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Andrew Jackson

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Kai Tea

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of Andrew Jackson

Native American Displacement and The Trail of Tears
Andrew Jackson
Posters Against Andrew Jackson
Vote for Andrew Jackson!
Elections of 1824 and 1828
Collapse of Republican Federalist framework
All candidates ran as Democratic-Republican
No actual party system
Andrew Jackson surprised all other political leaders
by getting ninety-nine votes, more than the others
Not a majority vote so it had to go to the House of Representatives
Adams VS. Jackson
Clay cast his vote for Adams for he detested Andrew Jackson (didn't like both though)
Man who can fight VS. Man who can write
Adams wins vote
Adam put Clay as Secretary of State in return
Spoils System
The Practice of giving government jobs to political backers. Jackson's opponents claimed that it was a corrupt practice but Jackson protected himself by stating that it stopped a groups hold in the government.
Although Jacksonian Democracy may have helped white men, it did not include women, slaves, or Native Americans
As President and as a militant, Jackson wished to remove the Natives from their land to make room for white settlers
Jackson and his supporters tried to make the removal of the Natives sound like they were alright, but in truth they were wuite harsh
Some Natives tried to move back, but were swiftly sent back again
Cherokees attempted to use the law to fight back by creating their own government, but were not recognized by the government of Georgia
The Cherokees then went to the Supreme Court and won, but this was ignored by Georgia, and Jackson had no wishes to enforce it
Eventually, federal troops were dispatched to Georgia to send the Natives off
Some Cherokees moved off their land for payment with the Treaty of Echota
With this, Jackson was allowed to remove the Natives
About 20,000 were marched away on the Trail of Tears
An estimated 1/4 died on the march
At the end of the journey, the tribes fell apart as the followers of Chief John Ross, who had fought
to stay to the end, fought
with those who had signed
the Treaty of Echota
Jackson in the war of 1812
* Andrew Jackson spent several years invading Indian lands and
growing the settlements, he soon was promoted as general*
- British lost 2,000 / America lost 13
- Biggest most complete victory in America under U.S warfare
- Jackson became a war hero
- gained nickname "Old Hickory"
- During preparations, Jackson had war
fever, all were wary of him and his temper
- June 18, 1812 war starts. Battle at New
Orleans begins on December 2, 1814
- Battle unneeded as Treaty of Ghent
is signed for peace
Produced by two students of Period 5:

Sam Khateri
Khai Berry
The Common man
A person who holds no official title and is usually found in the middle and lower classes. Jackson began to fight for the common man claiming he would help all farmers and workers. This greatly helped Andrew Jackson gain the large portion of voters in his later path to election in 1828.
Common Man
Jackson and States' Rights
Congress created a tariff
This helped many cloth producers, as their products became cheaper than foreign textiles
Even so, this angered cotton growers, as most of England started to buy finished products from the industrialized North rather than raw ones from the South
Some southerners were so irritated by this that they felt the need to separate from the Union, nearly starting a civil war
To prevent this, John C. Calhoun, the vice president at the time, proposed a doctrine that would allow the states to nullify federal laws within their boundaries
A little while later, Henry Clay passed a new tariff
with lower rates, but it still did not satisfy
the southerners
In response to the consistency of tariffs,
South Carolina used Calhoun's proposal
and created the South Carolina
Ordinance of Nullification, which
would allow them to consider the tariff
Jackson saw this as such a horrible act
against that government that he requested permission
from Congress to use federal troops to enforce the law
This would be disaster was fortunately averted when Congress passed a compromise bill
Even with this federal vs. state government crisis averted, Jackson was proved to support the federal government
Jackson's life before presidency
- Born on March 15, 1767 in Waxhaw area
- Son of Scotch Irish blood
- Immediate family all passed away:
Father died before birth, older brother died of heat stroke, other brother died of small, mother fell ill and also died

- Served as public prosecutor in Mero District, NC
- Became fairly wealthy
- Owned land and slaves
- 1794, married Rachel Robards
- Hero in War of 1812
- Invaded Florida to capture "savages"

During Office and Afterward
- Failed in 1824 election but won the 1828
election and the 1832 election.
- During first term, Jackson's wife died
- Scandals in Cabinet
- Relocated Native Americans to Oklahoma
- Trail of Tears, Pro-slavery, discrimination,

- Opponents could not touch his invincible
- Viewed as a hero, fighter for the common
- During this era, rules on voting were eased to all white people
- Government by the people
- Democracy in social, economic, and political life
- For the farmer and laborer
- Promoted agriculture and and industrial society
- Limited government, but with a strong president
- Supported little banks
-Replaced government officals with his supporters
(called the Spoils System)
The Jacksonian Democracy
Jackson hated this system. He wanted the
people to have a vote and a say against the
Jackson and the National Bank
The second bank of the United
States was created in 1816 with
a 20 year limit
This limitation was enforced
because of the worries of many
in the government of what too
much financial power in one place could lead to
When Jackson first became president (1828), Nicholas Biddle was in charge of the National Bank
Throughout his life, Jackson had a distrust for banks, especially as he had financial trouble with them earlier in his career
In the beginning, he showed no hatred towards the National Bank, but he did not quite approve of the Bank's use of paper money in place of gold or silver
In January of 1832, Biddle and his supporters wanted to renew the charter for the National Bank, thinking Jackson would approve
He thoroughly did not, and started to openly attack the Bank, and the American people agreed with his hatred
Biddle tried to fight back by making it harder for people to get money, creating a decline in the economy
Eventually, the charter ran out of time, and the bank was shut down
The process and method of striking deals to secure seats of power. Citizens called this a corrupt bargain. After Adams was elected president, in return of the votes cast by Clay, Adams rewarded him the position of Secretary of State in which Jackson immediately called a corrupt bargain.
This Award Presented to Andrew Jackson
On the positive side, he won the Battle of New Orleans
He also fought for the common man and was the first president to be
Andrew Jackson made a large impact on the United States, although not all for the better
Even so, he supported slavery
Removed the Natives from their land
And almost sent federal troops to the south the reinforce the tariff
In the end, Jackson's deeds mostly balanced out, and he now appears as a man who was neither good, nor bad, but somewhere in between
Thanks for Watching
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