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Missouri Compromise

Missouri Compromise
by

Meillyn McVeigh

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Missouri Compromise

The Missouri Compromise A little bit of backround information... In the year 1819, there were 22 states in the United States. 11 of them were states that permitted slavery, while 11 of them were free states. For years, there had been an unspoken agreement among the states to keep the number of free and slave states the same. What about Missouri? When the territory of Missouri applied for statehood, the balance of slave and free states was in jepordy. Congress simply could not agree as to whether it should be a slave state, or a free state. Missouri was not permitted into the United States. Maine applies for statehood. Two years later, Maine applied for statehood. Congress took up the issue of Missouri's statehood once again. The southerners wanted it to be a slave state, while the northerners wanted it to be free. Eventually, Henry Clay of Kentucky came up with a compromise. Henry Clay proposes the Missouri Compromise Henry Clay proposed the Missouri Compromise to keep both the north and south satisfied. That's where he earned the nickname, the "Great Compromiser". Here's what he proposed: You have this picture on your worksheet. First thing Henry Clay proposed, Missouri is a slave state, and Maine is a free state. Use two different color highlighters. Use one to color Missouri as a slave state, and the other to color Maine as a free state. (Make sure to have a key!) The next thing that Henry Clay proposed was that all territories above line of lattitude 36 30' will always be free states, if they apply for State hood. All territories south of this line will be slave states. On your map, take a dark marker or a pen and trace this line. The Missouri compromise passed in congress, but barely. It really pleased neither side, but just kept the north and the south together. Some review questions... Why was Missouri denied access to state hood when it first applied? Because if it was admitted, it would throw off the balance betweem slave and free states. Who was Henry Clay? What was his nickname? He was a representative from Kentucky that proposed the Missouri Compromise. He was called the "Great Compromiser". Use this map Point out Missouri and Maine. Which one is the free state? Which one is the slave state? Missouri was a slave state, and Maine was the free state. Point out the line of lattitude 36 30'. What was the significance of this line? New states added north of this line would always be free states, wwhile states south of this line would always be slave states. Any Questions? Created by... Meillyn McVeigh And Megan Conner
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