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Civil War Lesson 1
Transcript of Civil War Lesson 1
North and South Grow Apart
SS5H1 The student will
explain the causes, major
events, and consequences of
the Civil War.
b. Discuss how the issues
of states’ rights and slavery
increased tensions between the
North and South.
1. How did slavery cause tensions between
the North and the South?
2. What is an abolitionist?
How did the North and South live?
Southerners lived in a mostly rural way
Most lived on farms and in small towns.
Most of these farms were family owned.
Farms were mostly worked by slaves
Many people in the North lived in cities
Most worked in factories doing intensive labor
Sectionalism is a loyalty to a specific
section of a country rather than the entire
The North wanted to stop goods being
imported (brought in). They wanted to keep
the money local, buying and selling the goods
that they could make themselves.
The south wanted to buy the imported goods
at lower prices so they wanted to continue
bringing in goods.
After economics, what does this do for supply/demand and producers/consumers?
Let’s now compare the
North and the South living
Another part of the South...Slavery
Slavery made money for the South since they had so many farms.
About 6 out of 10 slaves worked picking cotton.
By 1850 most Northern states had outlawed slavery—gotten rid of it.
Even those African Americans that were free did not have the same rights as whites.
A slave that has been beaten.
This was common when they were not ‘working or working hard enough” according to their Master.
A group of slaves outside the Plantation.
This included men, women, and children.
Different views on slavery...
Abolitionists are people that are against slavery.
They believe that it is wrong for a human to own another human.
David Walker tried to stand up against and asked the southern slave owners: How would you like it if you were a slave?
Southerners argued that slaves had a better life than the factory workers in the North.
A person who tried to stand up:
an extreme abolitionist
Led the raid on Harper’s Ferry
He began his concern for stopping slavery when he met Frederick Douglass.
Although he was white, he wanted to stand up for what he thought was wrong.
He was from the North.
Raid on Harpers Ferry:
On October 16, 1859, Brown led 21 men in an attack at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. The arsenal contained 100,000 muskets and rifles. He planned to seize the weapons and arm local slaves.
The raid initially went well. They cut the telegraph wires and easily captured the armory, which was being defended by a single watchman.
Things started to go wrong when a train came to town. The train's baggage master tried to warn the passengers. Brown's men yelled for the train to halt, but they opened fire. Local farmers, shopkeepers, and militiamen firing from the heights behind the town pinned down the raiders in the armory. At noon, a company of militiamen seized the bridge, blocking the only escape route. It was a success.
How did it end???
On November 2, after a week-long trial, a jury found John Brown guilty of murder, treason, and inciting a slave insurrection. He was hanged on December 2, 1859.
On the day of his death he wrote "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. I had, as I now think, vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed it might be done."