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Hemingway's Iceberg Theory

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Ciara Cook

on 26 October 2015

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Transcript of Hemingway's Iceberg Theory

What's the Iceberg Theory? (cont)
The Old Man and the Sea
Works of Literature
The Old Man and the Sea
Although Hemingway claimed that in the novel he "...tried to make a real old man, a real boy, a real sea and a real fish and real sharks," the work has great imagery suggestive of deeper meanings than appear on the surface.
As Hemingway remarked, The Old Man and the Sea is written on the "principle of the iceberg": seven-eighths of it is underwater for every part that shows.
What's the Iceberg Theory?
Famous Quote
Hemingway's Iceberg Theory
Ciara Cook
Background Information
Ernest Hemingway was the creator of the Iceberg Theory.
He was born on July 21, 1899.
Several of this novels helped him win: 1953 pulitzer and 1954 Noble Prize.
He commited suicide on July 2, 1962.
Iceberg Theory is the writing style of Hemingway
The “iceberg theory” describes that only 10-20% of the story is directly revealed through prose. In comparison to an actual iceberg, that is usually the portion of the floating ice mountain that is visible above water. The other 80-90% of the story lies behind the scenes and is the structure of the story.
Also known as the "theory of omission" because Hemingway ommityed matters in his writing which made is writing shorter.

Hemingway short story, "The Old Man and the Sea" is his latest piece of writing.
The story is an allegory; a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
"If a writer knows enough about what he is writing about, he may omit things he knows. The dignity of the movement of an iceberg is due to only one-ninth of it being above water." -Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway's writing is not short just because he was lazy. Yet, it was intentional. His legacy is still apart of today's literature and he will forever be considerd one of the greatest of his time.
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