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Transcript of Mark Savickas
Career Construction Theory
What is Career Construction Theory?
What research has been done on this theory?
How can we apply this theory?
What are some recommendations for using this theory?
Q's & A's
Received his B.A. and M.A. at John Carroll University, Ph.D. at Kent State University, and Doctorate in Portugal.
Professor of Behavioral Sciences at the Northeastern Ohio Medical University and Adjunct Professor of Counselor Education at Kent State University.
He has served as editor for the Career Development Quarterly (1991-1998) and is currently editor for the Journal of Vocational Behavior since 1999.
He received the John L. Holland Award for Outstanding Achievement in Career and Personality Research (1994) and the Leona Tyler Award for Distinguished Contributions to Counseling Psychology (2011) from the Society for Counseling Psychology of the American Psychological Association.
Developed Career Construction Theory
Career Construction Theory
"The theory of career construction explains the interpretive and interpersonal processes through which individuals impose meaning and direction on their vocational behavior." (Savickas)
In other words, career construction says that people form their careers based on how they behave at their job and their occupational experiences.
An individuals career history creates a personal story that counselors can look at to create a personal narrative for their client.
This theory can be used to help individuals create deeper meaning and broader mattering in their daily work.
Career Construction Cont.
Testing the theory
Savickas and colleagues have written numerous articles about this theory and their use of CSI has been analyzed.
Researchers have investigates the perspectives of counselors who have used the CSI with their clients.
Counselors stated that the CSI was useful in helping clients identify life themes and increase their self-understanding.
There is more research and theory validation is needed, especially regarding diverse populations.
Savickas has formed an international research team to begin this process, and the theory is continuing to be used within and outside of the U.S.
Who is Mark Savickas?
Career Style Interview (CSI)
The questions work to elicit life goals that can be related to specific careers. They are meant to guide the client in self-exploration.
Helps them attach meaning to their career behavior.
Start by asking clients to share three specific early life recollections.
1. Who do you admire? Who would you like to pattern your life after? Who did you admire when you were growing up? Why? How are you like them?
2. Do you read any magazines regularly? Which ones? What do you like about these magazines? Do you have any favorite television shows?
3. What do you like to do in your free time? What are your hobbies?
4. Do you have a favorite saying or motto? Tell me a saying that you remember hearing?
5. What are/were your favorite subjects in school? Why? What subjects do/did you hate? Why?
Theory in Action
1. "My Dad because he always had a strong work ethic, was very compassionate, and loved his family with everything. I would like to think I am like his because I am very motivated, empathetic, and family oriented.
2. "I enjoy reading non fiction books or autobiographies because I learn a lot about peoples lives and how they overcome their struggles."
3. "I enjoy spending time with my family and friends. I also like to read and do things outdoors."
4. "Everything happens for a reason."
"Everything will work out the way it is suppose to."
5. "Psychology and Sociology because I loved learning about people and ways to help people. I never enjoyed math or science because it seemed boring."
What can we infer about this person?
1). Differential: What different people prefer to do in their work.
2). Developmental: Various ways in which people cope with career development tasks and transitions.
3). Dynamic: The different ways people use life themes to develop meaning in their career behavior.
Career construction theory uses personal stories rather than assessment scores.
Career related "traits" are viewed as strategies for connecting with the environment.
Use of Career Style Interview helps to find meaning.
Q's & A's
1.) What is the name of Mark Savickas' theory?
a) Career Style Theory
b) Career Inventory Theory
c) Career Construction Theory
d) Narrative Career Theory
2.) What assessment tool did Savickas use with his clients?
a) Life Style Assessment
b) Career Style Interview
c) Career Development Interview
3.) What are the three different perspectives that are incorporated in this theory?
a) Differentional, developmental, dynamic
b) Developmental, dialectic, and dichotomous
c) Dynamic, deterred, and developmental
d) Distinct, differential, and dynamic
4.) Which of these things is not included in the CSI questions?
a) Who do you admire?
b) What is your dream job?
c) What is your favorite magazine?
d) What are your hobbies?
5.) How many core questions are in the CSI?
Niles, S. & Harris-Bowlsby, J. (2009).
Career Development Interventions in the
21st century (3rd ed.) Upper Saddle River,
Savickas, M. (1997) Career Adaptability: An
Integrative Construct for Life Span, Life-Space
Theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247-259.