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ICT GROUP ACTIVITY.............Done by: Jobert Ronabio

jobert ronabio

on 5 October 2015

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DEFINITION: Word Processing
Using a computer to create, edit, and print documents. Of all computer applications,
word processing
is the most common. To perform word processing, you need a computer, a special program called a word processor, and a printer. A word processor enables you to create a document, store it electronically on a disk, display it on a screen, modify it by entering commands andc haracters from the keyboard, and print it on a printer.
Word Processing Software
Word processing software is used to manipulate a text document, such as a resume or a report. You typically enter text by typing and the software provides tools for copying, deleting and various types of formatting. Some of the functions of word processing software include:
• Creating, editing, saving and printing documents.
• Copying, pasting, moving and deleting text within a document.
• Formatting text, such as font type, bolding, underlining or italicizing.
• Creating and editing tables.
• Inserting elements from other software, such as illustrations or photographs.
• Correcting spelling and grammar.

Microsoft Word: The World's Most Popular Word Processor

Microsoft Word
is the one of the world’s most popular word processing programs and for good reason. In use for more than twenty years, Word has a number of valuable functions beneficial for any writing tasks including spell check, grammar check and numerous fonts. The built-in templates help writers create attractive resumes, letters, memos and other documents quickly. The Review features (e.g. Track Changes, Comment, etc.) are vital for people who need to track the input and changes from editors and colleagues. Word has only a few drawbacks: cost (usually over $100), technical requirements, and complexity (the sheer number of features can be overwhelming to a novice).

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Examples of Word Processors

by: Josh Fredman, Demand Media

Word processors' core functions have changed little since the early 1990s.

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Whether it's a short business letter or the next great American novel, word processors bring great convenience to the everyday activity of writing. Originating in the 1970s with the earliest personal computers, their advantages over typewriters were immediate and overwhelming even despite the limited hardware capabilities of those days. To be able to store information in digital form meant authors could extensively manipulate their work without having to completely retype it, and also meant they could print it on demand. Although Microsoft dominates the market, as of May 2013 there are also quite a few other word processors out there.

Microsoft Word
has dominated the word processing world since the mid-1990s. According to Microsoft's own figures, over 500 million people used its Office productivity products, including Word, in 2009. As the industry leader, Word issues major new versions every few years and sets the bar that its competitors try to meet or exceed. Some of the new features that Microsoft touts in Word 2013 include an improved reading mode that emulates the action of reading a book, a "resume reading" mode that lets you pick up in a document where you left off previously and a new revision viewing mode.
Online word processors arrived on the scene much later than its desktop counterparts. The biggest player in this category as of 2013 is
Google Docs
, which uses cloud storage to let users access their files from any computer with an Internet connection. Google Docs places an emphasis on real-time collaboration between multiple authors, while including most of the functions that people have come to expect from word processors. Google Docs works on Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome as well as Safari, and while not open source, it is free.

Open Office Writer
, owned by Apache as of 2013, is both free and open-source. It works on multiple operating systems, can write to most major word processor file formats and read virtually all of them. It can also handle many other text and image file formats, including PDF, JPG and HTML. Stylistically, Open Office Writer emulates industry leader Microsoft Word. Open Office enjoys a high level of popularity, with over 100,000 downloads most days. One of its biggest downsides is that it takes a long time to launch as well as a long time to open very large documents.
On the historical side, Samna Corporation's
Ami Pro
was the first major WYSIWYG, or "what you see is what you get," graphical word processor. It pioneered the idea of being able to freely move your cursor anywhere on the page, rather than only up to the last character of text. It also pioneered colorful function icons, and was one of the first word processors to adopt word wrapping between lines. All of these features go without thinking today, but once upon a time they were cutting-edge. Ami Pro had its heyday in the late 1980s and early 1990s, and its successor lives on today as IBM's Lotus Smart Suite.
List of word processors
Free and open-source software

