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Schizotypal Personality Disorder

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by

karin herholdt

on 29 December 2014

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Transcript of Schizotypal Personality Disorder


Personality makes us unique



Human beings work to



Advantages and disadvantages to




General Personality Disorder defined…..









INTRODUCTION
Introduction
GENERAL DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA
This summarises into a person who…….
Introduction
Discernible in two or more of the following extents:

Cognition


Affectivity


Interpersonal functioning


Impulse control

by Karin Herholdt
Aileen Klette
Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Toilet paper personality test

SPD: defined as “a pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive or perceptual distortions, and eccentricities of behavior”

Closely related to chronic schizophrenia

Understanding of SPD
Etiology


Symptoms

Treatment

Prognosis
Practical and managerial implications

ETIOLOGY
Etiology
- However, SPD may differ in critical ways:
interrelationships between symptom & social factors, NOT merely a milder version of schizophrenia




- SPD studied independently from Schizophrenia

SPD related to schizophrenia regarding common:

phenomenologic,
genetic,
biologic,
outcome &
treatment response characteristics

Etiology
Typical development
:

1. Children interpret social cues

2. Respond to stimuli accordingly (appropriate)

3. Individuals with SPD: erroneous & causes person to experience: illogical beliefs, unusual thinking & paranoid feelings

4. Discerning what goes wrong – unknown (genetics & factors causing complications in functioning of brain)

Risk Factors: (1) relatives with schizophrenia or SPD and/or
(2) neglect/ abuse, trauma, or family dysfunction

SYMPTOMS
Schizotypal Personality Disorder (SPD) shares some characteristics of Schizoid Personality Disorder


- Emotional detachment
- Social isolations






SYMPTOMS
Ideas of references
Odd beliefs or mysterious thought patterns
Illusions
Presence of another person
Obsessive ruminations, quasi-psychotic episodes
Perceptual disturbances like depersonalization
Preoccupation with paranormal phenomena
Magical thinking and rituals
Vague, over-elaborated and stereotyped speech
Eccentricities displayed in form of superstisiousness

SYMPTOMS
Eccentricities

SYMPTOMS
Patterns of social and interpersonal deficits
Serious discomfort with close relationship
Lessened capacity for close relationships
Display inappropriate or constricted affect
Excessive social anxiety
Paranoid fears
Cognitive or perceptual abnormalities (e.g. body illusions)

DIAGNOSIS & PROGNOSIS
Cognitive Behaviour therapy


Interpersonal therapy

Group therapy

Psychodynamic therapy

Medication
TREATMENT
Psychotherapy

MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS
FRUSTRATIONS OF INDIVIDUALS WITH SPD IN THE WORKPLACE
MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS
Psychologically unsafe working environment

Leadership positions – hypothesised low EQ

Psychological coaching or counselling

Respect & understand their need to be alone technology

Temporary psychotic episodes
Major depression
Work, school and social problems
May develop Schizophrenia
Cognitive deficits & impaired functioning
*episodic memory *inhibition *abstraction *sustained attention *working memory & *context processing
Weakened performance on functional capacity assessments & impairments in real-world functioning
Creative; however, potential for innovation related to impulsive & anti-social personality, arrogant (narcisstic), manipulative (anti-social) & dramatic behaviour

MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS
ADVANTAGES OF INDIVIDUALS WITH SPD IN THE WORKPLACE

Considered “odd”, because inattention to usual social conventions, fanciful thoughts & eccentric behaviour – creativity (advantage & adds value)

Competence in area of strategic

Vision & understanding of the market

Virtual teams


THANK YOU
CONCLUSION
People with personality disorders can be challenging
Human resource management must be aware of consequences
Positives and negatives will determine willingness to take a risk
Individuals add value to the organisation

VIDEO
Schizoid vs Scizotypal
IDENTIFYING THE SCHIZOTYPAL IN THE WORKPLACE

700 attacked daily
43800 harassed
16400 threatened
Environmental Causes
Personal characteristics
Not easy identifiable
Organisational fit
Displayed behaviours
Safety
Relationship with co-workers










What does this mean
Stingy
Organised
Clean


Spontanious
Neverminded
Dirty
karin
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Full transcript