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American Indian Movement
Transcript of American Indian Movement
Discuss with a partner whether you think it's right for Native American children to be raised in foster care HOT ROC! Began in Minneapolis, Minnesota – 1968
Founded by Clyde H. Bellecourt
First worked monitoring police radios, to combat police brutality towards Native Americans
Has grown and become involved in most Native American civil rights protests History of the American Indian Movement Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968 Passed by Congress in 1968
Supposed to guarantee equality for American Indians
Also recognized tribal laws
In practice, didn't have much actual effect
There was still a lot of discrimination Trail of Broken Treaties Caravan that began on the West coast of North America and traveled North to Washington D.C.
Purpose: 20 point position paper that would re-establish Native American sovereignty.
Pres. Nixon would later reject these demands Febuary 11th 1978- ceremony on alcatraz island where they filled a sacred pipe full of tobacco and walked for 3,200 miles.
Was a spiritual walk to spread awareness of the poor conditions and damage the government had done to American Indians
From San Fransisco to Washington D.C> Keenan, Andrei, Aditya,
Tyler, and Eric American Indian Movement South Dakota Foster Care Issues Occupation of Alcatraz November 20, 1969, to June 11, 1971
return Alcatraz to Native Americans
Add sufficient funding to build, maintain and operate an Indian cultural complex and university.
Government negotiated by refuted all demands
However, it did inspire Red Power, pride about being an American Indian Wounded Knee In 1973, American Indian protesters called for government changes in South Dakota
Name sound familiar? Native Americans were massacred here in 1890
70 days later, the FBI stormed the location, and two Native Americans were killed. Indian Self Determination Act + Educational Assistance Act - 1975 Allowed govt. agencies to make grants to tribes and let those tribes decide how to use funds
Provided more funds for Indian Education from the government To Summarize: An average of 700 Native American children in South Dakota are removed from their homes (essentially kidnapped) and placed in foster care each year, often in violation of federal law
Federal gov't grants more money for foster systems to take care of children with special needs
South Dakota systems listed all Native American foster children as special needs to get more money ($12,000 for special needs children vs $4,000 for non-special needs) Life on the Reservations Today 3-4 million American Indians in the US
1/2 to 1/3 live on reservations
28.4% in poverty
median income: around $35,000 (U.S. median income: around $50,000)
unemployment nationwide for native americans = 15%-20%
largest sources of income: casinos and natural gas taxes
Bureau of Indian Affairs deals with Indian relations in the federal government ANY
QUESTIONS? Discuss: Do you think the Native Americans were justified to take over Alcatraz? Why or why not? 1. Restoration of treaty making (ended by Congress in 1871).
2. Establishment of a treaty commission to make new treaties (with sovereign Native Nations).
3. Indian leaders to address Congress.
4. Review of treaty commitments and violations.
5. Unratified treaties to go before the Senate.
6. All Indians to be governed by treaty relations.
7. Relief for Native Nations for treaty rights violations.
8. Recognition of the right of Indians to interpret treaties.
9. Joint Congressional Committee to be formed on reconstruction of Indian relations.
10. Restoration of 110 million acres of land taken away from Native Nations by the United States. 11. Restoration of terminated rights.
12. Repeal of state jurisdiction on Native Nations.
13. Federal protection for offenses against Indians.
14. Abolishment of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
15. Creation of a new office of Federal Indian Relations.
16. New office to remedy breakdown in the constitutionally prescribed relationships between the United States and Native Nations.
17. Native Nations to be immune to commerce regulation, taxes, trade restrictions of states.
18. Indian religious freedom and cultural integrity protected.
19. Establishment of national Indian voting with local options; free national Indian organizations from governmental controls
20. Reclaim and affirm health, housing, employment, economic development, and education for all Indian people. Most Important/Contoversial? Most Important/Contoversial? GAME TIME!!!!!!! jeopardylabs.com/play/native-americans-jeopardy4