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Fiber ID: Nylon

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by

Glyra Bacalso

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Fiber ID: Nylon

Reference AATCC 20-04 (2005). Fiber Analysis: Qualitative, American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists AATCC Technical manual 2005.
Fabric Identification The Burn Test. (n.d.). Retrieved February 26, 2013, from http://www.teonline.com/knowledge-centre/fabric-identification.html
Fiber Source Website http://www.fibersource.com/f-tutor/nylon.htm, retrieved 2/24/2013
www.msnucleaus.org
Objectives FIBER ID: NYLON * To identify the fiber content of the given fabric

* To use the microscope to examine the longitudinal view of the fibers

* To perform a burning test in order to document the fiber's reaction to the flame Nylon * manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming substance is a long-chain synthetic polyamide in which less than 85% of the amide linkages are attached directly to two aromatic rings." (Source- Textile Fiber Products Identification Act, Federal Trade Commission). Properties Fiber Structure Microscopy Test *examined the warp and the weft of both fabric swatches to see its phyiscal structure By: Glyra Bacalso *Surface Contour (longitudinal view) – The surface contour of nylon fibers is determined by the cross-section, which is determined by the shape of the spinneret hole.

*Shape (cross-section) – The cross-section of nylon fibers can be changed easily as the fibers are melt spun. A circular cross-section is the most common. Trilobal cross-sections are often used for carpets; triangular shapes with rounded corners enhance luster; multichannel shapes transport moisture; and hollow filaments reduce bulk.

*Luster – Nylon fibers are inherently lustrous. Delusterant is added to produce semi-dull and dull fibers.

*Size – Nylon, like other manufactured fibers, can be produced in varying sizes based on the intended end use. nylon #1 nylon #2 nylon #1 (Warp) nylon #1 (Weft) nylon #2 (Warp) nylon #2 (Weft) Microscopy Test Results VS Test Fabrics Nylon Results from AATCC 20 Manual Burning Test (cont'd) Conclusion BURNING TEST Microscopy test and burn test both proves that the two fibers are indeed Nylon.
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