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Hot Topic: Overuse of Antibiotics


Tanya Payne

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Hot Topic: Overuse of Antibiotics

The Overuse Of Antibiotics "Antibiotics are miraculous. They've changed health and medicine over the last 70 years. But when doctors prescribe antibiotics, it is based on the belief that there are no long term effects." - Dr. Martin Blaser Treat Infection and reduce illness
Bactericidal or Bacteriostatic
Only kill bacterial infections, not viral infections
Work on preventing the cell wall, protein synthesis, or nucleic acid
Can be broad spectrum Bacterial Infections VS. Viral Infections Linda Cucinello
Sherry Choi
Kelly Koval
Tanya Payne
Hanna Zibluk How Antibiotics Work How to Safely Take Antibiotics Checking drugs; follow the 6 rights
Knowledge on interactions
drug-drug interactions
drug-food interactions
Patient teaching Checks and 6 rights Checks (3)
MAR to doctors order
MAR to bottle/drug label
Verify patient & check MAR to actual medication 6 rights
drug, dose, time, route, patient, documentation Patient Teaching Take antibiotic exactly as prescribed and for the length of time prescribed
Throw away any left over medication once you have completed your prescription
Do not stop taking medication early when you start to feel better
Do not take antibiotics when you don't need them
contributes to antibiotic resistance Drug information: use, therapeutic effects ,onset, peak, duration
Take a probiotic to prevent suprainfection with antibiotics. Antibiotic Resistance Growing problem
Don't take antibiotics when you don't need them!
When you take antibiotics when you don't need them, it can be harmful
helps resistant bacteria grow
harder to destroy Contraindications Drugs that interfere with age or pregnancy
Drug-Drug interactions
Penicillin, NSAIDS, Oral contraceptives, warfarin
Drug-Food Interactions
Penicillin: don't take with juices
Tetracycline: dairy products, antacids, iron References Clinic Staff, M. (2012, February 12). Antibiotics: Misuse puts you and others at risk. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antibiotics/FL00075
Conley, Mikaela. (2011, Aug 25). Overuse of Antibiotics May Cause Long Term Harm. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/Health/antibiotics-bad-good-bacteria/story?id=14374547#.UINzyoYw_ah
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). Causes of mrsa infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/causes/index.html
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). Definition of mrsa. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/definition/index.html
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). Personal prevention of mrsa skin infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/prevent/personal.html
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). People at risk of acquiring mrsa infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/riskfactors/index.html
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). Symptoms of mrsa. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/symptoms/index.html
Prevention, C. F. D. C. A. (2010, August 9). Treatment of mrsa infections. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/treatment/index.html
Perrone, Mattew. (2012, Jan 25). Pharma's Focus On Rare Disease Drugs Spurs US Aid For Antibiotics. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/25/antibiotics-drugs-pharma-rare-disease_n_1231124.html
Lilley, Rainforth Collins, Harrington, Snyder. (2011). Pharmacology and the Nursing process. (6thed., p. 806). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance. 2011. Retrieved from http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/AntibioticsandAntibioticResistance/default.htm
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Antibiotics Aren’t always the Answer. 2012. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/Features/GetSmart/ MRSA •Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
•Resistant to beta-lactam antibiotics
•MRSA is found in people
•Most infections that occur are skin infections Symptoms of MRSA • Appear as pustules or boils
• Red, swollen, painful
• Pus or other drainage
• Often look like spider bites Risk Factors of MRSA Most significant risk factor is open or broken skin
In health care facilities, those:
With weakened immune system
Undergoing procedures
In the community:
skin-to-skin contact
contaminated items and surfaces
Locations that place people at risk:
athletic facilities
daycare centers Prevention and Treatment of MRSA Best to recognize and treat infection early to prevent it from becoming severe
Prevent MRSA:
Frequent hand hygiene
Cover cuts and abrasions with a bandage
Avoid contact with other individuals wounds
In some cases, antibiotics
You are NOT immune to future infections after being cured
Personal prevention is key!! So Why is Relying On Antibiotics So Dangerous? Flush out good bacteria
They become less effective against the bacteria they are meant to treat
May have harsh side effects Dangers Continued... Should not be taken for things they cannot treat
Antibiotics are in food How Antibiotics Work Continued... Broad Spectrum Antibiotics can reduce or completely eliminate the normal bacterial flora
Example: broad spectrum antibiotics can disrupt normal gut flora, causing C.Diff A Couple of Questions...
1.Why is the overuse of antibiotics dangerous?
2.True or false; antibiotics work against viral infections.
3.True or false; it is okay to stop antibiotics whenever you feel better.
4.What does MRSA stand for?
5.Is antibiotic overuse a national threat? Questions Answered
1.Why is the overuse of antibiotics dangerous?
Because they become less effective over the bacteria they are meant to treat
2.True or False; antibiotics work against viral infections.
3.True or False, it is okay to stop antibiotics whenever you feel better?
4.What does MRSA stand for?
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
5.Is antibiotic overuse a national threat?
No, it is a global treat

Bacterial infections
•Many wound and skin infections, such as staph infections
•Some ear infections
•Strep throat

Viral Infections
•Stomach flu (viral gastroenteritis)
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