion​
Do not wear masks​
Exotic make-up: ​
Elevating a character to mythic status​
Defining the actions of a character​
Reveal invisible qualities about themselves​
Costumes
Karaori- womans kimono​

Kannami/ Zeami- modest​

Azuchi Momoyama period- 1558-1600- higher standard​

7 categories:​

Kahatsu- kazura (wig)​
Kaburi- eboshi (hat), tengan (headdress)​
Uwagi- worn over kimono; nosh(imperial robe), happi (festival coat), maiginu (dancing shawl)​
Kitsuke- (short sleeve kimono) surihaku​
Uwagi/ Kitsuke: (outer kimono) Karaori (womans kimono)​
Hakama: (Trausers) okuchi​
Small items used for tying things on: Kazura-obi
13th century, used to be strictly religious​
“Field- music performance”​
14th century, opera​
Sarugatu​
1645- military ruler Tokugawa lemitsu; ordered no variations​
Bamboo- country life​
Expensive costumes- gifts​
Mask were only worn by the main character
Masks
5 Categories: ​
Gods​
Demons​
Men​
Woman​
Elderly​
Up to the actors to bring it to life. ​
Light​
The Pitt Rivers Museum- 54 Noh Masks​

Style of masks have barely changed​
*Tokyo-1870’s
Kabuki Stage
Kabuki Stage Continued
Noh Stage
Noh Stage Continued
* Elizabeth England​

*Okuni- 17th Century​

*Prostitutes- Tokugawa Shogunate​

*Hanamichi- cat walk​

*Chikamatsu Monzaeon (1653-1724)- bunkranu puppet plays​

*Ichikawa Danjuro- Continues to this day ​

*Oyama- female roles (Yoshizawa Ayame I)​

*Meji Restoration of 1868- abolished feminine persona even in the private l
*Scenic backdrops​

*Trapdoors​

*Kamite- high ranking​

*Shimote- low ranking​

*Arrogato- rough style​

*Shin- Kabukiza- Theater in Tokyo​

*Hakataza theater: 2 runs per year Feb. and June​
Rural towns ​

*2 or 3 segments (afternoon and evening) ​

*Oldest existing form of theater. ​

*Izumi Motoya: first female​

*Commoners were prohibited to learn the music and dances.​

*Nobility assumed the role of sponsor. ​

*Song, dialogue, music and dance​

*Kyogen- comic relief ​

5 types of Noh plays:​

*Gods​
*Warriors​
*Beautiful females​
*Crazy women​
*Demons
*Cushion on floor​

*Square stage with roof supported by pillars

*National Noh Theater​

*2 or 3 segments​

*Tokyo Yasukuni Shrine- outdoors
Full transcript