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Ancient Palestine

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by

Anderlyn Smith

on 13 September 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Palestine

Location
Modern-day Israel
Located in the region of Canaan, which is also known as the Promise Land
Inhabitants: Israelites (1200 B.C.)
The Jews lived in this area, but later migrated to the Kingdom of Judah
The land of Canaan was reserved by God for the Israelites
The Israelites were influenced by other societies such as, ancient Mesopotamia
Politics
In its early stages (1600-1200 BCE), Ancient Palestine was politically dominated by Egypt.
Ancient Palestine was divided into Canaanite city states in the Bronze Age.
United Kingdom of Israel established in 1020 BCE and, within 100 years, split into the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judea.
Followed the Judaic Code of Law
Economy and Trade
Ancient Palestine was an agricultural society
The gov. did not monopolize land, plots were privately owned.
This changed after the Assyrian and Babylon conquests, economic efforts became largely controlled by the nation
The economy was stable but the taxes were heavy in order to support the gov.
Harsh and unpredictable climates often threatened crops and affected the economy
Roads were built to connect villages and cities within the nation as demand for metals, luxury items, and manufactured goods increased
Religion
Monotheistic Society
Worshiped God, or Yahweh
Built a temple to honor and worship God
The 10 Commandments- A law code for the Israelites
The Books of Law tell of the history of the Earth and the commandments that the Israelites had to follow
Social Structure
Their religion held them to a set of moral and ethical rules, the Ten Commandments, encouraging the people to behave amongst each other
Few people had slaves, and those who did treated them well
Most slaves were POW's
Upper class: priests and aristocrats
Middle class: traders, merchants, scribes, artisans, and teachers
Lower class: laborers (slaves, stone carriers) and the unemployable (the blind, crippled)
Intellectual Advancements
Record Keeping/ Historical Accounts:
The first mention of the name Israel is in an Egyptian record of c. 1207 BC
Pentateuch- First 5 books of the Bible, written by Moses
Torah- important part of the early Jewish community, identity

Weapons Developed/ Used:
Israelites mostly used "primitive" weapons: farm implements and household articles, very few metal weapons.
Hand-to-hand: Sword,dagger,spear
Medium Range: Javelin
Long Range: Sling, bow

Modes of Transportation:

mostly on foot with leather sandals and a staff if traveling further distances
camels, donkeys
Canaanites and Philistines had iron chariots


By: Branson Pigg, Taylor Pace, Anderlyn E. Smith, and Ester Lin
AP World History
P4

Ancient Palestine

Arts/Architecture
-Art in Palestine was very religious and Bible-based.
-Statues resembled the gods that were worshiped during that time.
-Synagogues in Ancient Israel have mosaic flooring showing the Diaspora.
-Some buildings were very colorful in this time.

Gender Hierarchy
Patriarchal society: the man was the head of house
Women were considered second-class citizens, comparable to slaves
Eldest man would lead a house in which his wives, sons, and their families resided
The father had absolute authority over his children
Around the 8th century BCE, this became unrealistic; sons moved out; judgement of children's misdeeds shifted to gov. officials
Full transcript