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The History Of UK Television Timeline
Transcript of The History Of UK Television Timeline
Analogue terrestrial The BBC launches electronic television broadcasts, the BBC Television Service, from Alexandra Palace. The picture format is monochrome, 405-line, 1938
Analogue cable Community Antenna TV launches in Bristol and Kingston upon Hull, the UK's first cable services, distributing the 405 line service 1939
Analogue TV World War 2
The BBC Television Service ceases from September 1939 to June 1946 1955
Regulation the UK's second channel, begins when Associated-Rediffusion, the first ITV franchise, launches. 1955
Analogue terrestrial 1964
Analogue terrestrial BBC Two launches, in a higher definition 625-line format. As it is broadcast in a different format, some owners of TVs are unable to receive it. BBC tv rebrands to BBC One Rediffusion Vision start a 625-line cable service 1966
Programming The 1966 World Cup Final broadcasts on BBC One and ITV, with 32.3 million viewers in total making it the most watched broadcast 1967
Analogue terrestrial Colour transmissions begin on BBC Two 1968
Analogue terrestrial The ITV Emergency National Service replaces the regional ITV network in August 1968 due to strike action as a consequence of the implementation of the franchise changes 1969
Analogue terrestrial Colour transmissions begin on BBC One and ITV 1969
Programming The Apollo 11 moon landing broadcasts on BBC One, BBC Two and ITV 1974
Analogue terrestrial Ceefax and ORACLE, the UK's first teletext services, launch 1979
Analogue terrestrial Almost all ITV broadcasts and production ceased due to a 10-week industrial dispute.
When programming resumed on 24 October, there was a lack of original programming, so ITV showed repeats. Original programming resumes two and a half months later 1982
Analogue terrestrial ITV franchise changes took effect: Central Independent Television was created from a restructured ATV. Television South (TVS) replaced Southern Television. Television South West (TSW) replaced Westward Television. A new national ITV franchise is created for breakfast television, and awarded to TV-am Launch of Channel 4 and S4C, the UK's second and third independent channels. S4C broadcast to Wales, and Channel 4 the remainder of the country. The ITV companies sold Channel 4's airtime until the end of 1992. ITV and Channel 4 promoted each others programmes until 1998. 1985
Analogue terrestrial The two-station analogue terrestrial VHF transmissions cease on 3 January Analogue cable Issue of franchises to local cable operators, which will eventually merge to become Virgin Media, Smallworld and WightFibre 1989
Analogue satellite Sky launches, a subscription satellite service, with pay-per-view movies and events 1990
Regulation The Broadcasting Act 1990 abolishes the Independent Broadcasting Authority and Cable Authority and replaces them with the Independent Television Commission. The Act makes mergers between ITV franchises possible. 1990
Analogue satellite BSB launches, a subscription 5-channel satellite service 1991
Analogue terrestrial Two ITV regions and Channel 4 broadcast stereo sound transmissions using NICAM, with the rest of the ITV network following in the next couple of years. The BBC launches NICAM stereo broadcasting on 31 August. 1992
Analogue satellite After merging with Sky, BSkyB ceases transmissions on BSB's old satellite 1993
Analogue terrestrial ITV franchise changes took effect:
- Westcountry Television replaced Television South West
- Carlton Television replaced Thames Television
- Meridian Broadcasting replaced Television South
- Good Morning Television replaced TV-am
- Teletext replaced ORACLE, the national teletext franchise holder 1997
Analogue terrestrial Channel 5 launches, it is the UK's first terrestrial broadcaster to also launch on Sky 1998
Digital satellite BSkyB launches SkyDigital, now marketed as Sky TV, the UK's first digital satellite service. Unlike the analogue service, it includes:
- Electronic Programme Guide
- interactive TV and text services
- widescreen picture format from certain channels (16:9),
- audio description
- near video-on-demand pay-per-view movie channels.
This also sees the BBC, Channel 4 and S4C to broadcast via satellite for the first time; Channel 4 therefore becomes available in Wales, and a new Welsh-only version of S4C broadcasts nationally.
The BBC is initially encrypted and non-regional.
SkyDigital launches with around 200 TV or radio channels 1998
Digital terrestrial OnDigital launched- a subscription digital terrestrial service 1998
Digital cable NTL, Telewest, Cable and Wireless begin: a digital cable services with similar characteristics to Sky Digital.
Unlike Sky Digital, cable remains a regional service, carrying all versions of BBC channels and ITV 1999
IPTV Kingston Interactive Television (KIT), the UK's first IPTV service, the UK's first video on demand service 2001
Analogue satellite BSkyB stops its analogue satellite service 2002
Digital terrestrial ITV Digital stops Launch of Freeview, a free digital terrestrial service to replace ITV Digital 2003
regulation "The Communications Act 2003" stopped the Independent Television Commission and replacing it with Ofcom 2004
Digital terrestrial The Launch of Top Up TV, a subscription service on digital terrestrial 2006
Cable NTL and Telewest merge. The UK's first public high-definition broadcasts, as BBC and ITV show the 2006 FIFA World Cup in high-definition via NTL/Telewest 2006
IPTV Kingston Communications end KIT The Launch of BT Vision, a subscription video on demand service combined with a Freeview receiver 2006
Internet television BSkyB launches Sky Anytime - a program to download television shows to PCs via the Internet, only for Sky TV subscribers Channel 4 launches 4 on Demand (4oD) , allowing people to catch up on the latest tv 2007
Internet television ITV relaunch itv.com as an on-demand portal, similar to 4oD 2007
Analogue terrestrial The digital switchover begins as a consequence of switching off analogue terrestrial UHF transmissions The BBC launches BBC iPlayer, a tool for watching BBC programmes online 2008
Digital satellite Freesat launches, a free satellite television service 2009
Analogue cable Virgin Media closes the last analogue cable areas 2012
Analogue terrestrial Analogue terrestrial UHF transmissions cease in all regions.