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Black Slave Owners

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by

Giselle C

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of Black Slave Owners

Black Slave Masters?
Free
African American
masters were
similar to white slave owners.
They bought slaves who were employed in their trades. These masters
sold slaves

and placed disobedient slaves in jail or a work house.
In 1850, 83.1% of these masters were mulatto
and nearly
90% of their slaves were dark skinned.
Where did they come from?
Many of these black slave masters were
former slaves
.
They were
released from slavery
because of their blood ties to whites. Others were
liberated due to military duty, faithful service, or saving a life
, as well as other reasons.
The majority of black slave masters
never knew about the dehumanization
(the deprivation of human qualities) of slavery
since they were born of free black parents.
How did they get their slaves?
Many slave owners
inherited their slaves from relatives
Some
owned slaves in West Africa

and
transported their slaves
to the New World.
Many also
bought relatives
who were slaves to white masters.
How did they treat Slaves?
Many of the black slave owners of South Carolina were
former slaves

who
rose from the handcuffs of bondage
to the ranks of slave masters.
The way
black masters treated slaves
was very
similar to the actions of white slave masters.
These black masters
embraced many attitudes of the white community.
Conclusion
Not only were there
white slave masters
but apparently there were
black masters

as well. Black slave owning is a historical event that scholars do not explore. Many graduate students are
surprised
to learn that some free blacks owned slaves themselves. They did not only own them but they treated their slaves with the same
cruelty
as white slave owners did. I believe teachers should
educate
their students on this topic so students can know that all the issues of the slavery era were not only caused by the free white men.
Black Slave Owners
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In many cases, there were blacks who were not legally free into the free black community but later became slave owners. Black masters were both free and in slave status.
Many black masters were not intending to free their slaves and viewed them as a source of labor to utilize for their own benefit. The labor these slaves had to do was not only on their farms and plantations but also in the slave owner's businesses.
Free blacks of caring acts sometimes
used their own money to purchase slaves with the intention of freeing them.
Many free slaves
bought them for unselfish
reasons and
broke the laws

of South Carolina to
maintain the freedom they granted their slaves.
We are each very familiar with white slave owners but who could have imagined that they were not the only ones who owned slaves. There were many black slave owners as well but nobody seems to know about them.
By: Jizzle C
America's First
Slave Owner
Before 1655 there were
no slaves that
were legal within the colonies
. There were
only servants.
Anthony Johnson
was a negro from Angola.
In 1619, he was brought into the U.S to work on a tobacco farm.
When he was released,
he was legally known as a "free negro"

and later began running his own successful farm.
In 1651, he
owned 250 acres of land
and
five black indentured servants.
In 1654, it was time for Anthony to
let go of one of his servants
but instead
extended his time.

Anthony Johnson
What happened?
His servant,
John Casor
,
left Anthony
and became
employed by a free white
man
named
Robert Parker
.

In 1654,
Anthony sued Robert
in court and in 1655 they ruled that Anthony could in fact hold John Casor for an
unlimited amount of time.
The court gave a judicial penalty for owning a slave of his own race.
This caused
John Casor to be the first
slave

and
Anthony to be the first
slave owner.
Bibliography
Koger, Larry. <i>Black Slaveowners: Free Black Slave Masters in South Carolina, 1790-1860</i>. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1985. Print.
http://conservative-headlines.com/2012/03/americas-first-slave-owner-was-a-black-man/
http://www.amren.com/news/2013/03/did-black-people-own-slaves/
Black slave owning
commenced
in the year 1654
and continued all
throughout the Civil War.
Many historians have argued over the question of
why black slave owners owned slaves.
Some argue that
they did it to purchase family
members
in order to protect them while other
historians say that they did it as
“as an act of exploitation”
and
to
gain profit

from their free labor
just as the white slave owners did.
These people were called indentured
servants. They were to only be held for
no more than seven years.
The masters were told to
free their servants
once the

time they were supposed to
serve was over
.
Full transcript