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Durand Line

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Lauryn Kesler

on 7 March 2018

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Transcript of Durand Line

CONCLUSION
Lauryn Kesler
Afghanistan:
The Durand Line

Overveiw
Afghanistan and Pakistan
Fighting for the placement of the Durand Line.
1893-present
Afghan: wants to push the line back, and to stop the seperated ethnic groups such as the Pashtuns
Pakistan: wants to keep their land
Location
Classifying the Dispute
Locational dispute: Afghanistan believes the line goes to the Indus River
Physical-Political boundary: runs through mountainous areas and some local tribes and villagers don t follow the division as strictly.
Changes that needs to be taken..
Shape
Afghanistan is compact
Pakistan is elongated
The shape has little effect on the conflict as it is centered on the delimitation and demarcation of the border
Forces
Timeline
Type of State
Outside Influences
Lauryn's Opinion
Sam's Opinion
" Solution Of Pakistan About Militancy--- The Durand Line ". Siasat.pk Forums. N. p., 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2016. http://
Arwin Rahi, The Diplomat. "Why The Durand Line Matters". The Diplomat. N. p., 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
"Blood Line: Afghanistan And Pakistan’S Unspoken Border Dispute | World Policy Institute". Worldpolicy.org. N. p., 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
"Pakistan And Afghanistan". Institute for the Study of War. N. p., 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
Siddique, Abubakar. "The Durand Line: Afghanistan's Controversial, Colonial-Era Border". The Atlantic. N. p., 2012. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
"The Troubled Afghan-Pakistani Border".Council on Foreign Relations. N. p., 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
"Afghanistan: Conflict Profile". Insight on Conflict. N. p., 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.
The Durand Line: History, Consequences, And Future. 1st ed. The Hollings Center, 2007. Web. 30 Mar. 2016

Sources
Centripital
agreement through empires
both possess Pashtun territory
Afghanistan has a compact shape so everyone is equal distant from the central government
Centrifugal
Irredentism
Divided by serperte cultures
Being placed between Persia, India, and Central Asia.

1983
The Durand Line was established by the Britian Empire and India.
1905
Amir Habibullah Khan signed an agreement with Britian confirming the legality of the Durand line, later to be further confirmed with article 5 of the Anglo Afghan Treaty of 1919.
1919
Afghanistan becomes fully independent at this date.
1947
Pakistan became in existence.
1947
Pakistan created an agreement with the local tribe leaders around the Durand Line "not to base troops in the Khyber, Kurram, and South and North Waziristan Agencies" in 1947, like the British policy dictated before the existence of Pakistan

1949
Afghan parliament declared the Durand Line a "bogus and fictitious" border.
1953-1978
Soviet Union gave Afghanistan 2.5 billion dollars for economic and military aid, and many soldiers went to school in Soviet Union. This is what may have been the lead up of the Soviet invasion in 1979.
2001
The US entered Afghanistan by the regards of the Taliban, demanding that Pakistan take responsibility for dealing with Islamist groups who fled into their territory.
2007
American institute of Afghanistan studies and the Hollings center had a private conference in Istanbul to look over the problem with academic perspectives with policy-relevant analysis. What was concluded wasn’t as helpful since it was agreed that the Duran line created most of Afghanistan-Pakistan problems and cannot be solved without the other problems being resolved first. It continues to be in question as the subject is of controversial and an emotional topic.
2013
Afghanistan and Pakistan attempt to sign a "strategic agreement" for the first time.

Both Pakistan and Afghanistan are multinational states.
The Line divides the Pashtun territory, being the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.

British: Controlled Afghanistan during the formation of the line.
India: Controlled Pakistan during the formation of the line.
America: Provided help to Afghanistan to aid them in their war
NATO: supported the Afghanistan government to bring peace between the two countries.

Challenges
Getting Afghanistan and Pakistan to discuss terms.
Controlling ethnic groups that are involved.
Having the two nations come to a compromise.
Outcome
Eventually come to an agreement, the casualties depending.
Challenges:
- Stubbornness
- Conflict since 1893
- No agreement thus far

Outcome:
- One will give up land
- No war
Full transcript