Propriety software
Adobe Page Maker
• Apple Pages, part of its iWork suite - Mac
• Applix Word - Linux
• Atlantis Word Processor - Windows
• CesarUSA Text Editor - Windows
• ComWriter - cloud-based[1]
• Documents To Go - Android, iOS, Windows Mobile, Symbian
• EasiWriter - RISC OS
• Final Draft Screenplay/Teleplay word processor
• FireWorkz Pro - RISC OS, professional version of the free FireWorkz
• FrameMaker
• Gobe Productive Word Processor
• Han/Gul (a.k.a. HWP)
• IA Writer - Mac, iOS
• Ichitaro - a Japanese word processor produced by JustSystems
• InCopy
• IntelliTalk
• iStudio Publisher - Mac
• Kingsoft Writer - Windows and Linux
• Lotus Word Pro - Windows
• Mariner Write - Mac
• Mathematica - technical and scientific word processing
• Mellel - Mac
• Microsoft Word - Windows and Mac
• Microsoft Works Word Processor
• Microsoft Write - Windows and Mac (a stripped-down version of Word)
• Nisus Writer - Mac
• Nota Bene - Windows
• Polaris Office - Android and Windows Mobile
• PolyEdit
• Ragtime (an all-in-one desktop publishing software) - Mac, Windows
• QuickOffice - Android, iOS, Symbian
• QuickSilver formerly Interleaf
• Scrivener
• TechWriter - RISC OS
• TextMaker
• ThinkFree Office Write
• WordFile4ME
• WordPad, previously known as "Write" in older versions than Windows 95, has been included in all versions of Windows since Windows 1.01. Source code available fromMicrosoft as an example.
• WordPerfect

• AbiWord
• Apache OpenOffice Writer
• Document.Editor
• Calligra Words
• GNU TeXmacs
• Groff
• JWPce is a Japanese word processor, designed primarily for the English speaker who is reading or writing in Japanese.
• KWord
• LyX
• LibreOffice Writer
• PipeDream - RISC OS (also incorporates spreadsheet and database)
• Ted
• Atlantis Nova
• Baraha Free Indian Language Software
• FireWorkz - RISC OS and Windows
• IBM Lotus Symphony
• Jarte
• Kingsoft Writer Personal Edition
• Madhyam
• TextMaker 2008[1]
• Adobe Buzzword
• Authorea - word processor for students and researchers
• ComWriter[2]
• EtherPad, real time word processor
• Google Docs
• Microsoft Office Online - free online service
• ThinkFree Office Write
• WriteOnline
• XaitPorter - word processor for Enterprise, allowing both single user and team collaboration approach.
• ZCubes – free online service
• Zoho Writer

Propriety Software
• 1st Word / 1st Word Plus Atari ST family and Acorn
• AppleWorks né ClarisWorks Word Processing - Windows and Mac ; also an older and unrelated application for Apple II.
• A M Jacquard Systems running Type-Rite, its own proprietary software[2]
• Amí
• Apple Writer Word Processor - Apple II & III series
• Apricot Computers SuperWriter
• AtariWriter - Atari 8-bit family
• Bravo
• Bank Street Writer
• ChiWriter
• CEO - Data General's AOS and AOS/VS operating systems
• CPT Word Processors
• DeskMate - strictly speaking, DeskMate had a word processor component within it
• DisplayWrite
• EasyWriter - Apple II and DOS (CP/M)
• Edit (application) - Mac
• Electric Pencil
• EZ Word
• FullWrite Professional - Mac
• Gypsy
• Homepak for Commodore 64 and Atari
• IBM 3730
• Interleaf - Now called QuickSilver
• KindWords - For Amiga computers

• Lex - for DEC's VAX VMS
• Lexicon
• LocoScript
• Lotus Manuscript
• MacWrite
• Magic Wand
• MindWrite - Mac
• MultiMate
• PaperClip - For Commodore 64 computers
• PC-Write
• pfs:First Choice Lighter-weight version of the pfs suite - DOS
• pfs:Write Professional Write/IBM Writing Assistant
• PROFS - IBM VM series
• Protext
• Q&A Write for DOS / Windows
• Scripsit
• SimpleText - Apple System 7-9
• SpeedScript - For Commodore 64 computers
• Sprint
• StarOffice StarWriter
• Taste
• Tasword
• TeachText - Mac
• TJ-2
• topcopy plus
• Type-Rite, proprietary software running on A M Jacquard machines[2]
• VolksWriter
• WordMARC
• WordStar
• Wordworth - For the Commodore Amiga
• WriteNow - Mac / NeXT
• QText
• XyWrite
Word Processing Compared to Using a Typewriter

