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WWII Homefront

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by

sean cunningham

on 14 March 2016

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Transcript of WWII Homefront

WWII

Homefront

and
Prejudice

posters
Much like WWI -
the homefront campaign
was vital in supporting the
war effort and sustaining patriotism
posters
posters
posters

established ceilings on wages and prices
set limits on increases
imposed rationing of essential goods to keep Americans from buying too much of certain products
Est. to ensure fair distribution of scarce goods
borrowed and taxed large sums from Americans
Office of Price Administration (OPA)

established ceilings on wages and prices
set limits on increases

imposed
rationing
of essential goods to keep Americans from buying too much of certain products
(
save for war)
ensured fair distribution of scarce goods
borrowed and taxed large sums from Americans
Office of Price Administration
(OPA)
WAR PRODUCTIONS BOARD WPB
Worked to control economy & maximize war production
Directed conversion of factories to war production
assigned priorities for the use of raw materials and transportation facilities
Rationed fuel , rubber, metal , plastics
Organized nationwide drive to collect scrap iron, paper , other recyclable materials
by 1944, the production for military needs was supplying more than the government needed
posters
posters
posters
Guilt Anyone
posters
Opportunity
For women
and African Americans, WWII
provided new chances and
motivation to seek equality
Rosie the Riveter
Women manned the factories while the men went off to fight.

Helped lay the foundation for women’s rights in the work world and helped us win the war…..

6 million women
Rosie
Women’s Army Corps
WAVES
- Navy branch
Volunteer , female, department of U.S. military
created during WWII
Women served in noncombatant positions
Nurses , ambulance drivers, radio operators, electricians, clerical positions
WAC
posters
Double Victory campaign: Victory against dictators abroad, and racism at home
Some victories: more job opportunities,
increased migration to North and West (esp. CA)
Still, much racism: pay inequality, discriminated in housing, in public facilities
African-Americans During War
Issued by FDR
To head off a protest march
Organized by A. Phillip Randolph
“Negro March on Washington”
Meant to end racial discrimination in defense industries and government jobs
Created the
Fair Employment Practices Commission

Prevented hiring discrimination practices against blacks seeking employment in war industries
Executive Order 8802
American military leaders unjustly regarded Japanese Americans as a threat to the security of the West Coast
Gave war department authority to declare “military areas”
Set curfews for Japanese Americans
Forced thousands into internment camps
limited civil rights of Japanese Americans
1942: Executive Order 9066
FDR
IMPACT of Homefront?
1. Industrial Production
War Production Board (later: Office of War Mobilization)
By 1944, war production double that of all Axis powers

Results:
end of Depression;
consolidation of U.S. industry
MOBILIZING THE ECONOMY
Effects of War Spending
Effective Propaganda
Wartime Army Camps, Naval Bases, and Airfields
Urbanization
Migration to West, esp. California
rapid industrialization of some western states (California)
South –military posts and defense installations
EFFECTS ON THE HOMEFRONT: IMPACT ON SOCIETY: Demographic Shifts
Employees in the Executive Branch, 1901–1995
New Deal programs - partially eliminated (Ex: WPA, CCC).
Vast expansion of power for federal government
Election of 1944
FDR ran for unprecedented fourth term
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS: EXPANSION OF GOVERNMENT POWER
Population shift
1940-1950
Full transcript