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Organic Food

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Kiley Rosengrant

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of Organic Food

Organic Food

Things to consider:
Taste
Availability
Price
Dietary Needs!

How do I know if it's Organic?
It has to have a label certified by the USDA determining the level of organic the product is.
Does is taste better?
What is Organic?
USDA National Organic Program (NOP) definition:

Produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations.

Questions
If "Organic" means 95% of the item is organic, does that mean the farms are allowed to use pesticides?
Which is better, natural or organic?
Do Genetically Modified Organisms sometimes get into organic food?
If so, are they still safe to eat?
Certified Naturally Grown
Food grown using same standards as organic, but...
Not on farm certified by the National Organic Program of the USDA
Some farmers complain about the cost of going through the USDA's organic program
Farmers act as inspectors in a program administered by a non-profit organization called Certified Naturally Grown
Organic Foods and Pesticides
Conventional growers use synthetic pesticides to protect crops from mold, insects and diseases
Organic farmers use insect traps, careful crop selection, predator insects or beneficial microorganisms instead to control crop damaging pests
Significantly fewer pesticide residues
The USDA
Organic farms must have a USDA certification. The USDA is the United States Department of Agriculture.
Facilities and productions on the farm must reach USDA standards
Annual inspection/certification fee can be $400-$2,000 a year.
Subsidy: money granted by government meant to help support businesses. These help reduce the overall cost of crops.
Organic Food Lables: USDA
Any product labeled as organic must be USDA certified
100 Percent Organic - completely organic or made of all organic products
Organic - at least 95% organic
At least 70% organic are not allowed to use the seal
Less than 70% - cannot use the word "organic" on products
USDA seal is voluntary
"Natural" and "Organic" do not mean the same thing
Is Organic a Fad?
Organic foods can be found in many grocery stores, Wal-Mart is even beginning to spark its interest in the organic industry.
Some consumers see stores such as Whole Foods to be only available to wealthier people, hence the demands would likely stay the same.
Looking into food labels, are consumers being persuaded by food labels? What exactly is on the food label?
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/11/14/jim-gaffigan-kale_n_4275988.html
What is Organic Farming?
Organic Farming is a form of agriculture that relies on techniques such a crop rotation, green manure, compost, and biological pest control
These all make the food being grown healthier to eat
Organic Food and GMO's
The use of genetic engineering, or genetically modified organisms, is prohibited in organic products
Farmers take preventative practices against neighboring conventional farms or shared farm equipment/processing facilities.
All measures are documented in the organic farmer's organic system plan
What it does to the food
Organic Farming makes the food healthier because of different methods and materials used
The methods and materials that are used are less likely to contain pesticides
Less or no pesticides makes the food more natural and safer to eat
There is less of a demand for organic food because of its high pricing that companies do not grow as much.
If the demand would go up then the supply would increase and as a result would lower the cost of the food.
The working conditions are more time consuming than for conventional problems which makes the farmers grow less of the product.
Common Questions
Is it even better for you?
Comparing organic to non organic food can be a negative in itself.
Organic food is not even that much better for you than conventional foods.
Studies have shown that there is not much of a better intake in organic foods vs. non organic foods.
Ways to Save
According to The Environmental Working Group’s Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides, there are certain foods that are grown in low amounts of pesticides, meaning that purchasing this food is close to purchasing organic foods. These foods include:
Onions, sweet corn, pineapples, avocado, asparagus , sweet peas, mangoes, eggplant, cantaloupe, kiwi, cabbage, watermelon, sweet potatoes, grapefruit, mushrooms
Pricing of Organic Food
Pricing of Organic Food
Organic foods are becoming more popular, 58% of Americans claim they prefer to eat organic over non-organic food. The demand for healthy, organic food is increasing.

The prices of organic food are slightly higher than others due to the amount of labor put into marketing the final product. Growing organic food is a very slow process.

Non-organic foods use chemicals to speed the growing process. Organic food does not use these chemicals which results in farmers having to hire more workers for tasks to keep the crops in good condition.
Methods of Organic Farming
Methods used to organic farmers use both modern technology and traditional farming
These methods include crop rotation, green manures, compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation
All methods are traditional except the mechanical cultivation which they use a machine to cultivate the crops
Certification by Location
Some people prefer local foods that are grown. They fell that it will be healthier and have less pesticides.
They are fresher and transportation is not an issue however they are not necessarily considered certified to be organic foods.
Materials Used
The majority of organic farmers use cover crops, compost, and minerals in their methods
This is because the cover crops and compost are to make the soil conditioned and very fertile
Minerals are used to give soil more calcium because the pH level in soil is low and would not be healthy enough to be organic
These materials make the food taste better and healthier for you
Negatives of Organic Farming
Costs
The pricing of organic food is more than regular food. This is one of its biggest down falls.
The amount of labor and time taken to process food is what causes the price to be so high.
The field space used to have farms that grow organic foods is a lot smaller than conventional products field growing space because of the supply and demand for organic food.
Spoilage
No pesticides or any type of preservative are used on organic foods so they can spoil much faster than conventional food.
This can be bad for stores as well because if the product is not sold fast then it will look bad on the shelves.
Work Cited

Animals are given no antibiotics or growth hormones; produce is grown without the use of pesticides, fertilizers, or ionizing radiation.
According to The Organic Center (.org), 43% of organic buyers purchase it because of taste. Organic produce is grown in well-balanced soil so the taste is pure and clean.
Hundreds of gourmet chefs across the nation prefer to cook with organic food because of the taste and quality.
The label with either say
100% Organic
Organic
Made with Organic Ingredients
Would you buy Organic?
Americans generally have a lower number of bacteria in their gastrointestinal track because of the processed foods we eat as compared to other countries
*Organic foods have more natural bacteria which are needed in breaking down food in the intestines*
Caring for the crops has become more of a process for organic food growers.
Non-organic food uses fertilizer containing chemicals because it is cheaper to ship.
Organic food has natural fertilizer such as animal manure and compost. This is more expensive.
Crop rotation also helps keep the soil around the crops healthy. This slows down the process of harvesting and stops farmers from producing large quantities.
Do organic farmers
ever
use pesticides?
Are organic foods truly better for you?
Can the organic foods contain
Genetically Modified elements?
Where is the best place to buy organic foods?
Does organic farming benefits its workers
in any way?

Supply and Demand
"10 Reasons Organic Food Is so Expensive." Fox News. FOX News Network, 11 Mar. 2012. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"FarmAid." Food Labeling - Farm Aid. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"Frequently Asked Questions." Organic Farmers Growers Frequently Asked Questions Comments. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"Organic Foods." : Understanding Organic Food Labels, Benefits, and Claims. Web. 28 Sept. 2014.
"Organic Foods." Home. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"Why Is Organic Food Bad?" LIVESTRONG.COM. LIVESTRONG.COM, 16 Aug. 2013. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.

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