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Biology 115 Fall 2012 Week 2

Trip to Dryden Lake 9-4-2012

Becky Garbo

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Biology 115 Fall 2012 Week 2

Dryden Lake Trip Trees Missed Species From Last Week coniferous tree native to Eastern North America
grows well in shade
half inch long brown cones
needles are flat and a half inch long Eastern Hemlock –
Tsuga canadensis Bird’s-Foot Trefoil -
Lotus corniculatus native to North America
bright yellow with orange to red-tinged areas White Oak -
Quercus alba native to Eastern North America
lower branches tend to be parallel to ground
about halfway up trunk, bark tends to form overlapping scales Black Oak -
Quercus velutina in Red Oak group
leaves have 5 (mostly) to 7 bristle-tipped lobes
buds are velvety, covered in white hair Black Cherry -
Prunus serotina mature bark: very broken, dark grey to black
young bark: smooth, reddish-brown to almost black, with horizontal, dash-like lenticels American Elm –
Ulmus americana Sugar Maple –
Acer saccharum American Beech –
Fagus grandifolia American Basswood –
Tilia americana American Hophornbeam –
Ostrya virginiana Northern Red Oak –
Quercus rubra Common Witchhazel –
Hamamelis virginiana Plants Red-osier Dogwood –
Cornus sericea Common Soapwort –
Saponaria officinalis Elderberry –
Sambucus spp. Staghorn Sumac –
Rhus typhina Raspberry –
Rubus spp. Lamb’s Ear –
Stachys byzantina Multiflora Rose (Wild Rose) –
Rosa multiflora Wild Grape –
Vitis spp. White Turtlehead –
Chelone glabra Ragweed –
Ambrosia spp. Birds Green Heron –
Butorides virescens short, broad tails
thick, chunky wings
whitish underbelly with dark brown band across belly Red-tailed Hawk –
Buteo jamaicensis White-rumped Sandpiper –
Calidris fuscicollis Cedar Waxwing –
Bombycilla cedrorum (heard but not seen) Belted Kingfisher –
Megaceryle alcyon Tree Swallow –
Tachycineta bicolor Great Blue Heron –
Ardea herodias Bald Eagle –
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Herps
& Fish Painted Turtle –
Chrysemys picta Snapping Turtle –
Chelydra serpentina Northern Leopard Frog –
Lithobates pipiens (Rana pipiens) Common Garter Snake –
Thamnophis sirtalis American Toad –
Anaxyrus americanus (Bufo americanus) Sunfish Family –
Centrarchidae American Beaver –
Castor canadensis large flat paddle-shaped tail
large, webbed hind feet
nostrils and ears are sealed while under water soft rays and stiff spines
deep-bodied and compressed laterally
carnivorous extremely hardy
leaves asymmetrical and serrated leaves taller than they are wide
brown sharp-tipped buds
shaggy bark on older trees smooth, silver-gray bark
shade-tolerant species
long, cigar-like buds foliage is grayish to silvery green
deeply lobed leaves with winged petioles grows best in full sun, but unusually shade tolerant
bark gray to light brown, with narrow, well defined fissures
leaves inequalateral at base bark brown to gray-brown, with small shaggy plates flaking off mature bark: dark reddish grey brown, with broad, thin, rounded ridges, scaly
young bark: smooth and light gray uneven at base of leaf
yellow spider-like flowers red stems and branches
white fruit
leaves are opposite with prominent lateral veins opposite, compound leaves
small black, blue-black, or red berries that grow in clusters
woody stems woody vine
five coarsely toothed leaflets
in fall, leaves turn brilliant mauve, red, and purple Virginia Creeper –
Parthenocissus quinquefolia woody vine
paperlike bark shreds in strips
alternate, simple leaves found in wetlands and riparian zones
opposite, simple leaves, on stout, upright stems
flowers are white twining vine
opposite, simple oval leaves
stems and leaves hairy
flowers sweetly vanilla scented Japanese Honeysuckle –
Lonicera japonica alternate, pinnately compound leaves
leaves and branches hairy
red fruit spikes upright arching stems and fringed stipules
leaves alternate and pinnately compound also known as Bouncing Bet
stems round and hairless
leaves opposite or in whorls of 3 or 4
flowers have 5 pink to white petals leaves alternate along the canes of the plant
underside of leaf is kind of silvery
small, flexible thorns (Stachys lanata) prefers to grow in partial shade to full sunlight
densely covered with gray or silver-white, silky hairs
leaves are thick and fur-like glossy, greenish-black cap
greenish back and wings
a chestnut neck with a white line down the front
short yellow legs and bill is dark with a long, sharp point
neck is often pulled in tight against the body mainly brown with a white head and tail
sexes are identical in plumage, but females are larger than males
beak is large and hooked iridescent blue-green upperparts
white underparts
very slightly forked tail slate-gray body
chestnut and black accents
very long legs and neck
often holds its head in an "S" shape tip of tail yellow or orange (depending on diet)
pale yellow belly
white undertail white above the base of the tail
underparts white, with fine dark streaks on pale gray breast
back mostly gray (nonbreeding) and mixed gray and warm brown (breeding) large head with a shaggy crest
long, heavy bill is black with a grey base
slate blue head
large white collar
large blue band on the breast
white underparts top of shell smooth and oval without a keel (ridge)
skin is olive to black with red, orange, or yellow stripes on its extremities dull brown to black
large head with a hooked jaw
webbed feet with long claws and a very long tail varies from green to brown with large dark circular spots on its back, sides and legs
each spot is normally bordered by a lighter ring
parallel pair of dorsolateral folds down back three yellow longitudinal stripes down a dark body
some exhibit a checkered body pattern with light stripes and a grayish or reddish body color color: tan, brown, reddish brown, or olive green
spots only contain one or two warts
belly usually spotted, (generally more so on front half)
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