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HLTH AGE 4I03 - AGE FRIENDLY DIMENSION OF SOCIAL PARTICIPATION

KATIE, GURSHAM, ALEXANDRA, JULIA
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julia ostrowski

on 3 April 2013

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Transcript of HLTH AGE 4I03 - AGE FRIENDLY DIMENSION OF SOCIAL PARTICIPATION

Range of Events and Activities Our Strategies 2 What are the Barriers and Obstacles to an Age Friendly City? Recommendations and Strategies 1 What are the key components of social participation? Affordability Age Friendly Dimension of Social Participation Flyers What is active ageing? How Does It Relate to Active Aging? 1. Accessibility of events and activities
2. Affordability
3. Range of events and activities
4. Facilities and settings
5. Promotion of awareness of activities
6. Addressing isolation
7. Fostering community integration Recommendations and Strategies Offer a range of volunteering opportunities
Offer a wider range of local activities
Offer free activities
Advertise opportunities various forms of communication (radio, tv, newspaper, flyers, telephone)
Encourage a neighbourhood support system Fostering Community Integration Location is convenient
Option of participating with friend/caregiver
Times of events are convenient
Admission is open Accessibility of Events and Activities Key Components of Social Participation Environmental
Structural
Economic
Political
Social
Communication Barriers What are the issues?
How could we get them to engage in social events and activities?
What are the obstacles that would be present?
How could such events/activities be promoted within the community? Activity By: Katie, Gursharn, Alexandra, and Julia HLTH AGE
4I03 Accessible Opportunities Many participants in AFC project considered the events and activities to be inaccessible
Personal safety
Locations – too distant
Transportation – too difficult
Inadequate facilities
Inaccessible buildings
Restricted admission Affordable Activities Facilitate participation by older adults
Cost of activities – frequent problem
Adequate incomes required to participate in recreation and leisure activities
Charging prices for activities discourage participation Range of Opportunities Variety encourages more participation
Fewer options for individuals who are frail or disabled
Rigid schedules
Meeting personal needs vs. participating in activity
Location – determinant of level of social participation
Religious activities, socializing within faith communities – important form of participation Awareness of Activities and Events Must know about activities in order to participate
Word of mouth
‘More older people can be engaged if there is enough publicity to attract participants..’ 1. Accessible Opportunities
2. Affordable Activities
3. Range of Opportunities
4. Awareness of activities and events
5. Encouraging Participation and Addressing Isolation
6. Integrating Generations, Cultures and Communities Encouraging Participation and Addressing Social Isolation Easier when opportunities close to home
Abundance of opportunities
Community centres – walkable distances for older people
Reasons for expressing reluctance:Not knowing anyone
May have to associate with particular political view
Activities not appealing
Social contacts eroded (death of spouse)
Health declining Integrating Generations, Cultures and Communities Intergenerational activities more desirable than activities for older people alone
Sharing spaces and facilities
Many older people want to participate in their families in a meaningful way
Some families may not give enough consideration to older people
A way to counter ageism
Enriches experience for all ages Environmental Barriers Sidewalks
Inadequate snow removal
Traffic lights
Street lighting
Inadequate resting areas
Transportation issues
Personal transportation
Public Transportation Structural Barriers Parking/Drop off zones
Inadequate Washrooms
Old Buildings
Heavy doors
Lack of ramps and elevators
Accessibility Economic Barriers Income, work, and social protection

Living alone or in rural areas - unreliable or insufficient income

The most vulnerable - those who have no assets, little or no savings, no pensions or social security payments Political Barriers Ageism
lack of respect for older persons
devaluing contribution to society

Studies - attitudes and beliefs of younger people contribute to denying older people opportunities

Society - not geared towards seniors
Access - seen as individual, not common problem

'Still trying' vs. 'No longer trying' Introduction:
What is Social Participation? Participating in leisure, social, cultural and spiritual activities in the community, as well with the family.

Continuation of exercising their competence enjoying respect and esteem, and maintaining supportive and caring relationships. (WHO, 2007) Social Participation Part of the ‘active ageing’ or ‘successful ageing’ discourses

Social participation, social engagement and social connectedness

Social participation declines with age (Ziegler, 2012) Facilities and Settings Gatherings in variety of community locations
Recreation centres, schools, libraries
Accessible and equipped to enable participation
Affordable activities
Stimulating and active options
Vibrant, safe programming in daytime
Training programs geared to focus on specific needs of seniors How does this relate to social participation? “Active ageing applies to both individuals and population groups. It allows people to realize their potential for physical, social, and mental well being throughout the life course and to participate in society according to their needs, desires and capacities, while providing them with adequate protection, security and care when they require assistance. The word “active” refers to continuing participation in social, economic, cultural, spiritual and civic affairs, not just the ability to be physically active or to participate in the labour force”. Active ageing is the process of optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age. Physical inclusion of seniors - essential
Ability to pay - also very important matter
Programs and facilities must allow participation to all members of community
Holding events in public places
Libraries, parks, community centers Promotion of Awareness of Activities There needs to be promotion of awareness of acitivities offered in places where seniors access the most:
- Hospitals
- Long Term Care Homes
- Doctors Offices
- Libraries

Promotion through family members of the elderly:
- Awareness in schools and in the classroom
- Social Media
- Seminars Social Barriers Affordability
Isolation
Public Awareness
Lack of activities
Lack of life-long learning opportunities (HCoA, 2010) (HCoA, 2010) Communication Barriers Access to information
Ongoing education
Automated phone services
Readability
Hearing (HCoA, 2010) (HCoA, 2010)
Transportation
Remote communications
Social services
Informal caregiver support
Volunteer based outreach programs
Ethnicity
Poverty
Caregivers
Social support benefits Future Research Areas: Increase Awareness and Funding for: Addressing Isolation (CoA Hamilton, 2010 and Minichiello, 2000) (Minichiello, 2000) (WHO, 2002) References Children's, women's and seniors health branch. (2004). Social isolation among seniors:an emerging issue. British Columbia Ministry of Health. 1-46.

Hamilton council on aging. (2010). Hamilton: A city for all ages. Ontario Trillium foundation. 1-27.

Minichiello, V., Browne, J., Kendig, H. (2000). Perceptions and consequences of ageism: Views of older people. Ageing and Society, 20, 253-278.

National Seniors Council (2011). Report of the National Seniors Council on volunteering among seniors and positive and active aging.

Statistics Canada (2012) Social participation and the health and well-being of Canadian seniors.

Torjman, S & Makhoul, A (2011). Social inclusion in the City of Hamilton. Caledon Institute of Social Policy.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2002). Active ageing: A policy framework. Geneva, Switzerland. 33-58.

Ziegler, F. (2012). "You have to engage with life, or life will go away": An intersectional life course analysis of older women's social participation in a disadvantaged urban area. Geoform, 43 (6), 1296-1305. doi: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2012.03.013. (Stats CAN, 2012) (Torjman & Makhoul, 2011) (National Seniors Council, 2011) Matching Game:
Barriers Match the barriers with each of the examples in your groups In Conclusion... Social participation is essential for maintaining good health and well-being through the life course.

Through addressing isolation in a proactive manner, as well as fostering community integration among the experienced and aged population, society would be one step closer to achieving a seamless age-friendly city. ACTIVE SENIOR FITNESS CENTER Ethno-Cultural Community Centre Library City Center (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (WHO, 2002) (HCoA, 2010) (HCoA, 2010) To appeal to diverse population of older people

Encourage participation of people of different ages and cultural backgrounds
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