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Transcript of Pharmacy
A pharmacy is a store where medicinal drugs are dispensed. It is the art and science of preparing and dispensing drugs and medicines.
In the early 1800s, there were no pharmaceutical regulations in the United States. A person could practice in the field of pharmacy for six months then make and sell their own medications. In current times students must complete one year in pre-pharmacy and then apply to a four year program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy. During these four years classes consist of many different levels of pharmacy credits. These classes cover organic chemistry, human body structures, basic nutrition, pharmacy skills, pharmaceutical dosage forms and dispensing, patient skills, etc.
Types of Pharmacies
Pharmacists practice in a variety of areas. There are community pharmacies, hospitals pharmacies, compounding pharmacies, independent pharmacies, and many more.
The role of the pharmacist has been redefined from that of a dispenser of medications to an important health care team member. Pharmacists now consult closely with patients with chronic diseases, offer medication adherence strategies, and heighten the profession’s influence overall. Pharmacists roles are changing from being someone who dispenses drugs to more of a drug therapist who educates their patients. This allows people to now go into the pharmacy and leave feeling educated and comfortable with the medications they are taking.
In Canada, the average pay for a pharmacist is anywhere between $62,645 to $118,042. An average salary is around $95,000 per year. The hourly rate for a pharmacist is based on number of years of experience you have. After 20 years of experience you can make anywhere between $40.35 and $59.84 per hour.
Role of a Pharmacist
Pharmacists responsibilities vary depending on where they are placed. Although every pharmacists role is to help patients get well; they also care for patients, dispense medication, and monitor patient health.Pharmacists also educate patients on the drug they are being prescribed, or over the counter drugs as well. They explain side effects they may encounter and what they should or should not take with the drug. Pharmacists also check to make sure the drugs will not interact with other medication in a harmful way.
The profession of pharmacy can be traced back as far as 4000 BC. Back in this time they used medicinal plants such as liquorice, mustard, myrrh, and opium. There were certain individuals who prepared medications, while others provided the diagnosis. Prior to the role of a pharmacist, the person providing medication would also combine their role with that of a priest.
How does a Pharmacy degree differ from a pharmacology degree?
Hospital pharmacies are found within the premise of the hospital. Pharmacists working in a hospital pharmacy have more advanced clinical medication management skills. Along with working in the pharmacy, pharmacists will also deliver medication to different wards.
Coca-Cola was invented by a trained pharmacist John Pemberton. Until 1905, Coca Cola contained extracts of cocaine as well as the caffeine rich kola nut which Pemberton drank to counteract his own addiction to morphine
A community pharmacy is usually found in retail stores or can also be found as an independent pharmacy. In these types of pharmacies there is at least one pharmacist on duty at all times with the techs.
The role of compounding pharmacy is to make drugs prescribed by doctors for specific patients with needs that can't be met by medications that are already produced. A compounding pharmacy would make the proper dosage and form of the drug without any harmful drug interactions.
An independent pharmacy is a retail pharmacy that is not directly associated with a chain of pharmacies and is not owned by a publicly traded company. Independent pharmacies are run by a pharmacist and are privately owned.
Residency in Pharmacy Practice
With a Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy it opens up many opportunities for you. Not only can you work in hospital, community or independent pharmacies, you could also pursue a job in the fields of sales and marketing, research, production, and quality control. Pharmacists also have the opportunity to work in analytical laboratories, and in administration positions as consultants, government inspectors, and heath officers.
A pharmacy degree is a degree in the study of Pharmacy. You have medication knowledge as well as you are an important part to the health care team in educating patients about medication they are consuming. A degree in pharmacology deals with the study of drug composition and properties. It deals with the preparation, use and effects on drugs.
Students who are studying in the field of pharmacy also have the opportunity to apply for the residency program. A residency in pharmacy practice is a twelve month program. This program, includes structured rotations in pharmacy practice, education, research and administration, to prepare pharmacists for challenging pharmacy situations. A pharmacist in the residency program has the opportunity to go along side a pharmacist and practice in each of the different wards in the hospitals, managing different medications patients may be on. They spend roughly 3 weeks in a ward before rotating.
Top Selling Medications
1.Lipitor - to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke
2.Nexium - for acid reflux disease
3.Plavix - to prevent stroke and heart attack
4.Advair Diskus - to treat asthma
5.Abilify - for mental disorders
One of the most commonly used symbols is Mortar & Pestle. It came from the ancient pharmacists who used the Mortar & Pestle to mix and crush the pharmaceutical ingredients.
Another commonly used symbol is Rx which stands for the latin word recipe, meaning to take or receive. It may also represent the Eye of Horus or the ancient symbol for Zeus or Jupiter.
In Netherlands, Bowl of Hygieia is the symbol for pharmacy. It has been derived from the Greek god of Hygiene (Hygieia) who is also the daughter of Asclepius( Greek God of medicine and healing). The Bowl of Hygieia Award is presented to pharmacists with outstanding contributions in the field
Green Greek Cross is the symbol used in France, Argentina, U.K, Belgium, Ireland, Italy, Spain and India
Red Stylized letter ‘A’ is another symbol used in Germany and Austria. This letter came from the german word “Apotheke” which means pharmacy.
A symbol is something used to represent something else. Usually in the form of a letter, figure or character. Pharmacy has many different symbols to represent Pharmacy in different countries.
White Coat Ceremony
The white coat ceremony is a meaningful tradition where schools welcome first year students as colleagues. Pharmacy alumni present students with a white coat as a symbol of clinical service and care.