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Copy of History III Study Prezi

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Tan Ze Wang

on 3 July 2013

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Transcript of Copy of History III Study Prezi

History III
19th Century to Present

19th Century Instrumental Music
Violin Concerto in E Minor op. 64 - first movement
La Campanella
19th Century Vocal Music
Dichterliebe
Ein deutsches Requiem
North American Composers
The Contented House
Picasso Suite
Vltava, "The Moldau"
Romeo and Juliet Overture
La traviata
Die Walküre
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street
Electric Counterpoint
20th Century European Composers
Symphony No. 4 in G Major
Jeux d'eau
Concerto for Orchestra
Romeo and Juliet Suite No. 2 op.64c
Pierrot lunaire op, 21
Wozzeck
Symphony op, 21
Quatour pour la fin du temps
Atmosphères
Cantate Domino canticum novum
Performers on the World Stage,
Past and Present

Oscar Peterson
Glenn Gould
Joni Mitchell
Renée Fleming
Wynton Marsalis
Felix Mendelssohn
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Franz Liszt
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Robert Schumann
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Johannes Brahms
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Giuseppe Verdi
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Richard Wagner
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Maurice Ravel
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Béla Bartók
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Sergei Prokofiev
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Arnold Schoenberg
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Olivier Messiaen
Life
Musical Styles & Contributions
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Musical Style & Accomplishments
Genres & Titles
Bedřich Smetana
Pyotr Il'yich
Tchaikovsky

Gustav Mahler
Alban Berg
Anton Webern
György Ligeti
Arvo Pärt
Jean Coulthard
Harry Somers
Stephen Sondheim
Steve Reich
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847) was born in Hamburg, Germany. His intellectual and musical Jewish family includes grandfather Moses, a rabbi and philosopher; father Abraham, a merchant banker; and mother Lea, who supervised Felix and his siblings' musical education. His older sister Fanny was a talented pianist and composer. His family later converted to Christianity for political and social concerns.

Mendelssohn started studying piano with Marie Bigot in Paris at age 7. At age 10 he is studying musical theory with the director of the Berlin Singakademie, Carl Friedrich Zelter. He met Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at age 12, and Franz Liszt and Luigi Cherubini at age 16. He was also a gifted painter and linguist. He composed masterpieces like Octet for strings and Overture to A Midsummer Night's Dream while still in his teens.
Mendelssohn began studying law and aesthetics with G.W.F. Hegel in University of Berlin in 1827. Two years later he organized a revival of Bach's St. Matthew Passion. He traveled around Europe, and many pieces are inspired by landscapes and regional music. From 1833 to 1836 he was director of music at Düsseldorf. In 1835 he became conductor of Leipzig Gewandhaus orchestra until 1846.
Mendelssohn married Cécile Jeanrenaud in 1837, their happy marriage produced five children. In 1841 he was appointed Royal Kapellmeister in Berlin and divided his time between Berlin and Leipzig. He made numerous guest appearances in Europe, and was invited to Buckingham Palace in 1842. He founded the Leipzig Conservatory in 1843, and is regarded as the finest school of its kind.
The sudden death of his sister Fanny (Hensel) in May 1847 was extremely traumatic for him, and he died on November 4, 1847 after a series of strokes.
Mendelssohn's musical style is shaped by Baroque, Classical, and Romantic elements of music. His love of counterpoint and part-writing was a result of his close study of Bach's music. Learned a variety of choral techniques from Handel's oratorios.
The roots of his musical style are in the 18th century, where he inherited applications of traditional forms, clear harmonic function, moderately sized orchestra, use of orchestral colour, balanced symmetrical phrases and clarity of texture from Mozart, and linking movements inspired by Beethoven.
Romantic aspects of his music include programmatic elements, memorable melodies, unexpected modulations, and virtuosic writing. He contributed to the development of the Romantic concerto, and utilized idioms such as concert overture, incidental music, and short lyric piano pieces.
His style also includes vivid orchestration, rapid leggiero string passages, and chordal texture in winds. Light, scherzando writing is a hallmark of his style.
Mendelssohn's five symphonies include no. 3, "Scottish", no. 4, "Italian", and no. 5, "Reformation". He wrote 3 concertos for violin, 2 for piano, 2 for double piano, and 1 for piano and violin. He wrote overtures to A Midsummer Night's Dream and The Hebrides (Fingal's Cave). He wrote incidental music for Antigone and A Midsummer Night's Dream.
His chamber works include duos, string quartets and quintets, piano trios and quartets, and octets. He wrote solo piano music such as Andante and Rondo Capriccioso, Variations Sérieuses, sonatas, preludes and fugues, and Songs without Words. He also composed preludes and fugues for organs.
His vocal works include concert arias, Lieder, folk song arrangements, and duets. He also composed oratorios St. Paul and Elijah.
Building a Musical Vocabulary
concerto
a multi-movement work for soloist(s) and orchestra
showcases virtuosity of soloist(s)
cadenza
a solo passage heard in a concerto, aria, or any large orchestral work
often of a virtuosic nature
suggests an improvised style
19th-century cadenzas were usually written out by the composer
sonata form
formal structure often used in first movement of sonata cycle
consists of Exposition (statement of two or more contrasting themes), Development (departure), and Recapitulation (return)
also know as sonata-allegro form
double stopping
a string instrument technique
two parts are produced by playing on two strings simultaneously
pedal point
a sustained note over which harmonies change
Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor, op. 64 is composed in 1844. This violin concerto has three movements in total, and is performed by solo violin and orchestra.
The first movement, in the key of E minor, is in sonata form with a tempo marking of Allegro molto appassionato and a time signature of cut time.
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