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Chapter 5.4 (Political Parties)
Transcript of Chapter 5.4 (Political Parties)
The committee members choose the chairperson, who often has a great deal of independence in conducting party affairs. State Party Organization Campaign Committees
These committees work to get party members elected or reelected to Congress. National Chairperson (continued) The national chairperson directs the work of the party headquarters and professional staff in Washington, D.C. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is even larger. It includes the party chair and vice chairperson from each state, additional party members from the larger states, and up to 75 at large members chosen by the DNC. National Committee, (continued)
The Republican National Committee (RNC) now seats the party chairperson for each state as well as representatives from various Republican groups and the U.S. territories. National Committee The National Convention The national convention is held every presidential election year.
What Happens at a Convention?
Naming of the Presidential candidate
Naming of the Vice Presidential candidate
Adopting of party rules
Writing of the official party platform
The convention does not name candidates for other offices and has no control over the actual policies supported by candidates. The Nominating Process The nominating process can lead to competition within the parties.
Nominations are made within the party and can divide party members if there is a dispute over nominees.
The President is the nominal leader of his or her party. A Decentralized Structure Introduction How are political parties organized at the federal, State, and local levels?
Parties are decentralized.
National Committees represent each party’s interests at the national level.
Most states have a central party committee.
Local party structures vary quite widely from place to place. National Chairperson The national chairperson leads the national committee. Local Party Organization Local party structure varies a great deal. Both parties spend a great deal of effort to make sure the party’s officeholders stay in power.
What does the chart show about spending over the last several years?
Why might well-known party members be invited to speak at dinners? Raising Funds The federal system is decentralized.
There are more than half a million elective offices in the United States spread across federal, state, and local governments.
The parties must satisfy a very wide range of voters, which makes it hard to have a unified party message. Federalism Chapter 5, Section 4 The President’s media exposure and power to make appointments is valuable, but does not give him or her complete authority over all party activities. This means that the party of the President is typically better organized than its rival party. Debbie Wasserman Schultz is the current Democratic Party national chairperson The chairperson is chosen after the national convention by the presidential nominee. In other years, the chairperson concentrates on building party unity, raising money, and recruiting new voters for the next election. These officials try to promote party unity, find candidates, and raise funds. Committee members are chosen by a variety of methods such as primaries, caucuses, or state conventions. States get divided into Congressional Districts
Districts are divided into Wards
Wards are divided into precincts