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US UK religion comparison prezi - Chris and Deanna

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Chris Deanna

on 6 March 2011

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Transcript of US UK religion comparison prezi - Chris and Deanna

Religion and Politics in the US and UK Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

- The First Amendment “I contemplate with sovereign reverence that act of the whole American people which declared that their legislature should "make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof," thus building a wall of separation between Church & State.”
-Thomas Jefferson, 1802 European Convention on Human Rights-Article 9
Freedom of thought, conscience and religion
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, and to manifest his religion or belief, in worship, teaching, practice and observance.
2. Freedom to manifest one's religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others Religion in the American Constitution: Religion in the British Constitution: What Constitution? Britain has no formal constitution! British governance is dictated by convention; precedent case law, treaties, and other legal documents (ie Magna Carta)

- Issues concerning religion are addressed in individual Acts as opposed to being entrenched in a constitution
The Church of England: Since 1536, the official state religion of Britain has been Angliacnism, and
it has been lead by the monarch The monarch's church duties include:
- Approve the appointment of archbishops, bishops and deans (on the recommendation of the Prime Minister)
- Formally open each new session (every five years) of the General Synod (the church's governing body)
- Promise to maintain the Church in his or her coronation oath Freedom of Religion: Britain adopted the Human Rights act of 1998 to comply with the European Convention on Human Rights. These both included clauses about freedom of religion. Human Rights Act 1998 article 13
Freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
(1)If a court’s determination of any question arising under this Act might affect the exercise by a religious organization (itself or its members collectively) of the Convention right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, it must have particular regard to the importance of that right.
(2)In this section “court” includes a tribunal.
Religiosity in the United States Religiosity in Britain (1)Subject to section 71, each pupil in attendance at a community, foundation or voluntary school shall on each school day take part in an act of collective worship.

(2)Subject to section 71, in relation to any community, foundation or voluntary school—

(a)the local education authority and the governing body shall exercise their functions with a view to securing, and

(b)the head teacher shall secure,

that subsection (1) is complied with.

(3)Schedule 20 makes further provision with respect to the collective worship required by this section, including provision relating to—

(a)the arrangements which are to be made in connection with such worship, and

(b)the nature of such worship. Discussion Question:

Is there an inverse relationship between religious content in the state and the law and religion's influence on culture and politics? Only 20% of the British public would not vote for an atheist compared to 53% of Americans Conclusions:
America is more secular in its laws but far more religious in its politics and its culture 1536 - Act of Supremacy School Prayer in Britain: School Standards and Framework Act:

Requirements relating to collective worship.
(1)Subject to section 71, each pupil in attendance at a community, foundation or voluntary school shall on each school day take part in an act of collective worship.
(2)Subject to section 71, in relation to any community, foundation or voluntary school—
(a)the local education authority and the governing body shall exercise their functions with a view to securing, and
(b)the head teacher shall secure,
that subsection (1) is complied with.
(3)Schedule 20 makes further provision with respect to the collective worship required by this section, including provision relating to—
(a)the arrangements which are to be made in connection with such worship, and
(b)the nature of such worship.
School Prayer in the US Two landmark cases:

Abington School District v. Schempp - no reading bible passages
Engel v. Vitale - no school prayer
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