The great advantage of word processing over using a typewriter is that you can make changes without retyping the entire document. If you make a typing mistake, you simply back up the cursor and correct your mistake. If you want to delete a paragraph, you simply remove it, without leaving a trace. It is equally easy to insert a word, sentence, or paragraph in the middle of a document. Word processors also make it easy to move sections oftext from one place to another within a document, or between documents. When you have made all the changes you want, you can send the file to a printer to get a hard copy.

Word processors vary considerably, but all word processors support the following basic features:

insert text
:Allows you to insert text anywhere in the document.

delete text:
Allows you to erase characters, words, lines, or pagesas easily as you can cross them out on paper.

cut and paste :
Allows you to remove (cut) a section of text from one place in a document and insert (paste) it somewhere else.
• copy :Allows you to duplicate a section of text.

page size and margins :
Allows you to define various page sizes and margins, and the word processor will automatically readjust the text so that it fits.

search and replace :
Allows you to direct the word processor to search for a particular word or phrase. You can also direct the word processor to replaceone group of characters with another everywhere that the first group appears.

word wrap :
The word processor automatically moves to the next line when you have filled one line with text, and it will readjust text if you change the margins.

Allows you to send a document to a printer to get hardcopy.

Features of Standard Word Processors
Word processors that support only these features (and maybe a few others) are called text editors. Most word processors, however, support additional features that enable you to manipulate and format documents in more sophisticated ways. These more advanced word processors are sometimes called full-featured word processors.Full-featured word processors usually support the following features:

file management
:Many word processors contain file management capabilities that allow you to create, delete, move, and search for files.

font specifications:
Allows you to change fonts within a document. For example, you can specify bold, italics, and underlining. Most word processors also let you change the font size and even the typeface.

footnotes and cross-references
: Automates the numbering and placement of footnotes and enables you to easily cross-reference other sections of the document.

graphics graphics:
Allows you to embed illustrations and graphs into a document. Some word processors let you create the illustrations within the word processor; others let you insert an illustration produced by a different program.

headers , footers , and page numbering:
Allows you to specify customized headers and footers that the word processor will put at the top and bottom of every page. The word processor automatically keeps track of page numbers so that the correct number appears on each page.

layout :
Allows you to specify different margins within a single document and to specify various methods for indenting paragraphs.

: A macro is a character or word that represents a series of keystrokes. The keystrokes can represent text or commands. The ability to define macros allows you to save yourself a lot of time by replacing common combinations of keystrokes.

Allows you to merge text from one file into another file. This is particularly useful for generating many files that have the same format but different data. Generating mailing labels is the classic example of using merges.

spell checker
: A utility that allows you to check the spelling of words. It will highlightany words that it does not recognize.

tables of contents and indexes:
Allows you to automatically create a table of contents and index based on special codes that you insert in the document.

:A built-in thesaurus that allows you to search for synonyms without leaving the word processor.

windows :
Allows you to edit two or more documents at the same time. Each document appears in a separate window. This is particularly valuable when working on a large project that consists of several different files.

what you see is what you get): With WYSIWYG, a document appears on the display screen exactly as it will look when printed.
The line dividing word processors from desktop publishing systemsis constantly shifting. In general, though, desktop publishing applications support finer control over layout, and more support for full-color documents.

Word processors
In 1986 WordPerfect and WordStar were the two leading word processors, with moderately larger market shares than several other programs (DisplayWrite, Word, MultiMate, Samna Word). In the next few years, however, WordPerfect broke away from the pack, and by 1990 it clearly dominated the market.
In the late 1980s Microsoft shifted its attention away from its DOS version of Word, which was then number two in the market, and began to focus on the Windows version. Microsoft Word for Windows hit the market in late 1989, and began to generate a serious market share in 1990. By the time Windows became the dominant operating system, the two leading Windows word processors were Ami Professional and Microsoft Word.
After the introduction of Windows 3.0, Microsoft Word grew at an extraordinary rate. By 1994 it dominated the market more completely than WordPerfect had, even during its peak years. WordPerfect for Windows, which was introduced in late 1991, a year after its OS/2 product was introduced and almost two years after Windows 3.0 was introduced, jumped initially to a 20% market share, but then its market share stabilized and began to decline. Ami Pro showed some good growth (in terms of units) but never achieved much of a market share in terms of revenues.

