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The Great Gatsby
Transcript of The Great Gatsby
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald
Born on September 24th, 1896 in st. paul, minnesota
Named after famous second cousin, Francis Scott Key
Composer of "The Star-Spangled Banner"
also named after his deceased sister, Jean Scott
Known to family as simply "scott"
His mother wanted to make sure that he had all of the advantages of an upper-middle class upbringing.
Attended multiple Catholic private schools
Moved according to father's employment
Race to the top
Attended Newman School from 1911-1912
entered princeton university 1913
* member of the university cottage club
* wrote for the princeton triangle club
* 1st novel rejected by Charles scribner's sons
* left college to enlist during World war i, as most poor people did
Fitzgerald's golden girl
met at a country club
from montgomery, alabama
she broke off the engagement because she was unsure he would be able to support her.
daisy buchanan, anyone?
This side of paradise was published in 1919
focused on post-wwi flapper generation
zelda and scott resumed their engagment
only child: Frances scott "scottie" fitzgerald
born: october 26, 1921
the beautiful and damned published in 1922
1920s: The Jazz age
the most influential decade of his development as a writer
the great gatsby--1925
the american dream gone bad
*the fitzgeralds spent much of the 1920s in france
*befriended Ernest hemingway
*Hemingway + zelda = hot mess
fitzgerald supplemented his income by writing short stories for magazines and scripts for films
mr. hemingway did not approve
only "this side of paradise" was successful during this time period, but the fitzgeralds lived very extravagantly
went broke--borrowed money constantly from his literary agent
golden girl goes nuts
zelda was diagnosed with schizophrenia in 1930
fitzgerald put his 4th novel on hold and wrote short stories to pay her medical bills.
tender is the night was released in 1934 (9 years after the great gatsby) and is somewhat autobiographical
like gatsby, this book became popular many years after its release
fitzgerald had been an alcoholic since college
suffered from tuberculosis
had two heart attacks in 1940
died of a massive heart attack on December 21, 1940
So Long, Zelda
Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald died in 1948
Fire at Highland Mental Hospital in Asheville, N.C.
The Love of the Last Tycoon
Published posthumously in 1941
Finished by literary critic Edmund Wilson
Fashion of the Jazz Age
Popular Short Stories
"Bernice Bobs Her Hair" (1920)
"The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" (1921)
"Winter Dreams" (1922)
Peer Review for *The Great Gatsby*
T.S. Eliot: "It seems to me to be the first step that American fiction has taken since Henry James."
Excerpt from Charles Jackson's *The Lost Weekend*: "There's no such thing as a flawless novel. But if there is, this is it."
Richard Yates: "The most nourishing novel I've read...a miracle of talent..a triumph of technique."
J.D. Salinger wrote positively of Fitzgerald in letters that were composed during the 1940s.
New York Times Editorial (published after Fitzgerald's death): "Fitzgerald was better than he knew, for in fact and in the literary sense he invented a generation."
What is the Jazz Age?
Fitzgerald coined this term in 1922
Post World War I
Dance, music, happiness
Economic boom due to government-growth policies, increases in construction, production of goods, and the stock market.
The American Dream?
no matter what you came from, Hard work and determination can get you whatever you want.
The American nightmare
Hard work and determination are not always good enough. You can never completely transcend or overcome what you were born into.
Fitzgerald and zelda
The roaring 20s: anything was possible
airplanes (lucky lindy)
18th amendment ratified in 1919
made milliionaires out of bootleggers and purveyors of organized crime
The Great Gatsby: Main Characters
the great gatsby: minor characters
Summer of 1922
west egg, new york
the demise of the era of dreaming
The Great Gatsby lives on...
Rich girls don't marry poor boys, Jay Gatsby.
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