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Abstinence Plus vs. Abstinence Only Education

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Anna Malcom

on 12 March 2013

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Transcript of Abstinence Plus vs. Abstinence Only Education

A Statistical Study Abstinence Plus
vs Abstinence Only Education Statistics Supporting Abstinence Only Where are the REAL problems? Abstinence Only Education Concerned Women for America, the Eagle Forum, the Family Research Council, Focus on the Family, the Heritage Foundation, the Medical Institute for Sexual Health (MISH), the National Coalition for Abstinence Education, and STOP Planned Parenthood International
Only one peer reviewed article in the past 10 years endorsing the program
Studies don't have to be completed by actual doctors
Results can't be confirmed by another group
Conflict of interest
Morality, inappropriate topic, character
Sex before marriage raises risks of poverty, tobacco abuse, alcohol abuse, and gang related activity
Receives federal funding if they agree to only teach that "a monogamous relationship within the context of marriage," is the only healthy form of a sexual relationship while sex outside of marriage is likely to be "psychologically and physically harmful,"
Over $250 million
Disproportionally allocated to Georgia, Texas, Arizona, and Florida Abstinence Plus Promotes choice
Acknowledges most people eventually become sexually active
Discusses birth control methods, abortion, STI's, and sexual orientation
Does not receive federal funding Abstinence Only Promotes abstinence only
Does not acknowledge most people will become sexually active
Does not discuss birth control methods, abortion, or sexual orientation
Focuses on family ideals and character
Does receive federal funding Study from 2001 (Columbia) minority students who pledged virginity held their pledge longer than students who did not
Study from 2001 (National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy) more religious students likely to delay having sex
Other studies cannot be considered statistically accurate because they are not peer reviewed and therefore considered unreliable in the scientific and medical field Abstinence Plus Education Also known as comprehensive education
SIECUS, Advocates for Youth, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Medical Association, the American Public Health Association, the National Education Association, the National Medical Association, the National School Boards Association, and the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Provides more information on STI/ HIV prevention, contraception, abortion, and sexually orientation
Pays respect to diverse student population
Acknowledges half of high schools are sexually active
Does not receive any funding
Discusses abstinence just as thoroughly as abstinence only education
Does not encourage students to initiate sexual activity at an earlier age Statistics Supporting Abstinence Plus Study from 2012 (CDC) reported Mississippi has the highest birthrate among teenage girls (a state with abstinence only education) and New Hampshire has the lowest (a state with abstinence plus education)
Study from 2010 (CDC) reported states with abstinence plus education had the lowest rates of gonorrhea and chlamydia infection in adolescent population
Study from 2011 (Guttmacher)
Abstinence only and abstinence plus delay first sex by the same percent
Contraceptive use higher among females who recieved abstinence plus
Unprotected sex higher among females who received abstinence only
Study from 2004 (Kaiser Foundation) most Americans want abstinence plus education in high schools
Study from 2007 (National Women's Law Center) 71% of Americans wanted females to know they could obtain birth control pills without a parent's consent
Study from 2007 (American Journal of Public Health) 86% of the decline in teen pregnancies between 1995 and 2002 is due to improved contraceptive use

Medically Accurate Only 12 states require medically accurate information be taught in sexual education class
A 43-day-old fetus is a "thinking person.”
HIV can be spread via sweat and tears.
Half of gay male teenagers in the United States have tested positive for HIV.
Pregnancy can result from touching another person’s genitals.
Condoms fail to prevent HIV transmission as often as 31 percent of the time in heterosexual intercourse.
Women who have an abortion "are more prone to suicide."
As many as 10 percent of women who have an abortion become sterile.
Illegal and a human right's violation
Funding A 1/3 of the US fund for world wide HIV was earmarked for abstinence only education in the States
The majority of the funding goes to religious groups which is a direct violation of the First Amendment
The Silver Ring Thing required participants to quote the Bible and sign a covenant "before God" to remain abstinent
A fund for abstinence only education reserved for people ages 18 to 29 (90% are already sexually active)
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