1. Word Processor Quality
WordStar, the original leader in the word processor market, lost its market position by failing to keep its quality at the level of its competition. The story was different with WordPerfect. Unlike WordStar, WordPerfect was always judged a high-quality product in its DOS incarnation. Where WordPerfect fell behind was in developing a high-quality product for Windows, and in incorporating its product into a high-quality office suite.
The dominance of DOS WordPerfect is clear in the reader ratings of PC World Magazine (Figure 8.9). And the story in the reader ratings accurately reflects the history of market share. In 1984 WordStar was the leading product in the reader ratings, followed by Microsoft Word (DOS) and MultiMate. WordPerfect was not yet a market leader. By 1987, however, WordPerfect was in first place. Its ascent continued until late 1991. During the 1990s, however, we see a decline in DOS word processors and a rise in Windows word processors—Word for Windows, WordPerfect for Windows, and Ami Pro for Windows. In the Windows market, Word won out.
In short, with the change in operating system came a change in leadership. And once again, measures of quality explain that change. Figure 8.10 shows the number of wins in the DOS word processor market for various products. The closest competitor to WordPerfect DOS is Microsoft Word for DOS, but after 1989 WordPerfect is just about the only game in town when it comes to quality DOS word processors.
Thus, the preponderance of evidence indicates that WordPerfect deserved its leading market share in the DOS market. The scale of WordPerfect’s domination may be a little surprising, given that Microsoft Word ran such a close second, but the poor showing of the number two product is a common thread throughout these chapters. This could be the result of instant scalability, or perhaps network effects and economies of scale.
WordPerfect did have an additional advantage (left out of our analysis) of offering near-legendary technical support, but in this, after all, the company didn’t have much choice. WordPerfect for DOS was notoriously difficult to learn, as anyone who remembers the keyboard templates for the product can attest. The program was run by using arcane combinations of the twelve function keys with the control, alt, and shift keys. Technical support was more important for such a product than for the more intuitive Windows products.
As an operating system, DOS had about run its course, but the change to a new operating system was not going to come easily. Programming for Windows required a whole new set of skills. This is evidenced by the number of producers of DOS word processors that tried to buy Windows products instead of developing their own:
• IBM owned DisplayWrite, which at one time had captured 10–15 percent of the DOS market (as seen in Figure 8.1). Yet, in June 1990 IBM licensed technology from Xyquest for a GUI word processor, to be called Signature.
• Software Publishing produced low-end word processors Office Writer and Professional Write, putting it in fourth place in 1989. But in early 1990 they purchased from Samna a subset of Ami upon which to build its own word processor, Professional Write Plus.
• In January 1991 WordStar purchased the source code and distribution rights to NBI’s Legacy product, a frames based Windows word processor. It sold the product under the title WordStar Legacy and planned to continue to work on its own product, using the Legacy Engine, which still belonged to NBI.
• Lotus Corporation, which had produced two DOS word processors called Manuscript and Word IV bought Samna in order to get Ami (Pro).
• Ashton-Tate, whose MultiMate was number two in revenues in 1987, was acquired in June 1991 by Borland. Although Ashton-Tate had been working on a Windows word processor, it never was able to get it close to market. Borland valued Ashton-Tate for its other products, and ignored its word processor.
Microsoft Word ultimately came to dominate the Windows world for pretty much the same reasons that Excel succeeded: Microsoft Word was a superior product at a time when consumers were rethinking their adoptions, and Microsoft engaged in better strategic marketing (office suites).


RONABIO, Jobert D.
BENITEZ, Angelyn P.
RIVERO, David Jan M.
NOLIAL, Jericho N.
Prepared By:
It is indeed a job challenge for us to try and have a Presentation like this!!!

A warm-whelmed THANK's To you Sir. Ken!!
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