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Hina Sarwar The third caliph Election of Uthaman Umar, on his deathbed formed a committiee of 6 people to choose the next caliph from among themselves.
The committee was:
Uthman Ibn Affan
Abdur Rahman Ibn Awf
Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas
Most, voted for Uthman so on the fourth day after Umar's death Uthman was elected as the third caliph. Who was Uthman Ibn Affan? The Rebellion against
Sayyiduna Uthman Sayyiduna Uthman ruled for twelve years. While the first six years were marked by internal peace, rebellion rose during the second half of his caliphate. The islamic state expanded massively under his rule.
There were a group of rebels that gathered in Egypt complaining that Sayyiduna Uthman appointed governers who were from his own clan and not the best people for the job. They were led my Muhammad, son of Abu Bakr. Uthman's Family Uthman bin Affan was born into a rich family. His father was a wealthy merchant who died when Uthman was young. Uthman took over the business, and became known as a hard-working and generous man.
Uthman was married to the Prophet's daughter, Ruqaiyyah. After her death, Uthman married the Prophet's other daughter, Umm Kulthum. The group of armed rebels marched to Madina. They met some of the leading Sahabah in Madina and told them about their complaints. Uthman agreed to listen to their demands and remove the Governor of Egypt and appointed Muhamaad Ibn Abi Bakr instead. Uthman Ibn Affan Uthman ibn Affan was one of the companions of Prophet Muhammad (SAW). He played a major role in early Islamic history as he was elected as the third of the Rashidun Caliphs after the passing of Umar Bin Al-Khattab. Collection of the Noble Qur'an Uthman was deeply attached to the Holy Qur'an. His words say how he greatly loved to live with the book of Allah.
Some Muslims were disputing the Quranic text, each claiming theirs to be the authentic version. Their versions were various languages and some were arabic.
Uthman was keen to keep the language of the Qur'an as it had been revealed from Allah to The Prophet(SAW). In the 25th year of Hijrah, Uthman ordered all the collection of all the copies of the Qur'an available and chose the quran to be in the standered format in the dialect of the Quraish. Uthman entrusted Zaid Bin Thabit, himself an authority on the qur'anic text, to work with other trustworthy companions of the Prophet.
Then he ordered four true copies to be made. Each one was sent to each region of the empire and ordered them to destroy any other copies. The Al-Mushaf Al-Uthmani is considered the master copy of the Qur'anic text. The rebels were happy:) and pleased :D with the outcome and started on their journey back to Egypt. On the way, they were overtaken by one of the slaves of Uthman who was rushing to Egypt on full speed. On him, they found a letter bearing the seal of the Caliph and ordering the Govener of Egypt to stay in his place and to kill Muhamaad Ibn Abi Waqqas. The rebels were furious :@ and returned back to Madina, demanding an explanation. They complained once again to some of the leading sahabah in Madina. These sahabas, which included Sayyiduna Ali and Sayyiduna Zubayr and others, spoke to Uthman who swore an oath by Allah that he did not send that letter! Marwan, a relative of Uthman was suspected of having sent the letter without Uthmans permission but Sayyiduna Uthman refused to hand him over to the rebels. The sahabah knew that Uthman would not make a false oath but the letter was an act of treachery which needed to be resolved. The rebels surrounded the house of house of Sayyiduna Uthman. Ali bin Abi Talib sent his sons Al-Hasan and Al-Hussain along with several others to defend Uthman be he refused to fight the rebels for fear of causing death of Muslims. Then one day Uthman freed twenty slaves. Thereafter he said,'I saw the the Messenger of Allah(SAW) in a dream, aswell as Abu Bakr and Umar, and they say to me 'be patient, for you are going to break fast with us soon.' ''Then he requested Then one day Uthman freed twenty slaves. Thereafter he said,'I saw the the Messenger of Allah(SWA) in a dream, as well as Abu Bakr and Umar, and they say to me 'be patient, for you are going to break fast with us soon.' ''Then he requested for a copy of the Qur'an and he opened it in front of him. The rebels then broke into Uthman's house by burning down the door and entering with none of the companions were with him. Three rebels rebels entered the house. One of them was Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr. When Uthman saw him with a drawn sword, he said,''What if your father saw you now?'' Muhammad Ibn Abi Bakr. Muhammad then turned away in shame and did not attack him!
But the other two rebels struck him with their weapons. The first sword struck Uthman while the Qur'an was still in his hand, and the first drop of blood fell upon the words. (2:137) THE END