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An Edible History Of Humanity
Transcript of An Edible History Of Humanity
An Edible History Of Humanity
Maize is originaly domesticated in Tehucan Valley of Mexico. At this point it is being selectively bred to produce bigger healthier yields.
10,000 - 7,000 years ago
Maize has spread through the entire continent and had been established as a major food source for the native tribes such as the Inca, and Aztec
Maize is introduced into Europe and taken in with open arms. Highly utilized in Europe because of its ability to survive in multiple climates.
1492 - 1493 AD
People began to mix and interbred different type of corn with more intent. The modern corn on the cob was developed and is in continuous use today.
Corn has become a worldwide phenomena, and has reached its way onto every continent even China with the exception of Antartica.
Bio engineres are creating highly developed crops that are healthier and produce more crop per year anually.
1960s - on
Rice is domesticated in the Yagzete River Valley in China
One account states that a damaged ship was aided by American colonists who helped with repairs, was gifted some Golden rice seeds with which to begin the cultivation of rice in North America.
Rice was established as a major crop for colonists. As much as 300 tons of "Carolina Golde Rice" was shipped from the south.
The booming port of Charelston in South Carolina exported 4,500 metric tons of the regional rice, which soon became the standard for high-quality production.
A huge rush of people came flooding into the California area in search for gold. To feed all the people, Chinese imagrents (40,000) began planting in the Sacramento area.
Developmental researchers develop a cross spcies dwarf variety and peta to create a "miracle rice"
Geneticaly engineered rice begins to dominate the industry, and dwarf rice becomes some of the most widely used on earth.
Wheat is thought to have been intentionally domesticated by man in the middle east in settlements like Ur, Mesopotamia.
10,000 - 8,000 years ago
Egyptains were the first to use yeast to make bread rise along with the bread oven. Bread was even left in the tombs of wealthy dignitaries to feed them in the afterlife.
1180 - 1190 A.D.
Wind and water mills were constructed in England and France used to grind grain into flour.
1400 – 1600
Wind and water mills were built closer to where the wheat was being harvested, and crop rotation was introduced to insure that healthy crops were yielded every time.
1700 – 1800
The Industrial Revolution begins and better tools are being produced. As agriculture advances the Wheat increaced allowing for expanded population.
Different ways for making bread were invented. Silk sieves were introduced and square or oblong baking tins were incorperated into the baking, this made it easier to slice the bread.
1850 - 1900
Inorganic fertilizers have increased yield and the health of the crop and protection has improved as well, so farmers are losing less of their crop to pests (insects), disease and weeds.
The spice network grows and begins to envelop the entire world as desire fro luxury goods increace.
Roman merchants are able to bypass the Arabian trades and gain direct access to the Red sea. This bursts Indian ocean trade wide open.
Muslim troops invade Alexandria, and the city falls. this cuts off the Mediterranean sea route through the red sea.
The plague is easily spread through the Mediterranean due to the constant trade between infected regions. Disease was often transmitted through rats aboard foreign vessels, this connection is devastatingly clear.
Wars for control of the spice trade break out. Nations such as Spain, England, Portugal, and Holland all were invested in the trade and sought more control.
This was on and off through the 15-17th centuries...
The English begin to make a move on India with the hopes of controling all exports. The Dutch East Asia Trading Company and the English East Asia Company fought increacingly for years and subsaquently the Dutch were forced to flee.
The Pure food and drug act was passed in the US, this was one of the first acts taken to control monitor ingredients in the United states.
sugar cane is first domesticated in New Guinea by its natives and they then spread their knowledge to South east Asia, china and India.
Indian merchants begin selling sugar syrup "khanda" or modern day candy. This made it easier to transport.
Imperial Guptas in India discovered a way to turn the once syrupy sugar into granulated crystals.
9th - 10th century
Middle eastern kingdoms began to produce sugar which enabled the european connection to be made.
11th - 13th Century
The soldiers returning home from the Crusades brought with them the "sweet salt". This sparked European intrest and led to a golden age of exploration and renissance.
first sugarcane plantations were formed in Central America.
sugar becomes commonplace around the globe. Industrilization allowed sugar to be produced in vast quantities.
Potato remains have been found in Peru and Chile that date back to 500 BC. The Incas used to farm and even worship the staple crop. On some occasions people were even buried with them.
Spanish explorer and conqueror, Gonzalo Jiminez de Quesada brought the potato back to Spain in stead of the gold that he could not find.
An Irish legend says that ships of the Spanish Armada, wrecked off the Irish coast in 1588, were carrying potatoes and that some of them washed ashore. This folk tale is how many believe that the Irish recieved the potato
Potatoes planted in New Hampshire by Scottish-Irish imagrents soon began to spread across the United States.
King Louis XVI was encouraged to increace the cultivation of potatoes.
The potato was in many circles considered food for animals, and not worthy of human consumption.
The great irish potato famine caused the death of thousands of poor farm workers and has become one of the most infamous famines of all time.
late 18th Century
Napoleon Bonaparte offered an reward or whom ever could come up with a way to conveniently preserve food for his army.
The first commercial canning factory was set up in England by John Hall.
Thomas Kensette discovered that microorganisms were behind food spoilage.
Nicholas Appert and Peter Durand developed the process by which food was preserved. First airtight tins were filled and sealed then promptly heated sufficienty.
William Lyman invented the can opener.
William J. Osterhoudt patened the tin can with a key opener that can be found on sardine cans.
Max Ams invented the double seams, which provide an air tight seal to the tin can.
Corn is another commonly used name for the crop, however corn and maize are two distinctly different crops and are not the same.