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Transcript of Vietnam
A Nation Divided
Timeline of the Turbulent War
1858 - 1997
Vietnam begins to gain power.
U.S. assists the French in Vietnam.
French defeated at Dien Bien Phu.
Geneva Convention and the split of North and South Vietnam at the 17th parallel.
French leave Vietnam as the U.S. takes their place.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
John F. Kennedy elected.
Viet Cong, or National Liberation Front, formed.
U.S. begins use of Agent Orange.
Kennedy assassinated, L.B. Johnson becomes president.
Gulf of Tonkin and Gulf of Tonkin Resolution.
LBJ gets "re" elected.
U.S presence and force in Vietnam increases.
Viet Cong's massive underground tunnel system discovered.
Tet Offensive- American victory?
Battle For Hue.
U.S army general requests 206,000 additional troops.
My Lai Massacre.
LBJ doesn't run for second term.
Paris Peace Talks between N. and S. Vietnam.
Violent protests break out at the Democratic Convention in Chicago.
Richard Nixon elected President.
Nixon secretly bombs Cambodia.
News of My Lai Massacre reaches the U.S.
Massive anti-war demonstration in DC.
Kent State Incident.
U.S. troops in Vietnam decreasing.
Pentagon Papers published. Legacy of deception in Vietnam revealed.
Nixon cuts troops by 70K.
Peace talks between N. Vietnam and the U.S.
U.S. B-52's bomb Hanoi.
Cease-fire signed in Paris.
End of draft announced.
Last U.S. troops leave Vietnam.
Jimmy Carter elected and issues a pardon to draft evaders.
Vietnam joins the United Nations.
Investigations of Agent Orange begin.
Reagan elected president.
Vietnam Memorial built in DC.
U.S. restores diplomatic ties with Hanoi.
Robert McNamara calls Vietnam policy "Wrong, terribly wrong."
Vietnam War: A Local Perspective
GOOD MORNING VIETNAM!
May 1970 WWU
Students protest by blocking Interstate-5 North, by the Lakeway Exit
Student Strike Called
Students For A Democratic Society
Media's Influence on the Perspective of the War
Vietnam was the first televised war.
Decade of watching villages being destroyed, children burned, American body bags being sent home.
1960s: students looking for an alternative to Cold War politics
Began with Civil Rights, then soon moved on to Anti-War movements
1963: Chapters begin @ WWU, CWU, UW, WSU
Draft Resistance Seattle
Radical Anti-War Groups
To play while people are walking in..?
DC Peace Moratorium
Viet Cong Flag On Campus: 1969
Purpose of symbolism, not provocation
Causes dispute and injuries
Eventually condemned as a university rule
The bombing of Sterling Hall
City of Bellingham March Downtown
University of Wisconsin, Madison Protests
Bomb Threat linked to Anti-War Protests
Tension increasing in Bellingham & at WWU
Pamphlets sent out to High School & College Students
University faculty divide
1968: Anti-War education and student involvement increase
Patriots: In Favor of the War
Hard Hat Riot of 1970
-Peter J. Brennan
American Labor Movement
The Draft: 1969
Draft Disputes: 2-S deferment
"Baby Killers" after My Lai Massacre
Over 450,000 people attend Woodstock.
Canadian Youth Demonstration
400-600 Canadian youth march over Blaine Border
Destruction & Violence
First "lottery draft" conducted for Vietnam.
93% of homes had a television in 1966.
Television was the number one way people got news by the mid 1960's.
90% of the evening news was coverage of Vietnam.
50 million viewers nation-wide nightly.
Initial coverage supported the Vietnam War.
Tet Offensive in 1968.
"Credibility Gap" of U.S government.
Support for the war began decreasing.
My Lai Massacre.
By:Richele Bueing and Emily Woods
A Soldier's Perspective
Poem: Living & Dying
. LIVING AND DYING
Take a man, then put him alone,
Put him 12,000 miles away from home;
Empty his heart of all but blood,
Make him life in sweat and mud.
This is the life I have to live
And why my soul to the devil I give;
You 'Peace Boys" pout from your easy chair,
But you don't know what it's like over here.
You have a ball with never trying,
While the boys over here are dying.
You burn your draft card and march at dawn,
Plant your flags on the White House lawn;
You all want to ban the bomb,
There's no real war in Vietnam.
You use your drugs and have your fun,
Then you refuse to use a gun;
There's nothing else for you to do,
And I'm supposed to die for you?
I'll hate you to the day I die,
You make me hear my buddy cry;
I saw his arm, a bloody shred,
I heard them say, "This one's dead."
It's a large price he had to pay,
Not to live to see another day.
He has the guts to fight and die;
He paid the price, but what did he buy?
He bought your life by losing his,
But who gives a damn what a soldier gives?
His wife does, and maybe his son,
But they're just about the only ones.
So you put this man there, all alone,
And he died for you-12,000 miles from home.
Family of eight in Camas, WA - Chase family.
Oldest brother Everett is a radical anti-war protestor and dodges the draft by fleeing to Canada.
Middle brother Irwin is very religious and gets drafted and served in Vietnam.
Comes home damaged and traumatized after he witnesses the way a Vietnamese prisoner is treated.
Committed to an Army mental hospital where he undergoes shock treatments and drug therapy.
Family pulls together to rescue him.
My Lai Massacre
Differing opinions about the issues of the 60's and 70's were intensified by the controversy of the Vietnam war and seemingly impossible to overcome.
Ho Chi Minh
Fighting in Vietnam continues.
Fall of Saigon.