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Ancient China ABCs
Transcript of Ancient China ABCs
Asia is the place where China is. It also holds India and Japan. And is one of the oldest continents. It is connected to Europe and close to Africa.
A dynasty is "a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group" -
in Ancient China. Like the Han Dynasty, and the Shang Dynasty. There are timelines of the dynasties that have happened in the past. The last dynasty was the Quin Dynasty.
The Han Dynasty was the next dynasty to have the emperor. The Han Dynasty has two period: the Former Han (206 B.C. - 9 A.D.) and the Later Han (25 - 220 A.D.).
Beijing is the capitol of China. It held the Winter Olympics in 2008. It has over 3,000 years of history. Beijing is the second largest city in China and is the capitol of the People's Republic of China.
Confucius (or Kung Fu Tzu in Chinese), wanted the government job. He was born in 551 BC and died at the age 72. Confucius' family had one been rich, his family was poor. His family and the emperor had a fight and he took all there money. When he grew up he was teacher.
Emperor Quin Shi Huang was the first emperor of China. He created a whole army of clay soldier called Terracotta Warriors that archeologists estimate took them 37 years. When he was 22 he was powerful and when he was a grown adult he wanted to "unify the states like Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan and Qi" -
The Great Wall of China, is now 5500 miles but in ancient China it was about 13,170 miles. China started building in the 7th century B.C.. The Great Wall was a defense against intruders of war. The people that help build were soldiers, peasants, and prisoners.
Ideographs is the letters of the chinese alphabet. They are now called characters. There are over 80,000 characters.
"a sign or symbol, used in such writing systems as those of China or Japan, that directly represents a concept, idea, or thing rather than a word or set of words for it" -
Jade, one of the items sold in the Silk Road. It was also used for statues, like dragons, and also it was used for jewelry. To the chinese it was above silver and gold.
"Jade was worn by kings and nobles and after death placed with them in the tomb."
Lao Tzu (most commonly known as Laozi), was "the first philosopher in Chinese Daoism"
. He was a daoist writer. He was also worshiped as Tang dynasty relative.
Mount Everest is the largest mountain in the world. It is 28,976 feet. It was named after Sir George Everest. "It is almost unthinkable…that I shan’t get to the top; I can’t see myself coming down defeated," wrote Goerge Mallory, who was on the first three writen expeditions.
Chinese New Year is connected with the Chinese calender. It has started been called the Spring Festival since the 20th century.
Oracle Bones are the only way we can learn about ancient China and there writing. Oracle Bones are called that because they are written on turtle shells and animal bones. The Oracle Bones was the first writing scrips in China. They carved characters in to write stories and such.
Pagodas are Buddhist buildings that are used for stashing gold treasures and people didn't go in them. They were shorter when they started in the Han Dynasty, but got taller in the Sung Dynasty. Buddhism was new for China. India had had the buddhist religion for year and years.
Qin Shi Huang's tomb is a secret still to this day. No one has seen in side since the people who put the first emporer there, until the 20th century. It has mercury around it so no one get in.
The road was route that went from China to Europe. Middlemen bought things in China like: jewels, silk, jade, etc. Then they brought it to Europe. Usually they bought it cheep, and sold them in Europe at a very high price. It took them about three years so it would make sense that to rase the price.
The Shang Dynasty was the first recorded dynasty, it was written on a oracle bone. It was the dynasty to make the lunar chinese calender. It was also the most wealthy dynasty.
"The architects of the Shang period built houses of timber over rammed-earth floors, with walls of wattle and daub and roofs of thatch." -
The Tang Dynasty came after the Sui Dynasty. It also made a form of government that actually worked. The Tang Dynasty made a golden age, by have a lot of food and crops. Its first emperor of this dynasty was named Emperor Taizong. He made these things happen.
The Umbrellas in ancient China were at first made of silk. They were very expensive so only rich people could have them. They became a symbol of power quickly because they were so expensive.
"Chinese royal members carried only red or yellow umbrellas, while rest used blue ones." -
The one of the last surviving villages is Lijiang. Over half a million people live there. It started at Yuan Dynasty and kept growing Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty. The city was made next to where the Jade River turns into three parts. The river kept the people there because of the fresh water.
Xi Jiang River
The Xi Jiang River is the second largest river system in China. It also can be called the Pearl River. It is about 1,300 miles long. It divides into three parts: the Xi Jiang, the Beijang, and the Dongjiang. The Xi Jiang is the biggest.
The Yellow River is the second biggest river in China. It is about 3,395 miles. Chinese people sometimes say that it is the "mother river"
. "It is not exaggerating to say that this river is a melting port, because there are more than 30 branches and countless streams feeding it through its course." -
Zhou Dynasty was emperor for over a million years. This dynasty had been around with the Shang Dynasty for over 2000 or so years. Zhou had two parts. The Eastern and Westen Zhou Dynasties. China had some changes like: Iron, ox-drawn plows, crossbows, and horseback riding were all introduced.
Emperors are the kings of China. Emperors are religious and sometimes mean just like kings. There is a long history of emperors.
Kites were used to celebrate holidays. They were festive. At first they were made of light wood and were shaped as a bird. China was the first people to make kites.
The wheelbarrow was born in the Han Dynasty. They were made with wood just like they are now. They have only two types. One had a wheel in the front and you push it on the back. The second you pulled it from the front.