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Vietnam

History 104 Group Presentation Fall 2012
by

Emily Woods

on 20 June 2014

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Transcript of Vietnam

Vietnam
A Nation Divided
Timeline of the Turbulent War
1858 - 1997
1940's
Vietnam begins to gain power.
1950
U.S. assists the French in Vietnam.
1954
French defeated at Dien Bien Phu.
Geneva Convention and the split of North and South Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
1956
French leave Vietnam as the U.S. takes their place.
1959
Ho Chi Minh Trail
1960
John F. Kennedy elected.
Viet Cong, or National Liberation Front, formed.
1962
U.S. begins use of Agent Orange.
1963
Buddhist protests.
Kennedy assassinated, L.B. Johnson becomes president.
1964
Gulf of Tonkin and Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
LBJ gets "re" elected.
1965
U.S presence and force in Vietnam increases.
1967
Viet Cong's massive underground tunnel system discovered.
1968
Tet Offensive- American victory?
Battle For Hue.
U.S army general requests 206,000 additional troops.
January
February
March
My Lai Massacre.
LBJ doesn't run for second term.
May
Paris Peace Talks between N. and S. Vietnam.
August
Violent protests break out at the Democratic Convention in Chicago.
November
Richard Nixon elected President.
1969
Nixon secretly bombs Cambodia.
"Vietnamization"
News of My Lai Massacre reaches the U.S.
Massive anti-war demonstration in DC.
1970
Kent State Incident.
U.S. troops in Vietnam decreasing.
1971
Pentagon Papers published. Legacy of deception in Vietnam revealed.
1972
Nixon cuts troops by 70K.
Peace talks between N. Vietnam and the U.S.
U.S. B-52's bomb Hanoi.
Nixon reelected.
1973
Cease-fire signed in Paris.
End of draft announced.
Last U.S. troops leave Vietnam.
1974-75
1976-80
Jimmy Carter elected and issues a pardon to draft evaders.
Vietnam joins the United Nations.
Investigations of Agent Orange begin.
Reagan elected president.
1982
Vietnam Memorial built in DC.
1995-97
U.S. restores diplomatic ties with Hanoi.
Robert McNamara calls Vietnam policy "Wrong, terribly wrong."
Vietnam War: A Local Perspective
GOOD MORNING VIETNAM!
May 1970 WWU
Students protest by blocking Interstate-5 North, by the Lakeway Exit
Student Strike Called
Students For A Democratic Society
(S.D.S.)
Media's Influence on the Perspective of the War
Vietnam was the first televised war.
Decade of watching villages being destroyed, children burned, American body bags being sent home.
1960s: students looking for an alternative to Cold War politics
Began with Civil Rights, then soon moved on to Anti-War movements
1963: Chapters begin @ WWU, CWU, UW, WSU

S.D.S.
Draft Resistance Seattle
Radical Anti-War Groups
To play while people are walking in..?
http://vietnamwarera.tumblr.com/post/35883759619/live-recording-of-a-firefight-in-da-nang
DNC Protests
DC Peace Moratorium
Viet Cong Flag On Campus: 1969
Purpose of symbolism, not provocation
Causes dispute and injuries
Eventually condemned as a university rule

Anti-War Protest:
Violence 1970

The bombing of Sterling Hall
City of Bellingham March Downtown
1965
University of Wisconsin, Madison Protests
Bomb Threat linked to Anti-War Protests
Tension increasing in Bellingham & at WWU
Pamphlets sent out to High School & College Students
University faculty divide
1968: Anti-War education and student involvement increase
Patriots: In Favor of the War
Hard Hat Riot of 1970
-Peter J. Brennan
American Labor Movement
The Draft: 1969
Draft Protests
Draft Disputes: 2-S deferment
Draft Evasion
"Baby Killers" after My Lai Massacre
Over 450,000 people attend Woodstock.
Woodstock 1969
Canadian Youth Demonstration
400-600 Canadian youth march over Blaine Border
Destruction & Violence
First "lottery draft" conducted for Vietnam.
"Goodbye Vietnam"
Vietnam Memorial
93% of homes had a television in 1966.
Television was the number one way people got news by the mid 1960's.
90% of the evening news was coverage of Vietnam.
50 million viewers nation-wide nightly.
Initial coverage supported the Vietnam War.
Tet Offensive in 1968.
"Credibility Gap" of U.S government.
Support for the war began decreasing.
My Lai Massacre.
By:Richele Bueing and Emily Woods
A Soldier's Perspective
Poem: Living & Dying
Anti-war Veteran

. LIVING AND DYING
Take a man, then put him alone,
Put him 12,000 miles away from home;
Empty his heart of all but blood,
Make him life in sweat and mud.
This is the life I have to live
And why my soul to the devil I give;
You 'Peace Boys" pout from your easy chair,
But you don't know what it's like over here.
You have a ball with never trying,
While the boys over here are dying.
You burn your draft card and march at dawn,
Plant your flags on the White House lawn;
You all want to ban the bomb,
There's no real war in Vietnam.
You use your drugs and have your fun,
Then you refuse to use a gun;
There's nothing else for you to do,
And I'm supposed to die for you?
I'll hate you to the day I die,
You make me hear my buddy cry;
I saw his arm, a bloody shred,
I heard them say, "This one's dead."
It's a large price he had to pay,
Not to live to see another day.
He has the guts to fight and die;
He paid the price, but what did he buy?
He bought your life by losing his,
But who gives a damn what a soldier gives?
His wife does, and maybe his son,
But they're just about the only ones.
So you put this man there, all alone,
And he died for you-12,000 miles from home.
Summary
Family of eight in Camas, WA - Chase family.
Oldest brother Everett is a radical anti-war protestor and dodges the draft by fleeing to Canada.
Middle brother Irwin is very religious and gets drafted and served in Vietnam.
Comes home damaged and traumatized after he witnesses the way a Vietnamese prisoner is treated.
Committed to an Army mental hospital where he undergoes shock treatments and drug therapy.
Family pulls together to rescue him.
December 1969
My Lai Massacre
Thesis
Differing opinions about the issues of the 60's and 70's were intensified by the controversy of the Vietnam war and seemingly impossible to overcome.
Ho Chi Minh
Fighting in Vietnam continues.
Fall of Saigon.
Full transcript