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Transcript of Revolutions
What: A revolution
Where: Kingdom of England
Why: Parliament wanted to be called more often by kings and wanted the power to tax *We determined our ratings based on the 8 Characteristics of revolutions provided to us in class.*
1. "Conditions Worsen, numerous classes/groups are discontent"
2. "Major demands made of government which, if granted, would mean the end of this (form of) government"
3. "Unsuccessful government attempts to suppress revolutionaries."
4."Revolutionaries overthrow the existing power and seem united"
5."Once in power, revolutionaries begin to quarrel among themselves, and unity begins to dissolve. The moderates gain the leadership but fail to satisfy those who insist on further changes."
6. "Power is gained by progressively more radical groups until finally a lunatic fringe gains almost complete control. A strong man emerges and assumes great power."
7. " Extremists/radicals try to create a "heaven on earth" by introducing their whole program and by punishing all their opponents. A period of terror occurs, often with a secret police or bunch of military rooting out all threats to the (radical) revolutionary government"
8. "Moderate groups regain power. The revolution is 'over', but society/government goes on, with some 'revolutionary' changes made to it." Who: the thirteen American colonies and Great Britain
What: A revolution
Where: England and North America
Why: the colonies wanted fair governing from foreign ruler Revolutionary Rating 1- not revolutionary
5-most revolutionary Final Results American
34 TRUE Rating: 3 TRUE Because...the military began to occupy colonies and territories. The Intolerable Acts were laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Massachusetts after the Boston Tea party. The acts took away Massachusetts' self government and historic rights. This led to outrage in the Thirteen Colonies. "Unsuccessful government attempts to suppress revolutionaries." Rating: 2 "Unsuccessful government attempts to suppress revolutionaries." TRUE Because...people were being imprisoned for political reasons. Also, Parliament was dismissed. Rating: 4 True True True Because... Puritans, the people, prisoners, and parliament were upset. Parliament was upset because the Kings let them have little to no part in the government. Rating: 4 Because...the people were being taxed unjustly without representation. The Sons of Liberty carried out the Boston Tea Party. Their motto was "No taxation without representation." The Boston Tea Party was when colonists threw taxed tea into the Boston Harbor. The Stamp Act Congress was a meeting of representatives from some of the British colonies which came together to boycott the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act required the use of specially stamped paper for virtually all business in the colonies. These actions could have led the end of the government due to the peoples' anger towards their leaders. Because... the government went from an absolute monarchy to limited monarchy and the petition of right was signed which is the power to tax in Parliament. Rating: 4 Rating: 5 "Revolutionaries overthrow the existing power and seem united" TRUE Because...the 1st continental congress declared independence. Rating: 4 "Revolutionaries overthrow the existing power and seem united" TRUE Because...the people agreed on the execution of their King, Charles I, and the personal rule of Oliver Cromwell. Rating: 4 "Once in power, revolutionaries begin to quarrel among themselves, and unity begins to dissolve. The moderates gain the leadership but fail to satisfy those who insist on further changes." TRUE Because...they disagreed over how democratic the country should be. Rating: 2 "Once in power, revolutionaries begin to quarrel among themselves, and unity begins to dissolve. The moderates gain the leadership but fail to satisfy those who insist on further changes." TRUE Because...they had questions about taxation, religion, and whether or not the needed to have a king. Rating: 4 Brinton, Crane. "The Anatomy of Revolution." New York: Prentice-Hall, 1952. Print. "Online Library of Liberty." "Online Library of Liberty." N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. Rating: 1 Rating: 4 Rating: 1 Rating: 4 Rating: 5 Rating: 5 "What Was the Stamp Act Congress? Summary of 1765 Stamp Act Congress." Totally History Stamp Act Congress 1765 Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. "The English Civil War." The English Civil War. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. "Military." The American Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013. The English Revolution was more revolutionary than the American Revolution because of 5 major reasons. One-unlike the American Revolution, The English Revolution began because not only the people, but parliament, (which was a part of their government) was discontent. Two-early on in the English Revolution the government totally changed by going from an absolute monarchy to limited monarchy, whereas the Americans only made changes to their existing government. Three-the English dismissed Parliament and imprisoned their own people while America didn’t go to this extreme, but created the Intolerable Acts. Four-Americans did agree upon the idea of independence but …the English seemed united by the execution of their own King. Five-While America disagreed over how democratic their country should be, the English disagreed upon starting their new government and all of the questions that went along with this process. "Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum." Sons of Liberty. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. "Power is gained by progressively more radical groups until finally a lunatic fringe gains almost complete control. A strong man emerges and assumes great power" False True Oliver Cromwell was an English military and political leader who became dictator. He took part in religious and moral reforms at the time. In addition to this he also played a part in executing the king. The history of England had key turning points during the time of his rule. After the victory in the Civil War, parliament decided that never again would a king rule England entirely on his own. "Extremists/radicals try to create a "heaven on earth" by introducing their whole program and by punishing all their opponents. A period of terror occurs, often with a secret police or branch of military rooting out all threats to the (radical) revolutionary government" False True Oliver Cromwell took power after the execution of King Charles. He was a Puritan and believed that everybody should lead their lives according to what was written in the Bible. Cromwell set many rules and he essentially set forth laws which were enforced by the use of soldiers. He banned many things in order for the people to live the way he felt was correct. In addition to this he had a hatred for Catholics and many were persecuted. True Even after the revolution was essentially over the American Revolution had a lasting effect by making America a republic instead of the limited monarchy they previously had. In being a republic, the citizens also took part in the government and could vote. True In order to end the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary signed the English Bill of Rights. This lead to an increase in personal liberty and democracy in Britain. During the American Revolution the people were united together to fight for their independence. Their was no one powerful man that took control. One man that had a large impact was Thomas Jefferson. He was considered one of the Founding Fathers of the US but did not take on any extreme role such as a dictator. There was no extremists/radicals that tried to take over and create their view of a "heaven on earth." The people were united during the revolution and were working together to reach their goal of independence.