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Transcript of Canadian Confederation
George Brown believed that the French were making decisions for Canada West, and resented what he called "French Catholic domination" of Canada East over Canada West. He is strongly anti-catholic, thinking they were mistaken in their beliefs and evil and corrupt.
George Brown was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1851. He reorganized the Clear Grit (Liberal) Party in 1857, supporting, among other things, the separation of church and state, the annexation of the Northwest Territories, and a small government. But the most important thing to him was Representation by Population, or Rep by Pop, meaning each politician in the Legislature represented the same population. He beleived though that the larger population should have more representatives rather then the same from Upper and Lower Canada.
George-Etienne Cartier George-Etienne Cartier is the next Father of Confederation, and an opponent of George Brown. Early in his life he trained as a lawyer, and was inspired by Louis-Jospeh Papineau.
Cartier also took part in the Lower Canada Rebellion of 1837 at the Battle of St-Denis. For his part in the uprising, Cartier was exiled and he took temporary refuge in Vermont. He was then allowed to return to Montreal in 1838 to continue Law practice.
When he returned to Lower Canada in 1839, which was now Canada East of the Province of Canada, he became a member of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society and became active in politics as campaign manager of Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine. In 1848, Cartier gave up his law practice and ran for office as a Reformer and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada.
From 1857 to 1862 he served alongside John A. Macdonald as co-premier of the united province. Cartier was loyal to his friend John A. Macdonald. John A. Macdonald Sir John A. Macdonald was a young Laywer,and was a skilled and respected politician.
Soon after Macdonald was called to the Bar in February 1836, he decided to take in two students: Oliver Mowat, a future premier of Ontario and like Macdonald himself a Father of Confederation, and Alexander Campbell, future Father of Confederation.
All Upper Canadians between 18 and 60 years of age were members of the Sedentary Militia, which was called into active duty during the Rebellions of 1837. Macdonald served in the militia, patrolling the area around Kingston, but the town saw no action and Macdonald was not called upon to fire a shot in anger.
In 1855, George-Étienne Cartier of Canada East (today Quebec) joined the Cabinet. Until Cartier's 1873 death, he would be Macdonald's political partner. Macdonald was then elected to the legislature at the age of 29, and wen't on to become the first Prime Minister in Canada. The Original Fathers of Confederation Having his Government fall yet again, Macdonald and Cartier, the Conservatives, were approached, through intermediaries, by Brown, who felt that the crisis of the United States overpowering Canada gave the parties the opportunity to join together for constitutional reform. Brown was more interested in representation by population; Macdonald in a federation that the other colonies could join. The two compromised and agreed that the new government would support the "federative principle"–a conveniently elastic phrase. The discussions were not public knowledge, and Macdonald stunned the Assembly by announcing that the dissolution was being postponed because of progress in negotiations with Brown—the two men were not only political rivals, but also hated each other.
The parties had resolved their differences, joining together in the Great Coalition, with only the Parti Rouge of Canada East, led by Jean-Baptiste-Éric Dorion, outside the Coalition. A conference, called by the Colonial Office, was scheduled for the 1st of September 1864 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island; the Maritime colonies were to consider a union. The Canadians obtained permission to send a delegation to what became known as the Charlottetown Conference. Macdonald, Cartier, and Brown led the Canadians in Charlottetown. At the conclusion of the conference, the Maritime delegations expressed a willingness to join a confederation if the details could be worked out.
In 1864, October, delegates for Confederation met in Quebec City for the Quebec Conference, where the seventy two resoulutions were agreed. With the birth of the Dominion, Canada East and Canada West became separate provinces, known as Quebec and Ontario
Macdonald himself was knighted on that first observance of what came to be known as Canada Day, 1 July 1867. So that was the Canadian Confederation. These men were the most responsible in the making of Canada, and when thinking of Canada, they should be the first to pop in your mind. Remember, Brown, Cartier, Macdonald. If it weren't for their bravery and forming together, we would likely have been overthrown by the United States, and never have become our own country. These were three VERY important men. So, GO CONFEDERATION! Now..... FRIED CHICKEN MONTAGE!>!?!?!<!>!!! Just kidding. Bye!