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Transcript of Road Map
How to overcome youth related barriers
How to properly job search
How to write a resume and cover letter
Preparing for an interview
Hard and soft skills
What are barriers?
Barriers are events or restrictions that limit or obstruct someone from achieving their goals
Personal and Financial Barriers
The most difficult of all barriers because they prevent people from making positive choices
Personal and financial barriers go hand in hand
It is important for a person to have a reliable source of transportation to and from work
Explore transportation resources available in the community
Many young workers say there age is being held against them
Employers who hire teens recognize that they lack the experience and skills of more mature applicants
Employers look for applicants who are:
- Reliable - Trustworthy
- Punctual - Self motivated
- Positive - Willing to learn
- Good oral and written communication skills
No work history? No problem
Getting a job can be difficult especially when you don't have any work experience but everything in life has history and skills to report
State extracurricular activities
Employers may want a person with no work experience
Do not feel embarrassed by your lack of experience. Everyone has to start somewhere!
Having a criminal background be a difficult barrier to overcome but it is not impossible
Be ready and prepared to talk about your incarceration in an interview
ATTITUDE is everything! It will influence the interviewers perspective of you. Show who you are as a person and don't try to be someone you are not
Low Self Esteem
Self-Esteem is confidence and satisfaction in oneself
Low self esteem keeps a person from showing there confidence and independence to the employers
Many first time job seekers end their job search early on out of frustration and low self esteem
Set a Goal
Goals can help provide direction
People who set goals do much better then people who have no sense of direction
They are important and will guide you to a better future and also succeeding
Job searching is very critical and can be stressful
In order to job search one must know:
-How to properly look for employment
-Where to go to look for employment
-Who do you contact?
How to properly look for employment?
Virtual networks that
contain numerous employers
and job openings
Printed news that also displays job openings
Communication amongst peers
Career centers located at high schools or colleges
Examples of where to go to look for employment?
To look for employment a person can:
Go to websites such as Caljobs.ca.gov, Csb-win.org, Careerbuilder.com, Indeed.com, Monster.com, Snag-a-job.com, etc.
Read the newspaper
Local one stop career centers
Who do you contact?
When contacting employers either in person or on the phone, always remember to first ask for the manager.
By asking for the manager you will be provided with a definite response to any job openings they may have available.
This also gives the manager a first impression of the type of person that is interested in working with their company.
Use hard stock paper in White, Ivory, Tan, or light pastel colors
Length should be one page total (if possible)
Use "bullet" and action verbs
Use a simple font, avoid fancy or unusual styles
Do not add any personal information such as age, height, and marital status
Check for spelling and grammar errors
Basic Parts of a Resume
- This section tells the employer your employment goal and the position you are seeking
Sample: "Seeking a responsible, general office, position in a large organization."
- This section is essential because it states whether you are qualified for the position. Include 3-6 bullets stating specific skills you have.
Excellent customer service skills
Work well with others
Basic Parts of a Resume
Employment History Section
This section describes work experience you had in the past. Organize jobs in reverse chronological order from recent to past.
State the company name, position or type of work, dates, location and also state specific duties.
Rancho Cucamonga, CA
Babysitter 5 years
Caring for children
Responsible for the childs safety/health
Conducting activities to maximize time spent with child
Basic Parts of a Resume
This section states your education. The most recent school should go first. Include name of school, location, dates attended, and either a degree, diploma or certificate received or working towards.
Chaffey College Rancho Cucamonga, CA
Associated Degree in Kinesiology Expected May 2013
Ontario High School Ontario, CA
High School Diploma May 2010
The Cover Letter
What is a Cover Letter?
Cover letters "cover" and enhance your resume
When writing a cover letter should:
Personalize your letters with an employer
Emphasize type of employment you are seeking
Show the employer that you know something about the company
Cover letters give you the competitive edge
Should be typed on 8.5 by 11 paper
Resume paper and cover letter should be of the same color and quality
Should be less then one page
First paragraph state your purpose
Second paragraph stress how you would be a great fit for the job
Third paragraph ASK for an interview
Sample Cover Letter
Preparing For An Interview
Dress to Impress
At an interview it is always good to dress professionally
Ways to look professional are:
Being professional and business like
Being well groomed
Light make up and perfume
No flashy jewelry
Men should wear suit, slacks, shirt, tie, and dress shoes
Women wear a blouse, skirt, slacks, blazer, heels or flats
Examples of Proper Interview Attire
What to say in an interview
During an interview it is always best to answer questions honestly. If you are unsure about a question, ask the interviewer politely to repeat the question
Speak politely and appropriately of past employers and coworkers
Tell the interviewer why you would be the best fit for the position
Why Employers DO NOT Hire Students
Employers Do Not hire students that lack planning for careers, goals, or purposes
Lack interest and enthusiasm
Do not know about the company they are applying for
Are not dressed to impress
Poor grammar skills
Unwillingness to start from the bottom
Fails to look interviewer in the eyes
Does not give a strong firm handshake
Sloppy written application
Inability to take criticism
Late to interview without good reason
Letters of Recommendation
At your interview it is best to along with your resources bring 3 letters of recommendation
Make sure your letters of recommendation are conducted by non-family members
The interviewer wants to see through past employers, teachers, professors, coaches, etc,
What Questions to Expect During An Interview
1) Tell me something about yourself?
This is when you explain to the interviewer reasons why you believe your skills and background are good for the job
2) We have many qualified applicants. Why should we hire you?
Explain to the interviewer that you believe your experience and interest in the job will lead to you handling the job very well
3) Why did you leave your last job?
Give a brief explanation if there were problems but try not to speak negatively about past employers and coworkers
4) Why do you want to work for our company?
Research the company prior to the interview because employers like to believe you care about their company
5) Do you have any questions for me? Is there anything you would like to add?
Always ask a question to sell yourself with a good closing. Your closing can summarize your strengths and qualifications, express your interest in the company.
The 30 Second Commercial
What is a 30 second commercial?
Also known as an "elevator speech", the commercial is your first chance to introduce yourself to someone and give them a short synopsis of your skills and experience with the goal of getting them to ask you for more information.
Who am I? What value do I bring to the company based upon your strengths and qualities and proven accomplishments?
End your commercial with a question that will stimulate further action and/or referral
Things to do
Focus on your strengths and assets
Mention the type of industry that you are interested in
Use your 30-second commercial when leaving voicemails for contacts and recruiters
Have more than one version
When closing, ask a question
Practice, Practice, Practice!
Last things to remember at an interview...
First sentence: Include your name, your school, your degree, and major. More experienced individuals want to introduce themselves and then begin with the middle sentence.
Middle sentences: State your relevant experience. For example mention your employer, your role, the skills you used and developed as well as the accomplishments and results you are proud of. Mention your future career goals.
After you have engaged the contact in conversation, don't forget to ask for a referral by saying something like "Do you have any advice for me or can you suggest any other people I should contact?"
1. Be on time
2. Do not bring family and friends
3. Thank the interviewer
4. Write a thank you letter
5. Most importantly just be yourself!
Soft skills vs. Hard skills
Soft skills are interpersonal, or people skills. These are the people skills needed to be successful when working with co-workers, customers and clients
Hard skills are required skills needed to perform a job. They include learned skills and training related to your career. Usually identified by tests or exams.
What are soft skills?
Soft skills vs. Hard skills
Example: Skills such as the ability to network, communication skills, work ethic, professionalism, and motivation
Example: Skills that require knowledge of computers, writing, speaking a second language, or operating a machine
How do you get soft skills?
Join a club
Presented by Iza Felix
The Job Search